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Historic Light Station Information
& Photography

CONNECTICUT



Note: Much of the following historical information and lists of keepers was provided through the courtesy of Jeremy D'Entremont and his website on New England lighthouses.  Click here to visit his website.

AVERY POINT LIGHT

Location: Connecticut, on the University of Connecticut Avery Point Campus (near Groton)
Date Built: 1944 on the grounds of the Coast Guard Training Station at Avery Point, Groton, CT.
Rebuilt:
Height:
Characteristic: Ceremonial light tower - also used as an active aid to navigation from 1945 through 1967.  Initially it was a fixed white light.  On 3 March 1960 the characteristic was changed to flashing green as a part of a cluster of eight lights.**
Foghorn: N/A
Decommissioned: 25 June 1967 when the Coast Guard moved its training facility to Governor's Island.

**Information provided by the Avery Point Lighthouse Society

Historical Information:

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

AVERY POINT LIGHTHOUSE


BLACK ROCK HARBOR (FAYERWEATHER ISLAND) LIGHT

Location: South end of Fayerweather Island
Station Established: 1808
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1823
Operational? NO
Automated? NO
Deactivated: 1932
Foundation Materials: FIELDSTONE
Construction Materials: GRANITE RUBBLE/BROWNSTONE BLOCK
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL
Height:    40-feet
Markings/Pattern: WHITE W/BLACK LANTERN
Characteristic:    Fixed white light, Fifth Order, Fresnel, range is 11 nautical miles
Relationship to Other Structure: SEPARATE
Original Lens: 8 LAMPS, 14" REFLECTORS
Fog Signal: None

Historical Chronology:

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

BLACK ROCK HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE


BRIDGEPORT BREAKWATER (TONGUE POINT) LIGHT

Location: West side of Bridgeport Harbor entrance, Bridgeport, Connecticut
Station Established: 1895
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1895
Operational: Yes 
Automated: Yes 1954
Deactivated: 1966
Foundation Materials: REINFORCED CONCRETE PIER
Construction Materials: CAST IRON
Tower Shape: CONICAL
Markings/Pattern: BLACK
Relationship to Other Structure: SEPARATE
Original Lens: SIXTH ORDER

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

BRIDGEPORT BREAKWATER LIGHTHOUSE; Caption: "Bridgeport Breakwater."; Photo No. 3CGD10215806; Photo dated 1950; photographer unknown.


BRIDGEPORT HARBOR LIGHT

Location: West side of Bridgeport Harbor entrance and north side of Long Island Sound, Bridgeport, Connecticut
Station Established: 1851
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1871
Operational: NO
Automated: N/A
Deactivated: 1953
Foundation Materials: IRON SCREW PILES
Construction Materials: WOOD
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL
Markings/Pattern:
Relationship to Other Structure: INTEGRAL
Characteristic: Red
Original Lens: SIXTH ORDER

Historical Information: 

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

BRIDGEPORT HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE; Caption: "Bridgeport Harbor Light Station, Third Naval District (New York); Very High Water - Rip Rap Not Shown Well; From 100 FT. East."; Photo dated 1884 or July, 1915; No photo number; photographer unknown.


FAULKNERS ISLAND LIGHT

Location: Off Guilford Harbor / Long Island Sound
Station Established: 1802
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1802
Operational? Yes 
Automated? Yes 1978
Deactivated: n/a
Foundation Materials: FIELDSTONE
Construction Materials: BROWNSTONE/BRICK LINING
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL
Markings/Pattern: WHITE
Relationship to Other Structure: SEPARATE
Original Lens: 9 LAMPS, 16" REFLECTORS 1840

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

FAULKNERS ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE


FIVE MILE POINT (OLD NEW HAVEN) LIGHT

Location: Harbor entrance / Long Island Sound
Station Established: 1805
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1845
Operational? NO
Automated? NO
Deactivated: 1877
Foundation Materials: BROWNSTONE
Construction Materials: BROWNSTONE/BRICK LINING
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL
Markings/Pattern: WHITE W/BLACK LANTERN
Relationship to Other Structure: SEPARATE
Original Lens: 12 LAMPS, 21" REFLECTORS 1845

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

FIVE MILE POINT LIGHTHOUSE


GREAT CAPTAIN ISLAND LIGHT

Location: Western Long Island Sound near Greenwich, Connecticut
Station Established: 1830
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1868
Operational? NO
Automated? 1970
Deactivated: 1970
Foundation Materials: STONE
Construction Materials: GRANITE/WOOD
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL
Markings/Pattern: WHITE ON NATURAL GRANITE
Relationship to Other Structure: INTEGRAL
Original Lens: FOURTH ORDER FRESNEL LENS

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

GREAT CAPTAIN ISLAND LIGHT


GREENS LEDGE LIGHT

Location: Southwest end of Norwalk Island, Long Island Sound, near Norwalk, Connecticut
Station Established: 1902
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1902
Operational? Yes 
Automated? 1972
Deactivated: N/A
Foundation Materials: CAST IRON/CONCRETE CAISSON
Construction Materials: CAST IRON
Tower Shape: CONICAL
Markings/Pattern: UPPER WHITE, LOWER BROWN ON BLACK PIER
Relationship to Other Structure: SEPERATE
Original Lens: FOURTH ORDER FRESNEL LENS

