Assessing the Relationship Between Propagule Pressure and Invasion Risk in Ballast Water (2011)
The first study, led by the National Academy of Sciences' National Research Council (NAS), helps to derive environmentally protective numeric ballast water discharge limits in the next Vessel General Permit and other programs. As part of this study, researchers prepared a background paper. For more information, select this link to the NAS committee.
Efficacy of Ballast Water Treatment Systems (2011)
The second study, led by EPA’s Science Advisory Board (SAB), provides advice on technologies and systems to minimize the impacts of invasive species in vessel ballast water discharge. A "draft final" report is available on its website. To support this effort, agency staff prepared a background paper. For more information, select links to the EPA SAB committee and Vessel General Permit.
Analysis of Ballast Water Sampling Port Designs Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (February 2008). U.S. Coast Guard Research and Development Center, Report No. CG-D-01-08.
Design and Preliminary Use of a Commercial Filter Skid to Capture Organisms ≥ 50 µm in Minimum Dimension (Nominally Zooplankton) for Evaluating Ships' Ballast Water Management Systems at Land-Based Test Facilities (22 June 2010). U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Report No. 6130/1029.
Development of a method to determine the number of viable organisms > 50 µm (nominally zooplankton) in ships' ballast water: a combination of two vital, fluorescent stains (23 April 2010). U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Report No. 6130/1021.
Development of a Method to Determine the Viability of Organisms ≥ 10 µm and < 50 µm (Nominally Protists) in Ships' Ballast Water: A Combination of Two Vital, Fluorescent Stains (18 March 2010). U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Report No. 6130/1011.
Evaluation of Representative Sampling for Rare Populations Using Microbeads (August 2008). U.S. Coast Guard Research and Development Center, Report No. CG-D-03-09.
Multi-site validation of a method to determine the viability of organisms ≥ 10 µm and < 50 µm (nominally protists) in ships' ballast water using two vital, fluorescent stains (13 January 2010). U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Report No. 6130/1016.
Proceedings Winter 2008-09:
Marine Debris, Solutions to a persistent problem, by Mr. David Major
Natural-born Killers, Anti-fouling coating systems and their mixed effects on the marine environment, by Mr. Charles (Bud) Darr
Ballast Water Treatment Technology,
Great Lakes Shipping, Trade, and Aquatic Invasive Species: Special Report 291,
National Academy of Sciences, 2008.
Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships Ballast Water,
National Academy of Sciences, 1996.
Environmental Standards Division (CG-OES-3)
U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters
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Washington, DC 20593