ICE OPERATIONS

Including Operations in Alaska, Greenland, Antarctica, the Bering Sea, Domestic Icebreaking, Ice Policy and the International Ice Patrol

A  Bibliography



Table of Contents & Quick Links:

A)   Icebreakers (link will take you to a separate page)

B)   Icebreaking

C)   International Ice Patrol

D)   Polar/Arctic Policy, Expeditions, Explorations, Alaska & Bering Sea Patrols, & Polar Operations

E)   Misc.


B) Icebreaking

Articles:

Anderson, David B. "Breaking the Ice on Arctic Shipping." Proceedings of the Marine Safety Council 40 (Aug 1983), p. 206.

Bailey, C.W. "Some Notes on Icebreaking." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Jan-Feb 1971), pp. 13-26.

Baker, H. Charles. "Voyage of the Manhattan." Ocean Industry (Aug 1969), pp. 32-33.

"Bering Sea Operation - 1948." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (July 1948), pp. 94-97.

"Bering Sea Patrol [1939 season]."  Coast Guard Magazine (Mar 1939), p. 11.

Boyer, Dwight. "Had Enough Ice?" Cleveland Plain Dealer Sunday Magazine (Mar 14, 1971), pp. 18-22.

________. "Longer Season." Cleveland Plain Dealer Sunday Magazine (Jan 30, 1972), p. 407.

Braatz, George. "Operation Coal Shovel." Lorain, Ohio Blade Sunday Magazine (Feb 28, 1971), pp., 16, 18-19, 22-24.

Camp, Henry W. "Icebreaking Procedures on the Upper Chesapeake Bay." Marine Weather Log XXV (Mar-Apr 1981), pp. 71-78.

Castagnera, James O. "Icebreaking on the Great Lakes, Winter 1971." Inland Seas: Quarterly Journal of the Great Lakes Historical Society XXVII (Spring, 1971), pp. 46-49.

Chappell, Jeff. "'Breaking Up' is Hard to Do." Commandant's Bulletin (May 1991), p. 4.

Charleston, Maxwell S. "Moments on Ice." Officer Review 39, No. 3 (Oct 1999), pp. 4-6.

"Cities Warm, Ships Moving Thanks to Coast Guard Crews: Coldest Winter in Decades Freezes East Coast and Great Lakes..." Commandant's Bulletin (Apr 1994), pp. 2-5.

"Coast Guard Cutter Breaks Heaviest Ice in Scientific Tests." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Apr 1948), p. 27.

"Coast Guard Cutter [Northwind] Probes Siberian Waters." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Jul-Aug 1962), pp. 54-55.

"Coast Guard Will Operate All U.S. Icebreakers." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Sep-Oct 1965), p. 382.

"Cruising with the Mackinaw." Coast Guard Magazine (Dec 1949), pp. 29-31.

"Cutter [Mackinaw] Breaks Heaviest Ice..." Coast Guard Magazine (Apr 1948), p. 39.

Gallagher, Paul A. "MSC Ships Deliver Vital Supplies to Men on 'Ice'--Coast Guard Cuts Pain for Ships." Sealift (Mar 1971), pp. 7-9.

Gamp, Henry W. "Icebreaking Procedures on the Upper Chesapeake Bay." Proceedings of the Marine Safety Council 36 (Dec 1979), pp. 210-216.

Gaskill, Amy. "From Ice Comes Steel: Keeping Great Lakes Industries Running During the Harsh Midwest Winter."Coast Guard (Apr 1998), pp. 14-17.

"Good Things Come in Small Packages [USCGC Escanaba]." Coast Guard Magazine (Apr 1933), p. 9.

"Heavy Ice with the Chesapeake." Coast Guard Magazine (Mar 1936), p. 32.

Howes, Connie B. "They Race the Ice." Chicago Sunday Tribune Magazine (Nov 4, 1962), pp. 30-34.

"Icebreaker [Mackinaw] Battles to Free Great Lakes of Heavy Ice Jam..." Coast Guard Magazine (Mar 1946), p. 51.

"Icebreaking [Great Lakes]." Commandant's Bulletin (May 1992), pp. 44-47.

"Ice-breaking Operations." Coast Guard Magazine (Apr 1930), pp. 26-27.

"Ice Breaking Test on the USCC [sic] Sundew (WAGL-404)." Coast Guard Engineer's Digest 87 (Jul-Aug, 1954), pp. 48-49.

Imlay, Miles H. "First Exploration of Seward's Icebox." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Jul-Aug 1968), pp. 40-45.

"In the Cold with the Escanaba." Coast Guard Magazine (Feb 1937), p. 15.

"It's Nice in the Ice." Coast Guard Magazine (Apr 1936), p. 26.

