UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION

In re: Proposed Waiver and Regulations Governing the Taking of
Eastern North Pacific Gray Whales by the Makah Indian Tribe
 
Administrative Law Judge
Hon. George J. Jordan
Docket No. 19-NMFS-0001
 
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Number

Date

Filer

   Entry                                                                                                               

* 04/05/2019 NOAA Notice of Hearing

*

04/05/2019 NOAA Proposed Waiver and Regulations
1. 04/05/2019 NOAA NMFS Declaration of  Chris Yates with exhibits
2. 04/05/2019 NOAA NMFS Declaration of Dr. Shannon Bettridge with exhibits
3. 04/05/2019 NOAA NMFS Declaration of Dr. David Weller with exhibits
4. 04/05/2019 NOAA NMFS Declaration of Dr. Jeffrey Moore with exhibits
5. 04/30/2019 Peninsula Citizens for the Protection of Whales                                                                  

Request by Peninsula Citizens for the Protection of Whales to Participate in Hearing

6. 05/01/2019 Makah Indian Tribe Request by Makah Indian Tribe to Participate in Hearing
7. 05/01/2019 Sea Shepherd Legal Request by Sea Shepherd Legal to Participate in Hearing
8. 05/03/2019 Jennifer Plombon Comment Letter
9. 05/06/2019 Inanna McCarty Request by Ianna McCarty to Participate in Hearing
10. 05/06/2019 Sea Shepherd Conservation Society Request by Sea Shepherd Conservation Society to Participate in Hearing                                                                                                
11. 05/06/2019 Animal Welfare Institute Request by Animal Welfare Institute to Participate in Hearing
12. 05/06/2019 Marine Mammal Commission Request to Participate in Hearing
13. 05/10/2019 Animal Welfare Institute

1. Expedited Motion to Extend Wavier Proceedings Schedule

2. Declaration of DJ Schubert on Behalf of AWI Expedited Motion to Extend Wavier Proceedings Schedule

3. Declaration of Naomi Rose on Behalf of AWI Expedited Motion to Extend Wavier Proceedings Schedule

14. 05/10/2019 Sea Shepherd Legal & Sea Shepherd Conservation Society

1. Expedited Motion for Extension of Time to Submit Initial Direct Testimony and For Continuance of Hearing

2. Declaration of Catherine Pruett in Support of Sea Shepherd Expedited Motion for Extension of Time to Submit Initial Direct Testimony and For Continuance of Hearing

3. Exhibit A to Declaration of Catherine Pruett in Support of Sea Shepherd Expedited Motion for Extension of Time to Submit Initial Direct Testimony and For Continuance of Hearing

15. 05/13/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service Notice of Intent to Respond
16. 05/13/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service Notice of Appearance
17. 05/15/2019 Makah Indian Tribe

1. Makah Indian Tribe’s Response to Expedited Motions to Extend Waiver Proceedings Schedule

2. Declaration of Brian Gruber

3. Declaration of Patrick Depoe

18.  05/15/2019 National Marine Fisheries Services

1. Combined Response with Motions to Extend

2. Second Declaration of Chris Yates

19. 05/17/2019 Sea Shepherd Legal & Sea Shepherd Conservation Society

1. Reply in Support of Expedited Motion for Extension of Time to Submit Initial Direct Testimony and for Continuance of Hearing

2. Declaration of Brett Sommermeyer in Support of Expedited Motion for Extension of Time to Submit Initial Direct Testimony and for Continuance of Hearing

20. 05/17/2019 Animal Welfare Institute

1. AWI’s Combined Reply to the NMFS’s and Makah Responses to AWI’s Expedited Motion to Extend Waiver Proceedings Schedule

2. Supplemental Declaration of DJ Schubert in Support of AWI’s Combined Reply to the NMFS’s and Makah Responses to AWI’s Expedited Motion to Extend Waiver Proceedings Schedule

21. 05/17/20019 Makah Indian Tribe

Initial Direct Testimony of Makah Indian Tribe to include:

