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Living Marine Resources


Living Marine Resources


Living Marine Resources Enforcement (LMR) is one of the Coast Guard’s eleven statutory missions. These missions direct the Coast Guard to conduct operations to enforce all applicable laws and regulations which safeguard fisheries and marine protected resources. Domestic fisheries enforcement includes activities to prevent, detect, and suppress violations of U.S. Federal or state fishery laws and regulations applicable to U.S. flagged commercial, charter, or recreational fishing vessels or foreign flagged fishing vessels that are authorized to fish within the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). These enforcement activities implement regulations that manage domestic fishing and protect marine resources, ensuring a level playing field and supporting sustainable fishery management. Primary fisheries enforcement authorities include the Magnuson-Stevens Fisheries Conservation and Management Act, the Lacey Act, the Endangered Species Act, and the National Marine Sanctuaries Act.

Marine Protected Species Program

To ensure that the United States is always able to fully avail itself of the bounty that our ocean, coasts, and the Great Lakes offer, the Coast Guard must continue its work to prevent the degradation of these resources that could result from unconstrained maritime activities. 

The Coast Guard's strategic framework for Marine Protected Resources (MPR) is OCEAN STEWARD (2014).  OCEAN STEWARD establishes the chief priority for MPR program activities:

 “Protect and recover healthy populations of marine protected species and support sustainable management of Federal marine protected areas.”

The Coast Guard's MPR program goals are threefold: 

            Provide Effective Presence at sea;

            Support Enhanced Engagement with partners and stakeholders;

            Ensure Exemplary Execution of MPR operations and related activities.

Accordingly, under the auspices of existing statutory authorities and internal Directives (see linked Commandant Instructions ), the Coast Guard’s Marine Protected Resources Program safeguards Federally listed species and marine protected areas.  Program activities play an important role enforcing measures that protect species in jeopardy and healthy ecosystems that must remain resilient in the face of changing oceanographic conditions.  They also support management of marine sanctuaries and monuments that were established after they were found to be of special national significance.  The increasing scope, scale and spatial distribution of marine uses means that adequate protection of these resources and strong at-sea support of regulations essential for use and management of these special areas.  At the same time, the extent of area designated as Federal marine sanctuary or marine monument has grown at a rapid pace, from approximately 13,000 square nautical miles in 1996 to approximately 575,000 square nautical miles in 2016.  

The Coast Guard is the only Federal agency with the assets, capabilities, and competencies to provide a consistent at-sea law enforcement presence and --in many instances-- the best equipped to assist natural resource agencies with conservation responses to episodic events such as strandings and entanglements.  Coast Guard enforcement of regulations that safeguard marine protected species and marine protected areas is integral to the success of the management programs administered by Office of National Marine Sanctuaries and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 

As a leader in marine resource stewardship, the Coast Guard must be a model of compliance and commit to maintaining a high level of vigilance in managing its own actions to avoid undue impacts.  The MPR program supports sound operational practices that comport with applicable legislation, regulations and management practices.  Many of the tenets that guide these operational practices were first set out in the USCG Atlantic Protected Living Marine Resources Initiative (APLMRI), a suite of measures that are now applied to Coast Guard operations in both the Atlantic and Pacific theaters of operation.

USCG Atlantic Protected Living Marine Resources Initiative (APLMRI)

The APLMRI is provided below in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format.  Due to the size of the various https, it is highly recommended that you right-click and save these https to your computer before opening.

Title Page
Record of Decision
Executive Summary
Table of Contents 
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Chapter 2 - Purpose and Need for Proposed Action
Chapter 3 - Alternative Actions
Chapter 4 - Affected Environment
Chapter 5 - Environmental Consequences
Chapter 6 - References
Chapter 7 - List of Preparers
Chapter 8 - EIS Distribution List
Chapter 9 - Acronyms
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C 
Appendix D, Part I
Appendix D, Part II
Appendix E
Appendix F
Appendix G
Appendix H
Appendix I 
Cover Page, Volume III
Appendix J
Appendix K
Appendix L
Appendix M
Appendix N
Appendix O 
Appendix P
Appendix Q
Appendix R
Appendix S
Appendix T
Appendix U
Appendix V
Appendix W
Appendix X

Pertinent MPR links:

Links to the Marine Protected Resource Commandant Instructions can be found below. 

16002.2 (Coral)

16004.3 (Sanctuaries)

16214.3 (MSR)

16475.7 (PLMR)


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Last Modified 6/16/2016