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DEERS Definitions

The following list of DEERS definitions are for informational purposes only.

 Adopted Child --- A child adopted before the age of 21, or if enrolled in a full-time course of study at an institution of higher learning, before the age of 23.  Except for entitlement to medical care, a child with an incapacitating condition that existed before the age of 21 or that occurred while the child was a full-time student prior to the age of 23 may be adopted at any age provided it is determined that there is a BONA FIDE parent child relationship.  A child of an active duty member or retiree who is adopted by a nonmilitary member after the death of the sponsor remains eligible for medical care only as there would be no termination of the legal relationship between the child and the deceased sponsor.

Annulled ---
The status of an individual, whose marriage has been declared a nullity by a court of competent jurisdiction that restores unremarried status to a widow, widower, or former spouse for reinstatement of benefits and privileges.

Attainment of Age 65 ---
The first day of the month of the anniversary of the sixty-fifth birthday, unless the birthday falls on the first of the month. If the birthday is the first of the month, attainment of age 65 occurs on the first day of the preceding month.

Certified Copy ---
A copy of a document or record signed and certified as a true copy by the officer to whose custody the original is entrusted.  For certified documents, this includes official copies of documents (whether called certified copies or not), as long as they qualify under the laws of the state where made to be introduced into evidence in court.  Usually such copies will be accompanied by a statement (either attached or on the copy itself) of the records custodian attesting to the copy’s authenticity and will be signed by the custodian.

Dependent ---
Individuals, whose relationship to the sponsor leads to benefits.

Documentation ---
Properly certified birth certificate or certificate of live birth authenticated by attending physician or other responsible person from a U.S. hospital or a military treatment facility showing the name of at least one parent; FS-240, Consular Report of Birth Abroad, properly certified marriage certification; properly certified final decree of divorce, dissolution, or annulment of marriage and statements attesting to non-remarriage and status of employer-sponsored health care; court order for adoption or guardianship; statement of incapacity from a physician or personnel or medical headquarters of sponsor’s parent Uniformed Service; letter from school registrar; retirement orders (providing entitlement to retired pay is established) or DD Form 214; DD Form 1300, Report of Casualty; certification from VA of 100-percent disabled status; orders awarding Medal of Honor; formal determination of eligibility for Medicare Part A benefits from the Social Security Administration; civilian personnel records; and invitational travel orders.  Note:  For certified documents, this includes official copies of documents (whether called certified copies or not), as long as they qualify under the laws of the state where made, to be introduced into evidence in court.  Usually such copies will be accompanied by a statement (either attached or on the copy itself) of the records custodian attesting to the copy’s authenticity and will be signed by the custodian.  Foreign documents must be accompanied by an English translation.  Foreign divorce decrees must be reviewed by the local installation legal staff.

DoD Beneficiary ---
A person who receives benefits from the DoD based on a prior association, condition, or authorization (see unremarried widow and unremarried former spouse)

Dual Status ---
A person who is entitled to privileges from two sources (e.g., an active, national guard, reserve, or retired member, who is also the dependent of an active duty, national guard, reserve or a retired-with-pay member; who is employed overseas as a civilian by the US government and is qualified for logistical support because of that civilian employment; a member of a Reserve component who is an eligible dependent of an active duty, national guard, reserve, or retired military sponsor; or a child, who is the natural child of one sponsor and the stepchild, ward, or adopted child, and member of a household of another sponsor).

Former Spouses ---
DoD Beneficiaries, individuals who were married to a Uniformed Service member for at least 20 years, and the member had a least 20 years of service creditable in determining eligibility to retired pay, and the marriage overlapped by: 20 or more years (20/20/20); or 15 years, but less than 20 years (20/20/15; or, an abused spouse whose marriage overlapped by 10 or more years (10/20/10).
Gray Area --- The period between retirement under official orders from the selected Guard of Reserve component after satisfactorily completing 20 or more years of service and eligible for retired pay at age 60.

Honorary Retiree ---
A member of the Retired Reserve not entitled to retired pay at age 60; therefore, is no longer entitled to an ID card (Public Law 101-510).
Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) --- A manpower pool consisting of individuals who have had some training and who have served previously in the Active Component or in the Selected Reserve and have some period of their military service obligation remaining.  Members may voluntarily participate in training for retirement points and promotion with or without pay.  Also called IRR.  For the purpose of this instruction, it also includes volunteers, who do not have time remaining on their MSO, but are under contractual agreement to be a member of the IRR.  These individuals are mobilization assets and may be called to active duty under the provisions of Title 10, U.S.C, Chapters 15 and 1209.  Issuance of DD Form 1173-3 to IRR dependents is mandatory.  The IRR participates in the Guard and Reserve DEERS Enrollment Program.