22. 05/20/2019 ALJ Jordan Order Denying Sea Shepherd’s and Animal Welfare Institute’s Expedited Motions to Extend Waiver Proceedings Schedule
23. 05/20/2019 Makah Indian Tribe

Additional Direct Testimony of Makah Indian Tribe to include and Proposed Issues of Fact:

24. 05/20/2019 Makah Indian Tribe Makah Tribe’s Proposed Issues of Fact
25. 05/20/2019 Makah Indian Tribe Position of Makah Tribe’s Witnesses regarding NMFS’s Proposed Issues of Fact
26. 05/21/2019 Animal Welfare Institute

Animal Welfare InstituteDirect Testimony and Exhibits

  1. Declaration of DJ Schubert
  2. Certificate of Service

Exhibits (Click to see detailed description of exhibits)

  1. Comments of the Animal Welfare Institute; w/8 attachments
  2. Article - Timing of the gray whale southbound migration
  3. Article - Gray whales born north of Mexico: indicator of recovery or consequence of regime shift?
  4. Article - A bioenergetics model to evaluate demographic consequences of disturbance in marine mammals applied to gray whales
  5. Article - Eastern North Pacific Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus) Unusual Mortality Event 1999-2000
  6. Article - High gray whale mortality and low recruitment in 1999: potential causes and implications
  7. Article - Sample articles about gray whale mortalities in 2019
  8. Article - Arctic Report Card 2018
  9. Article - The Impact of Climate Change on the World’s Marine Ecosystem
  10. Article - Arctic marine mammals and climate change: impacts and resilience
  11. Article - Gray whale distribution relative to forage habitat in the northern Bering Sea: current conditions and retrospective summary
  12. Article - Trends in benthic macrofaunal populations, seasonal sea ice persistence, and bottom water temperatures in the Bering Strait region. Oceanography
  13. Article - A Major Ecosystem Shift in the Northern Bering Sea
  14. Article - Biological impacts of the 2013-2015 warm-water anomaly in the Northeast Pacific: Winners, losers, and the future
  15. Article - The impact of El Niño events on the pelagic food chain in the northern California Current.
  16. Article - Emerging risks from marine heat waves
  17. Article -  The pelagic ecosystem in the northern California Current off Oregon during the 2014-2016 warm anomalies within the context of the past 20 years
  18. Article - The 2014–2015 warming anomaly in the Southern California Current System observed by underwater gliders
  19. Article - Fluctuating reproductive rates in Hawaii’s humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, reflect recent climate anomalies in the North Pacific
  20. Article - Impacts of changing sea-ice conditions on Arctic marine mammals
  21. Article - The blob that cooked the Pacifi
  22. Article - Late-Feeding Season Movements of a Western North Pacific Gray Whale
  23. Article - Assessment of stock structure among gray whales utilizing feeding grounds in the Eastern North Pacific.
  24. Article - Association of PCFG gray whales on migration
  25. Article - Guidelines for Assessing Marine Mammal Stocks
  26. Article - Effects of climate change on Arctic marine mammal health. Ecological Applications
  27. Article - Destruction and opportunity on the sea floor: effects of gray whale feeding
  28. Article - Side-Scan Sonar Assessment of Gray Whale Feeding in the Bering Sea
  29. Article - The Whale Pump: Marine Mammals Enhance Primary Productivity in a Coastal Basin
  30. Article - Whales as marine ecosystem engineers
  31. Article - The Impact of Whaling on the Ocean Carbon Cycle: Why Bigger Was Better
  32. Article - Ecology of whale falls at the deep-sea floor
  33. Article - Whale-Fall Ecosystems
  34. Article - River Masters – Hippos are the nutrient kingpins of Africa’s waterways
  35. Article - Hippos (Hippopotamus amphibius): The animal silicon pump
  36. Article - Wolves and the Ecology of Fear
  37. Article - The Landscape of Fear: Ecological Implications of Being Afraid
  38. Article - Trophic cascades in Yellowstone: The first 15 years after wolf reintroduction
  39. Article - Using ecosystem engineers as tools in habitat restoration and rewilding: beaver and wetlands
  40. Article - Hunting intensity alters movement behavior of white-tailed deer.
27. 05/21/2019 Sea Shepherd Legal & Sea Shepherd Conservation Society

