COVID-19 | May 20, 2021

Vaccine General Information FAQs


Q.  What are the most important things to know about the COVID-19 vaccine?
Now that there are recommended and authorized vaccines to prevent COVID-19 in the United States, here are eight things you need to know about the CDC's new COVID-19 Vaccination Program and COVID-19 vaccines.

  1. The safety of COVID-19 vaccines is a top priority.
  2. COVID-19 vaccination will help protect you from getting COVID-19. Two doses are needed.
  3. CDC is making recommendations for who should be offered COVID-19 vaccine first when supplies are limited.
  4. There are currently a limited supply of COVID-19 vaccine in the United States, but supply will increase in the weeks and months to come.
  5. After COVID-19 vaccination, you may have some side effects. This is a normal sign that your body is building protection.
  6. Cost is not an obstacle to getting vaccinated against COVID-19.
  7. The first COVID-19 vaccine is being used under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Many other vaccines are still being developed and tested.
  8. COVID-19 vaccines are one of many important tools to help us stop this pandemic.

To read more about these eight topics, please read the CDC article “8 Things to Know about the U.S. COVID-19 Vaccination Program”.


Q. What are the benefits of getting a COVID-19 vaccine?
We understand that some people may be concerned about receiving a COVID-19 vaccine now that COVID-19 vaccines are available in the United States. According to the CDC, more COVID-19 vaccines are being developed as quickly as possible, and routine processes and procedures remain in place to ensure the safety of any vaccine that is authorized or approved for use. Safety is a top priority, and there are many reasons to get vaccinated. To read more about the benefits of being vaccinated, please read this CDC article.


Q. Where can individuals go for more information about the vaccine they will be administered?
A. Please visit the CDC’s webpage, Different COVID-19 Vaccines (, to learn more about the various vaccines in Phase 3 Clinical trials. You can also learn more about U.S. COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials, including vaccines in earlier stages of development, by visiting


Q. What agency is responsible for the overall plan?
A. The Coast Guard is participating in the Department of Defense (DoD) COVID-19 Vaccine distribution operation. Agencies included in this partnership include, among others, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, and the Coast Guard.  On 22 January 2021, the President issued a National Strategy for COVID-19 Response and Pandemic Preparedness, available at


Q: Is the COVID-19 vaccination mandatory for service members?
A: Any COVID-19 vaccine that becomes available under pre-licensure status, such as an FDA emergency use authorization (EUA), will be voluntary for service members, though highly encouraged for priority populations. Once formally licensed by the FDA, a vaccine may become mandatory for military personnel, as is the case for the influenza vaccine.