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

GREENS LEDGE LIGHTHOUSE


LYNDE POINT (SAYBROOK) LIGHT

Location: West side of the mouth of the Connecticut River on the Long Island Sound, Old Saybrook, Connecticut
Station Established: 1803
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1839
Operational? Yes 
Automated? 1975
Deactivated: N/A
Foundation Materials: GRANITE PIER
Construction Materials: BROWNSTONE BLOKS
Tower Shape: OCTAGON
Markings/Pattern: WHITE W/RED AND GREY LATERN
Relationship to Other Structure: SEPARATE
Original Lens: FIFTH ORDER FRESNEL

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

OLD LYNDE POINT LIGHT TOWER

NEW LYNDE POINT LIGHT TOWER


MORGAN POINT LIGHT

Location: West side of the mouth of the Mystic River, Noank, Connecticut
Station Established: 1831
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1868
Operational? NO
Automated? NO
Deactivated: 1919
Foundation Materials: NATURAL GRANITE SHELF
Construction Materials: WOOD TOWER/GRANITE DWELLING
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL
Markings/Pattern: WHITE TOWER ON MASONRY DWELLING
Relationship to Other Structure: INTEGRAL
Original Lens: SIXTH ORDER STEAMER

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

NO PHOTOGRAPH AVAILABLE


NEW LONDON HARBOR LIGHT

Location: West side of harbor entrance
Station Established: 1760
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1801
Operational? Yes 
Automated? Yes 1912
Deactivated: n/a
Foundation Materials: SURFACE ROCK/STONE
Construction Materials: BROWNSTONE/BRICK LINING
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL
Markings/Pattern: WHITE W/BLACK LANTERN
Relationship to Other Structure: SEPARATE
Original Lens: 11 LAMPS W/13-INCH REFLECTORS

Historical Information:

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

NEW LONDON HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE


NEW LONDON LEDGE LIGHT

Location: Thames River-New London Harbor entrance
Station Established: 1909
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1909
Operational? Yes
Automated? Yes, 1987
Deactivated: n/a
Foundation Materials: CONCRETE PIER/ORIG. CRIB
Construction Materials: GRANITE/BRICK
Tower Shape: SMALL CYLINDRICAL TOWER ON DWELLING
Markings/Pattern: RED WITH WHITE TRIM
Relationship to Other Structure: INTEGRAL
Original Lens: FOURTH ORDER, FRESNEL 1910
Characteristic: Three white flashes followed by a red flash every thirty seconds.

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Anne Puppa, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

NEW LONDON LEDGE LIGHTHOUSE


PECKS LEDGE LIGHT

Location: Long Island Sound--Norwalk Islands
Station Established: 1906
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1906
Operational? Yes
Automated? Yes, 1933
Deactivated: n/a
Foundation Materials: CAST IRON/CONCRETE CAISSON
Construction Materials: CAST IRON
Builders: TOOMEY BROTHERS OF GUILFORD, CT
Tower Shape: CONICAL ON CYLINDRICAL BASE
Height Above FOCAL PLANE: 61’
Markings/Pattern: WHITE W/BROWN BAND ON BLACK PIER
Relationship to Other Structure: INTEGRAL
Original Lens: FOURTH ORDER FRESNEL
Characteristic: White flash every 10 seconds lasting 2 seconds.
Fog Signal: Yes – operating on compressed air.

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Anne Puppa, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

PECKS LEDGE LIGHTHOUSE


PENFIELD REEF LIGHT

Location: South side of Black Rock Harbor entrance on the Long Island Sound, Near Fairfield, Connecticut
Station Established: 1874
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1874
Operational: Yes
Automated: 1971
Deactivated: N/A
Foundation Materials: Granite Caisson
Construction Materials: Wood / Granite
Tower Shape: Octagonal
Height: 51 feet above water
Markings/Pattern: White with black lantern
Characteristic: Flashing red, 5 seconds
Relationship to Other Structure: Integral
Original Lens: Fourth Order, Fresnel
Fog Signal: Horn, 2d cl. reed: Blast 3 seconds, silent 17 seconds

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

PENFIELD REEF LIGHTHOUSE


SAYBROOK BREAKWATER LIGHT

Location: Connecticut River near Old Saybrook, Connecticut on south end of west jetty
Station Established: 1886
Year Current / Last Tower(s) First Lit: 1886
Operational: Yes
Automated? 1959
Deactivated: N/A
Foundation Materials: Cast Iron / Concrete Caisson
Construction Materials: Cast Iron / Brick Lining
Tower Shape: Conical
Height: 58 feet above water
Markings/Pattern: White Tower on Brown Pier
Characteristic: "F. W., Alt. Fl. G., R. sector, 10 sec" (as per 1933 Light List)
Relationship to Other Structure: Separate
Original Lens: Fifth Order, Fresnel
Fog Signal: Bell, 1 stroke every 20 seconds