Sea Shepherd Legal & Sea Shepherd Conservation Society Direct Testimony and Exhibits

Exhibits

  1. CV of Brett Sommermeyer
2. Comments
28. 05/27/2019 Peninsula Citizens for the Protection of Whales

Peninsula Citizens for the Protection of Whales Declaration and Attachments

Attachments

  1. Comments
  2. Chart – Site Fidelity, Resident Whales, and Familial Recruitment
  3. Chart  - Whales, Campers and .50 Caliber Rife
  4. 4.Resident Gray Whales of Washington State
29. 06/03/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service
  1. Notice Updating the Court and the Parties on the Status of the Interagency Agreement Securing Coast Guard ALJ
  2. First Declaration of Steven  Stone
  3. Certificate of Service
30. 06/06/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

1. Motion for Leave to File a Proposed Hearing Agenda with Attachments.

2. Certificate of Service

31. 06/07/2019 Makah Indian Tribe

1 Makah Tribe's Proposed Hearing Agenda

2. Certificate of Service for Makah Tribe's Proposed Hearing Agenda.

32. 06/10/2019 NOAA

1. Partial Stipulation Re Scope of Issues to Be Addressed at Hearing.

2. Certificate of Service.

33. 06/10/2019 ALJ Jordan

1. Notice and Agenda for June 17, 2019 Prehearing Conference

2. Certificate of Service

* 06/26/2019 ALJ Jordan Fed Register Notice: Final Agenda
34. 06/17/2019 ALJ Jordan Transcript of Pre-Hearing Conference
35. 06/24/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

1. Position Statement Regarding the Hearing Date

2. Certificate of Service

36. 06/24/2019 Makah Indian Tribe

1. Supplemental Submission re Request to Postpone Hearing

2. Certificate of Service

37. 06/24/2019 Marine Mammal Commission

1. Brief on Rescheduling the Hearing Date

2. Certificate of Service

38. 06/24/2019 Animal Welfare Institute

1. Request to Move the Hearing Date in the Waive r Proceeding

2. Declaration of Donald John Schubert

3. Certificate of Service

39. 06/24/2019 Sea Shepherd

1. Request to Move Hearing Date and Certificate of Service

2. Declaration of Catherine Pruett

40. 06/24/2019 Peninsula Citizens for the Protection of Whales  Request to Change the Date for Hearing
41. 07/08/2019 ALJ Jordan 

1. Order Granting Request to Change Hearing Date

2. Certificate of Service

42. 07/09/2019 NOAA

1. Partial Stipulation Re Extension of Prehearing Dates

2. Certificate of Service

43. 07/09/2019 ALJ Jordan

1. Order Granting Extension of Pre-Hearing Date

2. Certificate of Service

44. 07/23/2019 ALJ Jorda1. n

1. Order Scheduling Pre-Hearing Conference

2. Certificate of Service

45. 07/02/2019 ALJ Jordan  Transcript of Pre-Hearing Conference
*   ALJ Jordan Federal Register Notice: Change in Hearing Date
46. 08/06/2017 Makah Tribe

