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Historic Light Station Information
& Photography

ALABAMA


MOBILE BAY / "MIDDLE BAY" LIGHT

Location: MOBILE HARBOR/MOBILE BAY
Station Established: 1885
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1885
Operational: No
Automated: Yes, in 1935
Deactivated: 1967
Foundation Materials: Screw piling with platform
Construction Materials: Wood
Tower Shape: Hexagonal without lantern
Markings/Pattern: White dwelling with red piles
Height: 41'
Relationship to Other Structure: Integral
Original Lens: Fourth Order, 1885
Characteristic: Fixed white varied by a red flash every 30 seconds
Fog Signal: Bell struck by machinery every 5 seconds

Historical Information:

Photographs:

Middle Bay Light, circa late 19th century: (75 dpi) ; (300 dpi); Original caption: "Mobile Bay Light Station, Ala. [;] 8th Dist. Photos [;] 8th Dist. 2M."; no photo number; photographer unknown.  Note the keeper's wife standing in the open doorway, the curtain around the lens, and the small boat hanging from the station's davits.

Middle Bay Light, circa 1950: (75 dpi) ; (300 dpi); Original caption: "Mobile Bay Light"; photo dated December, 1950; no photo number; photographer unknown.  Note how the lantern room has been removed and replaced with a light on a pole.  One of the screw-pile iron legs has been replaced with a heavy timber.


MOBILE POINT RANGE LIGHTS

RELOCATED FROM MOBILE BAY ENTRANCE
Station Established: 1821
Year Current Tower(s) First Lit: 1873
Operational? NO
Automated? NO
Deactivated: 1966
Foundation Materials: CONCRETE
Construction Materials: IRON
Tower Shape: SKELETAL
Height: 49'
Markings/Pattern: BLACK
Relationship to Other Structure: SEPARATE
Original Lens: FOURTH ORDER, FRESNEL 1858
Characteristic: Fixed red
Fog Signal: 

Historical Information:

Photographs:

MOBILE POINT REAR RANGE LIGHT

1822 MOBILE POINT LIGHT TOWER WITH RANGE LIGHTS

SAND ISLAND LIGHT

Location: Off Mobile Point south of Fort Morgan
Station Established: 1838
Year Current / Last Tower(s) First Lit: 1873
Operational: No
Automated: Yes, 1921
Deactivated: 1933
Foundation Materials: Stone
Construction Materials: Brownstone
Tower Shape: Conical
Height: 131'
Markings/Pattern: Unpainted Gothic tower with black lantern
Relationship to Other Structure: Separate
Original Lens: 1838: 14 lamps with 16-inch reflectors; 1859: First order Fresnel lens; 1862-63: Fourth order Fresnel lens; 1873: Second order Fresnel lens, now at at the Fort Morgan Museum.
Characteristic: Fixed white
Fog Signal: Bell struck by machinery every 20 seconds.

Historical Information:

Photographs:

Sand Island Light, circa 1859: (75 dpi); (300 dpi); Original caption: "SAND ISLAND."; photo dated 1859; no photo number; photo by "M. Fontaine."  This was one of a series of photos of various lighthouse stations taken by a contract photographer, M. Fontaine, for the Lighthouse Service in 1859.  This light tower was blown up 3-1/2 years after this image was taken.

Sand Island Light, 19th century: (75 dpi) ; (300 dpi); Original caption: "Taken from outer end of water jetty, sowing shore jetty in front of dwelling extending right and left."; no date/photo number; photographer unknown.

Sand Island Light, 1962: (75 dpi) ; (300 dpi); Original caption: "SAND ISLAND LIGHT, MOBILE BAY ALABAMA."; photo dated 26 February 1962; Photo No. 8CGD-022662-05; photographer unknown.

Sand Island Light, 1963: (75 dpi); (300 dpi); Original caption: "Sand Island Light [;] Near Mobile, Ala. Bay."; photo dated 7 August 1963; Photo No. 8CGD 080763-9; photo by "R. F. Gliniecki."


Note:

Much of the historical information included on this page was provided by Ms. Anne Puppa of the Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Lighthouse Society and we are grateful for her efforts.


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Last Modified 11/17/2014