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Major Responses

Major responses of the National Strike Force

American History & Culture  US/World Environmental History Year  National Strike Force (NSF)
First Earth Day. More than 20 million people participate.

President Nixon forms the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Clean Air Act passed, regulating air emissions.
1970
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  1971

 

 
Clean Water Act is passed, placing pollution limits on water discharges and sewage.

EPA bans DDT.
1972
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  Endangered Species Act passed to protect wildlife.

The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).
1973 National Strike Force Established
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The Equal Rights Amendment approved by Congress.  
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  The Safe Drinking Water Act regulates pollutants to ensure that people drink safe water. 1974
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Secretariat wins the Triple Crown.

Richard Nixon resigns; Gerald Ford becomes president.
 
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Congress passes legislation that sets standards for automobile tail-pipe emissions. Automakers begin adding catalytic converters to cars. 1975 Mystery Spill (South Florida Coast)
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  The Toxic Substances Control Act empowers the EPA to track industrial chemicals used in the United States, as well as to ban those that pose a threat.

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act passed to control handling and disposal of hazardous waste.

1976 Argo Merchant Oil Spill (Nantucket, Mass.)
 
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Bicentennial of the United States is celebrated.  

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  Clean Air Act Amendments passed.

Clean Water Act passed.
1977  
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The movie Star Wars hits theaters.

Jimmy Carter becomes president.
 
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Sony introduces the Walkman, a portable audio cassette player.

“Blizzard of 1978” batters the Northeast. Snowfall ranges from 2–4 ft.
  1978 Brazilian Marina Response (Sao Paulo, Brazil)
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  EPA bans PCB manufacture.

U.S. sues for Love Canal cleanup
1979 IXTOC I oil spill (Texas Coast)
 
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An accident occurs at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Middletown, Pennsylvania.  
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  Congress creates the Superfund, setting aside large amounts of money to clean up hazardous waste sites. 1980
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"Miracle on Ice" as US ice hockey team beats Soviet Union at the Winter Olympics.

Mt. St. Helens volcano, in Washington State, erupts.
 
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Inauguration of Ronald Reagan as the 40th president of the United States.

First space shuttle launched.
  1981  
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The word “Internet” used for the first time.

Michael Jackson releases "Thriller".
  1982
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Compact discs begin to replace vinyl records.   1983 M/V City of Greenville (St. Louis)
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Apple introduces the Mac.   1984
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  A team of British scientists reports that there is a hole in the ozone layer over the Antarctic. 1985
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New York Mets top Red Sox in World Series.   1986 Space Shuttle Challenger recovery (Atlantic Ocean)
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  United States is one of 24 nations to sign the Montreal Protocol, an agreement to phase out production of chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs) that destroy the ozone layer. 1987  
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The New York Giants beat the Broncos in Super Bowl.
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  EPA sets standards for underground storage tanks.

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act Amendments of 1988 passed.
1988
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  EPA publishes first Toxic Release Inventory. 1989 M/V Exxon Valdez oil spill (Prince William Sound, Alaska)
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George H.W. Bush becomes president.

The Simpsons show debuts on Fox.

Fall of the Berlin Wall.
 
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  Earth Day 20th Anniversary is celebrated on April 22. One hundred million people around the globe participate.

Pollution Prevention Act passed.
1990
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Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) signed into law.

Hubble Telescope placed into orbit.
 
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The World Wide Web makes its debut.   1991
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  EPA commits to reducing environmental risks to minorities. 1992  
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Bill Clinton becomes the 42nd president of the United States.   1993 Barge Bouchard (Tampa, Fla.)
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  New standards require chemical plants to reduce toxic air pollution by more than half a million tons each year.

EPA presents first Energy Star computer awards.
1994 San Jacinto River oil spill (Texas)
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On Earth Day, a student-led campaign delivers the Environmental Bill of Rights to Congress. 1995 Hurricane Opal (Florida Panhandle)
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  It becomes mandatory that public suppliers of drinking water provide customers information about the chemicals and microbes in their water. 1996 TWA Flight 800 crash (off East Moriches, N.Y.)
 
 
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Dolly, the first sheep cloned from adult cells, is born.
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  Thirty-eight industrialized nations sign the Kyoto Protocol, agreeing to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by about 5% over 15 years.

U.S. and Canada move to eliminate toxics in Great Lakes.
1997 Red River flood (North Dakota)
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Princess Diana killed in car crash.
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Baseball legend Cal Ripken, Jr. ends his record consecutive games streak at 2,632.

Dale Earnhardt wins the Daytona 500.

Seinfeld finale episode after nine seasons on NBC.
  1998  
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  New emissions standards are set for automobiles, requiring them to become 77% to 95% cleaner. 1999
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  The Senate overwhelmingly approves a $7.8 billion aid plan to restore the Everglades in Florida.

EPA endorses cleaner diesel fuels plan.
2000 Pepco oil spill (Eagle Harbor, Md.)
 
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  The head of Forest Service halts harvesting of old-growth timber on public lands.

U.S. decides not to sign the Koyoto Protocol .
2001  
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George W. Bush becomes president.

Wikipedia, a web-based, collaborative encyclopedia, is created.

Patriots win first of three Super Bowls.
9/11 Terrorist Attacks (New York City/Washington D.C.)
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 American Idol airs for the first time.   2002
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  EPA proposes the first-ever mercury emissions regulations on power plants.

New Clean School Bus program reduces children's exposures to diesel emissions from buses.
2003 Space Shuttle Columbia recovery (Texas)
 
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  EPA informs the governors of 31 states that the air pollution in their states does not meet federal health standards. 2004 Athos I oil spill (Philadelphia)
 
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Red Sox break "Curse of Bambino" and win World Series.
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  EPA issues the Clean Air Interstate Rule and the Clean Air Mercury Rule. 2005 Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (U.S. Gulf Coast)
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Lance Armstrong wins a record 7th Tour de France.
 
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Population of the United States reaches three hundred million.   2006 DBL 152 oil spill (Gulf of Mexico)
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  Arctic sea ice hits at an all-time low.

Through the Energy Star program, EPA prevents greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to those from 27 million vehicles.
2007 Cosco Busan Response (San Francisco, Calif.)
 
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  2008
   
  EPA determines that greenhouse gases threaten public health and the environment. 2009 CAPECO tank farm fire (Bayamón, Puerto Rico)
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Barack Obama becomes the first African American president and the country's 44th president.

New York Yankees win 27th World Series.
 
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  EPA proposes tightening smog standard to improve air quality and protect public health. 2010 Haitian Earthquake Response (Haiti)
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    2010 Deep Water Horizon

 

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Last Modified 9/19/2013