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs: 

"SAYBROOK BREAKWATER LIGHT STATION, Conn., Saybrook & Lynde Point Sound."; no date/photo number; photographer unknown.  75 dpi image; 300 dpi image

"Light Number 611, Saybrook Breakwater."; 21 May 1945; Photo No. "Lights, 3 N.D. #12"; Photo by "Durenberger." 75 dpi image; 300 dpi image

SHEFFIELD ISLAND (NORWALK) LIGHT

Location: Sheffield Island / Entrance to Norwalk River
Station Established: 1828
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1868
Operational? NO
Automated? NO
Deactivated: 1902
Foundation Materials: DRESSED STONE/TIMBER
Construction Materials: METAL TOWER ON STONE DWELLING
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL ON SQUARE HOUSE
Height: 44 feet
Focal Plane: 51 feet
Markings/Pattern: WHITE TOWER/BLACK LANTERN ON DWELLING
Relationship to Other Structure: INTEGRAL
Original Lens: FOURTH ORDER FRESNEL 1857
Characteristic: Rotating red and white flashes

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Diane Hackney, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

NO PHOTOGRAPH AVAILABLE


SOUTHWEST LEDGE (NEW HAVEN BREAKWATER) LIGHT

Location: Reef at main entrance to New Haven Harbor, New Haven
Station Established: 1877
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1877
Operational: YES
Automated: 1973
Deactivated: N/A
Foundation Materials: CAST IRON/CONCRETE CAISSON
Construction Materials: CAST IRON
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL
Markings/Pattern: WHITE ON BROWN CAISSON W/BLACK LANTERN
Relationship to Other Structure: INTEGRAL
Original Lens: Fourth Order, Fresnel

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs:

"Southwest Ledge Lt. Sta., Conn., 3rd Dist."; 1903; no photo number; photo by "List"? 75 dpi image; 300 dpi image.

"SOUTHWEST LEDGE LIGHT STATION; THIRD NAVAL DISTRICT; 125 ft. South."; 2 December 1915; photo by "Yates." 75 dpi image-small; 75 dpi image-large.

Southwest Ledge Light.  No caption/date; Photo No. 3CGD 60 56; photographer unknown (Public Information Section, Third Coast Guard District photo).  75 dpi image; 300 dpi image.


STAMFORD HARBOR (CHATHAM ROCKS) LIGHT

Location: Stamford Harbor entrance on Chatham Rock near Stamford.
Station Established: 1882
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1882
Operational? YES
Automated? 1953
Deactivated: N/A
Foundation Materials: CAST IRON/CONCRETE CAISSON
Construction Materials: CAST IRON
Tower Shape: CONICAL ON CYLINDRICAL PIER
Markings/Pattern: WHITE TOWER ON RED PIER
Relationship to Other Structure: SEPARATE
Original Lens: FOURTH ORDER FRESNEL

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

STAMFORD HARBOR LIGHTHOUSE


STONINGTON HARBOR LIGHT

Location: East side of Stonington Harbor, Connecticut
Station Established: 1823
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1840
Operational? NO
Automated? N/A
Deactivated: 1889
Foundation Materials: GRANITE
Construction Materials: GRANITE
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL
Markings/Pattern: N/A
Relationship to Other Structure: ATTACHED
Original Lens: SIXTH ORDER FRESNEL LENS, 1856

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

NO PHOTOGRAPH AVAILABLE


STRATFORD POINT LIGHT

Location: Mouth of the Houstonic River near Stratford, Connecticut
Station Established: 1822
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1881
Operational? YES
Automated? 1970
Deactivated: N/A
Foundation Materials: CONCRETE
Construction Materials: CAST IRON/BRICK LINING
Tower Shape: CONICAL
Markings/Pattern: WHITE WITH BROWN BAND MIDWAY
Relationship to Other Structure: SEPARATE
Original Lens: THIRD ORDER FRESNEL
Fog Signal: Bell

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

STRATFORD POINT LIGHT TOWER WITHOUT BROWN BAND

STRATFORD POINT LIGHT TOWER WITH BROWN BAND

STRATFORD POINT LIGHT TOWER WITHOUT LANTERN ROOM (1969-1990)


STRATFORD SHOAL (MIDDLE GROUND) LIGHT

Location: Long Island Sound between Long Island, New York and Bridgeport, Connecticut
Station Established: 1837
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1877
Operational? YES
Automated? 1970
Deactivated: N/A
Foundation Materials: GRANITE ASHLAR CAISSON
Construction Materials: GRANITE BLOCKS
Tower Shape: OCTAGONAL TOWER ON SQUARE DWELLING
Markings/Pattern: NATURAL WITH WHITE LANTERN
Relationship to Other Structure: INTEGRAL
Original Lens: FOURTH ORDER FRESNEL

Historical Information:

Researched and written by Melissa Buckler, a Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Light House Society volunteer.

Photographs (click on light name below to access image): 

STRATFORD SHOAL LIGHTHOUSE


Last Modified 11/17/2014