1. Initial Direct Testimony of John R. Brandon

2. Exhibit M-0562

3. Exhibit M-0563

4. Exhibit M-0564

5. Exhibit M-0565

6. Exhibit M-0568

7. Exhibit M-0569

8. Exhibit M-0570

9. Exhibit M-0571

10. Exhibit M-0572

11. Exhibit  M0573

12. Exhibit M-0574

13. Exhibit M-0575

14. Certificate of Service

47. 08/06/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

Direct Testimony on Unusual Mortality Event

48. 08/06/2019 Animal Welfare Institute

Direct Testimony Regarding Unusual Mortality Event

49. 08/09/2019 Marine Mammal Commission

1. Rebuttal Testimony of Michael F. Tillman

2. Certificate of Service

50. 08/06/2019 Makah Tribe

1. Rebuttal Testimony of Jonathan Scordino

2. Certificate of Service

51.   Peninsula Citizens for the Protection of Whales

1. PCPW Rebuttal Testimony of Jonathan Scordino

2. PCPW Rebuttal Testimony of Chris Yates

3. Exhibit 1

4. Exhibit 2

5. Exhibit 3

6. Exhibit 4

7. Exhibit 5

8. Exhibit 6

93 Exhibit 7

10. Exhibit 8

11. Exhibit 9

12. Exhibit 10

52.  08/06/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

1. 2019.08.06 NMFS 2nd Decl. of Dr. Shannon Bettridge and Exhibits

2.  2019.08.06 NMFS 3rd Decl. of Chris Yates and Exhibits

3.2019.08.06 NMFS 2nd Decl. of Dr. David Weller and Exhibits

4. 2019.08.06 NMFS 2nd Decl. of Dr. Jeffrey Moore and Exhibits

53. 08/12/2019 Animal Welfare Institute

1. Rebuttal Testimony of DJ Schubert

2. List of Exhibits

3. Exhibit 1- Carretta et al. 2019a, U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessment: 2018. Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus): Eastern North Pacific Stock and Pacific Coast Feeding Group

4. Exhibit 2- Tynan & DeMaster 1997, Observations and predictions of Arctic climate change potential effects on marine mammals

5. Exhibit 3- Coyle et al. 2007, Potential effects of temperature on the benthic infaunal community on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf: possible impacts of climate change

6. Exhibit 4- Aydin & Mueter 2007, The Bering Sea—A dynamic food web perspective

7. Exhibit 5- Kahru et al. 2010, Are phytoplankton blooms occurring earlier in the Arctic?

8. Exhibit 6-  Soreide et al. 2010, Timing of blooms, algal food quality and Calanus glacialis reproduction and growth in a changing Arctic

9. Exhibit 7- Le et al. 2019, Phytoplankton decline in the eastern North Pacific transition zone associated with atmospheric blocking

10- Exhibit 8- COSEWIC 2017. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Grey Whale Eschrichtius robustus, Northern Pacific Migratory population, Pacific Coast Feeding Group population and the Western Pacific population, in Canada

11. Exhibit 9- Moore et al. 2010, Bowhead whale distribution and feeding near Barrow, Alaska in late summer 2005-06

12. Exhibit 10- Grebmeier & Harrison 1992, Seabird feeding on benthic amphipods facilitated by gray whale activities in the northern Bering Sea

13. Exhibit 11- Carretta et al. 2019b, U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessment: 2018

14. Exhibit 12- NMFS. 2005. Revisions to Guidelines for Assessing Marine Mammal Stocks.

15. Exhibit 13- Moore & Merrick, eds. 2011, Guidelines for Assessing Marine Mammal Stocks: Report of the GAMMS III Workshop, February 15 – 18, 2011, La Jolla, California

16- Exhibit 14- LeBoeuf. 2016, Guidelines for Preparing Sock Assessment Reports Pursuant to the 1994 Amendments to the MMPA. National Marine Fisheries Service Instruction 02-204-01

17.- Exhibit 15- Calambokidis & Pérez 2017a, Internal recruitment to the PCFG from births to PCFG mothers

18. Exhibit 16- Lang et al. 2011a, Genetic analysis of stock structure and movements of gray whales in the eastern and western North Pacific

19. Exhibit 17- Lang et al. 2011b, Genetic analysis of stock structure and movements of gray whales in the eastern and western North Pacific

20. Exhibit 18- Rosel et al. 1999, Genetic structure of harbour porpoise Phocoena populations in the northwest Atlantic based on mitochondrial and nuclear markers

21. Exhibit 19- Hayes et al., eds. 2019, US Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico Marine Mammal Stock Assessments – 2018; Harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena phocoena): Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy Stock