"Lighthouse Tenders Assist in Breaking Ice." Lighthouse Service Bulletin II, No. 1 (Jan 2, 1918), p. 7.

"Mackinaw Tackles Ice Jam on Great Lakes." Coast Guard Magazine (Apr 1952), pp. 12, 14.

Moberg, Phillip B. "Domestic Icebreaking." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Mar-Apr 1962), pp. 70-75.

Morehead, Bob. "Ice Ops: Winter Comes Early to the 9th District." Commandant's Bulletin (Mar 1996), pp. 4-5.

"On the Lakes Crunching Ice: The U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Mackinaw." Time CXIII (Mar 19, 1979), p. 10.

"Only Two Polar Icebreakers Left!" Naval Institute Proceedings 115 (Oct 1989), pp. 84-88.

"Operation Ice Watch." Safety Maintenance XIII (Apr 1963), pp. 22-23, 25-26.

"Operation Nanook 52." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Nov 1952), pp. 174-177.

"Ossippee at Work." Coast Guard Magazine (May 1934), pp. 2, 14.

"Polar Sea Breaks Ice Record." Commandant's Bulletin (14 Jan 1980), p. 3.

Prina, L. Edgar. "The Cold Coast: The Coast Guard Faces Wintry Test on Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway System." Sea Power XX (Jan 1977), pp. 13-19.

Rodgers, G.F. "Loaded For Polar Bears." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Aug 1948), pp. 111-136.

Shea, Richard. "The Coast Guard's Tough Enemy: Ice." Transportation USA IV (Winter 1978), pp. 16-18.

Sherer, P.E. "Icebreaking on the Great Lakes." Coast Guard Engineer's Digest 182 (Jan-Feb-Mar 1974), pp. 38-47.

"Spring, the Great Lakes, the Ice Breaker Mackinaw." Coast Guard Magazine (July 1953), pp. 20-22.

"Springtime Chore for the Coast Guard: Opening the Great Lakes." Coast Guard Magazine (May 1956), pp. 15-21.

Stivenden, S.L. "The 'Might Mack,' Queen of the Great Lakes, Plays a Vital..." Coast Guard Magazine (July 1955), pp. 16-18.

"[USCGC] Storis Passage." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Jan-Feb 1958), pp. [???]

Thiele, E.H. "Need for Icebreakers in Support of Maritime Commerce." Proceedings of the Merchant Marine Council 16 (Dec 1959), pp. 236-239.

"USCGC Northwind (WAGB-282): Seattle Washington." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Jan-Feb 1964), pp. 62-67."

Venzke, Norman C. "Nobody Asked Me, But...Should the Coast Guard Stay in the Icebreaking Business?" Naval Institute Proceedings 118 (Dec 1992), pp. 97-98.

Waesche, R.R. "Cruise of the Northwind." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Nov-Dec 1961), pp. 53-55.

________. "A Report from the Arctic." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Mar-Apr 1962), pp. 70-75.

Wagner, D. "Winter Operations [Mackinaw]." Commandant's Bulletin (May 1992), pp. 48-49.

Waters, Harold. "Hell From the Heavens." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Sep-Oct 1966), pp. 363-371.

White, Lawrence A. "The Most Bitter Winter." Naval Institute Proceedings 104/5 (May 1978), pp. 158-169.

Zimmerman, Dwight Jon. "Maritime Mobility." The United States Coast Guard: The Shield of Freedom [ A Government Services Group periodical ] (2004), pp. 148-155.

Books & Government Publications:

Congressional Research Service. United States Coast Guard: Domestic and Polar Ice Operations Program. Report by Robert E. Morrison. Prepared for the Committee on Commerce, Science, & Transportation, United States Senate. Washington, GPO, 1982.

Polock, Arthur. Red Flannels and Green Ice. New York: Random House 1949.

United States Coast Guard. Domestic Ice Operations/Polar Ice Operations Program Plan: Fiscal Years 1982-1992. G-OMI. Washington: GPO, 1980.

________. Operations Division. Research and Statistics Section. Coast Guard Ice Breaking on the Great Lakes, 1942. Washington: U.S. Coast Guard, 1942.


Dissertations, Theses & Other Unpublished Sources

Jaeschke, Brian S. "Black Angels of the Ice: The History of Chartered Ice Breaking on the Great Lakes by the Rail Ferries Sainte Marie and Chief Wawatam"; MA Thesis, East Carolina University, 2003.


C) International Ice Patrol

**Our thanks to Duyane Alexander and Jeromy Sherrill for their assistance in updating this section on the International Ice Patrol.

Articles:

Agnew, David. " Latest Equipment Can 'See' Through Fog But Technology Still Not Accurate Enough." THE TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, June 1976.

"Airborne Oceanography", NAVAL OCEANOGRAPHY COMMAND NEWS, November/December 1985, p. 13.