Institution of Higher Learning
--- A college, university, or similar institution, including a technical or business school, offering post secondary-level academic instruction that leads to an associate or higher degree, if the school is empowered by the appropriate State education authority under state law to grant an associate or higher degree.  When there is no state law to authorize the granting of a degree, the school may be recognized as an institution of higher learning if it is accredited for degree programs by a recognized accrediting agency.  The term also includes a hospital offering educational programs at the post secondary level regardless of whether the hospital grants a post secondary degree.  The term also includes an educational institution that is not located in a state that offers a course leading to a standard college degree or equivalent and is recognized as such by the Secretary of Education (or comparable official) of the country, or other jurisdiction in which the institution of located.

Member ---
An individual who is affiliated with a Service, either active duty, Reserve, active duty retired or Reserve retired.

Pre-adoptive Child ---
For the purpose of DEERS enrollment, a pre-adoptive child is considered to be a ward of the member.

Ready Reserve
--- The Selected Reserve, Individual Ready Reserve, and Inactive National Guard liable for active duty as prescribed by law (Title 10, U.S.C., sections 10142, 12301, and 12302).  For the purpose of the ID instructions, these individuals are military members of the National Guard and Reserve, organized in units or as individuals, liable for recall to active duty to augment the active components in time of war or national emergency.
Reserve Retired Entitled to Pay at Age 60 (Gray Area Retirees) --- Reserve members who have completed 20 qualifying years for retirement and are entitled to receive retired pay at age 60, but have not reached age 60.  Individuals are mobilization assets and may be recalled to active duty under Chapter 1209, Title 10, U.S.C.

Selected Reserve (SelRes) ---
.Those National Guard and Reserve units and individuals within the Ready Reserve (Selected Reserve, Individual Ready Reserve and inactive National Guard) designated by their respective Services, and approved by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, as so essential to initial wartime missions that they have priority over all other Reserves.  All Selected Reservists are in an active status.  The Selected Reserve also includes persons performing initial active duty for training.  Issuing DD Forms 1173-1 to their dependents and participating in the Guard and Reserve DEERS Enrollment Program are mandatory.

Standby Reserve --- Those units and members of the Reserve Components (other than those in the Ready Reserve or Retired Reserve) who are liable for active duty only, as provided in Title 10, U.S.C, sections 10151, 12301 and 12306.  For the purpose of the ID instructions, these are personnel who maintain their military affiliation without being in the Ready Reserve, who have been designated key civilian employees, or who have a temporary hardship or disability.  These individuals are not required to perform training and are not part of units.

Unmarried ---
A DoD beneficiary, widow or widower or former spouse, who remarried and that marriage was terminated by death or divorce.  Medical benefits can never be restored, only shopping privileges for commissary, exchange, and morale, welfare, & recreation.

Unremarried ---
A DoD beneficiary (widow or widower) who has never remarried; a former spouse whose only remarriage was to the same military sponsor is treated as if he or she never remarried and the periods of marriage may be combined to document eligibility for former spouse benefits.

Unremarried Former Spouse ---
A DoD beneficiary who has not remarried and at the time of divorce was married to the military member for at least 20 years; the military member performed at least 20 years creditable service in determining eligibility to retired pay; and the marriage and the member’s creditable service overlapped at least 15 years.  Initial eligibility must be determined by the parent military service.

Verifying Official ---
A person, who is a U.S. military member, DOD civilian (appropriated or non appropriated fund supported) or equivalent civilian personnel employed by the National Guard of the United States or other similarly qualified personnel in exceptional cases as determined by the Secretary of the Military Department, or a designee, and responsible for validating eligibility of bona fide beneficiaries to receive benefits and entitlements, and the only person authorized to sign block number 21 on DD Form 1172-2.

Ward ---
An unmarried person whose care and physical custody has been entrusted to the sponsor by a legal decree or other instrument that a court of law or placement agency (recognized by the Secretary of Defense) issued.  This term includes foster children and children for whom a managing conservator has been designed.  Wards must be dependent on the sponsor for over half of their support.

Last Modified 1/12/2016