22. Exhibit 20- Allen & Angliss 2012, Alaska marine mammal stock assessments, 2011

23. Exhibit 21- Waring et al. 1999, U.S. Atlantic marine mammal stock assessments - 1998

24. Exhibit 22- Clapham et al. 1993, Seasonal occurrence and annual return of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the southern Gulf of Maine

25. Exhibit 23-  Waring et al. 2000, U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico marine mammal stock assessments - 2000

26. Exhibit 24- Carretta et al. 2013, U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2012

27. Exhibit 25- Carretta et al. 2018, U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessment: 2017

28. Exhibit 26- Muto et al. 2019, Alaska Marine Mammal Stock Assessments, 2018. Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae): Western North Pacific Stock

29. Exhibit 27- Duffus 1996, The recreational use of grey whales in southern Clayoquot sound, Canada

30. Exhibit 28- Nelson et al. 2008, Spatial-temporal patterns in intra-annual gray whale foraging: characterizing interactions between predators and prey in Clayoquot Sound, British Columbia, Canada

31. Exhibit 29- O’Connor et al. 2009, Whale Watching Worldwide: tourism numbers, expenditures and expanding economic benefits, a special report from the International Fund for Animal Welfare

32. Exhibit 30- Cisneros-Montemayor et al. 2010, The global potential for whale watching

33. Exhibit 31- Schwoerer 2007, Master’s Thesis. The Economic Value of Gray Whales to Local Communities: A Case Study of the Whale Watching Industry in Two Communities in Baja, Mexico

34. Exhibit 32- Leeworthy et al. 2017, Non-market Economic Value of Recreation Use on the Outer Coast of Washington and the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary, An Attributes Approach

35. Exhibit 33- Pendleton 2004, Understanding the potential economic value of marine wildlife viewing and whale watching in California: executive summary

36. Exhibit 34- Punt & Moore 2013, Seasonal gray whales in the Pacific Northwest: an assessment of optimum sustainable population level for the Pacific Coast Feeding Group

37. Exhibit 35- Cooke 2017, Updated assessment of the Sakhalin gray whale population and its relationship to gray whales in other areas

 38. Exhibit 36- Urban et al. 2019, New information on the gray whale migratory movements between the western and eastern North Pacific

39. Exhibit 37- Ronzón-Contreras et al. 2019, Gray whales’ body condition in Laguna San Ignacio, BCS, Mexico during 2019 winter breeding season

40. Exhibit 38- Martinez-Aguilar et al. 2019, Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus) stranding records in Mexico during the winter breeding season in 2019

54. 08/06/2019 Sea Shepherd

Rebuttal Testimony

55. 08/09/2019 Animal Welfare Institute

1. Motion to Exclude Testimony and Evidence

2. Certificate of Service

56. 08/09/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

1. Motion to Limit Issues and Testimony

2. Certificate of Service

57. 08/09/2019 Makah Tribe

1. Motion re Issues to be Addressed at the Hearing

2. Certificate of Service

58. 08/09/2019 Sea Shepherd

1. Sea Shepherd Motion to Exclude Evidence

2. Certificate of Service

59. 08/13/2019 Sea Shepherd Exhibit CN-1- CV of Carrie Newell
60. 08/16/2019 Animal Welfare Institute

1. Motion to Exclude Rebuttal Testimony and Evidence

2. Certificate of Service

61. 08/16/2019 Makah Tribe

1. Motion to Exclude Certain Portions of the Rebuttal Testimony of Margaret Owens.

2. Certificate of Service

62. 08/16/2019 National Marines Fisheries Service

1. Motion to Limit Rebuttal Issues and Testimony

2. Certificate of Service

63. 02/19/2019 Sea Shepherd

1.Response to NMFS's Motion to Limit Issues and Testimony

2. Certificate of Service

64. 08/19/2019 Sea Shepherd

1. Response to Maka Tribe's Motion re Issues to be Addressed at the Hearing

2. Certificate of Service

65. 08/19/2018 Makah Tribe

1. Combined Response to Motions to Exclude Testimony  and Issues for the Hearing

2. Certificate of Service

66. 08/19/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

1. Combined Response to Parties' Motions to Exclude

2. Certificate of Service

67. 08/26/2019 Peninsula Citizens for the Protection of Whales Response to NMFS's Motion to Limit Rebuttal Issues and Testimony
68. 08/26/2019 Sea Shepherd

1. Response to NMFG's Motion to Limit Rebuttal Issues and Testimony

2. Certificate of Service

69. 09/11/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

Rebuttal Testimony on Unusual Mortality Event

70. 09/11/2019 Animal Welfare Institute

1. Rebuttal Testimony in Response to Direct Testimony

2. Certificate of Service

71. 09/26/2019 National Marine Fisheries

1. Partial Stipulation re Hearing Management Proposal

2. Certificate of Service

72. 09/27/2019 ALJ Jordan

1. Scheduling Order for 9/30/19- PreHearing Conference

2. Certificate of Service

73. 09/30/2019 ALJ Jordan Transcript of Pre-Hearing Conference
* 10/09/2019 ALJ Jordan

1. Order re Motions in Limine

2. Certificate of Service

74. 10/25/2019 ALJ Jordan

1. Order re Hearing Management Plan

2. Certificate of Service

75. 10/28/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

1. Motion Requesting Revisions to Proposed Regulations

2. Certificate of Service

76. 11/04/2019   Federal Register Notice: Modifications to Final Agenda
77. 11/04/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

1. Witnesses and Timekeeper for Hearing

2. Certificate of Service

78. 11/05/2019 ALJ Jordan

1. Order Holding NMF's Motion Requesting Revisions to Proposed Regulations in Abeyance and Setting Deadline for Response

2. Certificate of Service

79. 11/07/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

Notice of Filing Administrative Law Judge Exhibits for Hearing

80. 11/07/2019 Makah Tribe

1. Pre-hearing Brief

2. Certificate of Service

81. 11/07/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service

1. Pre-hearing Brief

2. Certificate of Service

82. 11/07/2019 Sea Shepherd

1. Pre-hearing Brief

2. Certificate of Service

83. 11/07/2019 Sea Shepherd Notice Withdrawing Testimony of Sommemeyer
84. 11/13/2019 Department of Interior's Assistant Secretary- Indian Affairs Communication from the  U.S. Department of the Interior- Indian Affairs
85. 11/14/2019 National Marine Fisheries Service Exhibit 3-101
86. 11/19/2019 Sea Shepherd

1. Exhibits to Testimony of Witness Carrie Newell

2. Exhibits to Testimony of Witness Carrie Newell

3. Exhibits to Testimony of Witness Carrie Newell

4. Exhibits to Testimony of Witness Carrie Newell

5. Exhibits to Testimony of Witness Carrie Newell

87.   Makah Tribe

1. Additional Exhibits

2. Additional Exhibits

3. Additional Exhibits

4. Additional Exhibits

88.   Makah Tribe Additional Exhibits
89.   ALJ Jordan Transcripts Vol, I
90.   ALJ Jordan Transcripts Vol. II
91.   ALJ Jordan Transcripts Vol. III
92.   ALJ Jordan Transcripts Vol. IV
93.   ALJ Jordan Transcripts Vol V
94.   ALJ Jordan Transcripts Vol. VI
95. 03/03/2020 AWI, SSL and PCPW
96. 03/10/2020 National Marine Fisheries Service
97. 03/11/2020 Makah Tribe
98. 03/20/2020 Makah Tribe
99. 03/20/2020 Peninsula Citizens for the Protection of Wales Post Hearing Bried
100. 03/20/2020 Marine Mammal Commission
101. 03/20/2020 Animal Welfare Institute
102. 03/20/2020 National Marine Fisheries Service
103. 03/20/2020 Sea Shepherd Proposed Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law