Alexander, Duyane, "Indestructible Icebergs", MARINERS WEATHER LOG, December 2001, Volume 45 Number 3, pp.  4-7.

Alfultis, Michael, "Looking For Icebergs", MARINERS WEATHER LOG, April/May/June 1989, Volume 33, Number 2, pp.  2-6.

Allaire, Paul E. "Stability of Simply Shaped Icebergs." THE JOURNAL OF CANADIAN PETROLEUM, 1972, pp. 21-25.

Amann, R. F. "International Ice Patrol: While Duty Is Arduous, Men of the Chelan Go In For Mid-Ocean Sports."  U.S. Coast Guard Magazine (Aug 1939), pp. 18-20.

"Artist Records Coast Guard Iceberg Patrol."  LIFE  Vol. 8 (1940), pp. 130-131.

Arzt, Frederick, "Legal Chronology of International Ice Patrol", THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association). May 1952, pp. 4-11.

Associated Press, "Titanic Loss Greatest Ship-Iceberg Disaster", THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, January 31, 1959.

"Atlantic Patrol Hunts Icebergs." ATLANTA CONSTITUTION, Atlanta GA, March 19, 1976.

Baglole, Joel.  "Iceberg Cowboys: Protecting Oil Rigs from Titanic's Fate."  WALL STREET JOURNAL (May 16, 2002), pp. A1, A10.

Bamberger, Werner. "Large Group of Icebergs a Peril to Shipping in North Atlantic." THE NEW YORK TIMES, New York NY, May 11, 1972.

Barnes, Howard T.  "Experimenting with Icebergs."  MARINE OBSERVER  No. 4 (1927), pp. 93-98.

________.  "Ice Destruction."  MARINE OBSERVER  V, No. 59 (Nov 1928), pp. 234-237.

Bennett, Al, "Ice Patrol", COMMANDANT'S BULLETIN , June 1996, 10-13.

"Berg Holes Vessel", THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, May 27 1959.

"Berg Shepherds." REPORTER, Wellsville NC, May 3, 1976.

"Berg Shepherds." EVENING NEWS, Bridgton NJ, April 28, 1976.

"The Berg That Started Ice Patrol", THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), January/February 1967, p.  46.

"Berg Watchers Forecast Another Record Season." SOUNDINGS. August 1973.

Billard, F.C. "Where Are The Icebergs?" COAST GUARD MAGAZINE , September 1931, p. 3.

Bisset, J.G.  "Detecting Icebergs."  ST. NICHOLAS (Nov 1938), pp. 44-45.

Bonar, Samantha, "Ice Hunters", DISNEY ADVENTURES MAGAZINE, March 1994, pp.  52-54.

Bowerman, G.H., "Iceberg Hunt", POPULAR MECHANICS, April 1948, pp. 114-118, 284, 288.

Bowie, Edward H.  "Ice Patrol Over the North Atlantic Ocean."  MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW (Apr 1914), pp. 232-233.

Brewer, Brandon, "Icebergs", COMMANDANT'S BULLETIN , October 1997, pp.  18-21.

Brewer, Brandon, "A 'Titanic Job", SOUNDINGS, Hampton Roads VA Edition, February 25, 1998, pp.  24-25.

Brooke, James. "Patrol Keeps Vigilant Watch on Atlantic Icebergs." THE OREGONIAN. April 28, 1985.

Brooke, James. "Tracking Icebergs From Air Helps Save Ships and Lives." THE NEW YORK TIMES, New York NY, April 12, 1985, pp.  A1, B2.

Brooke, James. "Patrol Saves Ships and Lives As it Tracks Icebergs by Air." THE NEW YORK TIMES, New York NY, April 12, 1985, pp.  A1, B2.

Brown, Richard, "Big Bergs and Bergy-bits and Growlers from Baffin to Bermuda", CANADIAN GEOGRAPHIC, April/May 1989, pp.  50-59.

Budinger, Thomas F., "Iceberg Detection By Radar", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL, September 1960, Vol. 17 No. 9, pp. 152-156

Cason, Charlene, "The Iceberg Police", THE VIRGINIAN-PILOT AND LEDGER-STAR, Virginia North Carolina Edition, August 22,1995, pp.  A1, A4.

Cason, Charlene, "1,500 Chunks of Ice Must Be Tracked Each Year", THE VIRGINIAN-PILOT AND LEDGER-STAR, Virginia North Carolina Edition, August 22,1995, p.  A4.

Cavnar, John H., "Spotting the Big Ones", THE NEWARK NEWS SUNDAY MAGAZINE, Newark NJ, July 13, 1969.

Cheney, L.A.  "Oceanography for Ice Patrol."  THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), May, 1951, pp. 61-63.

Christian, Michael, "The International Ice Patrol", MARINERS WEATHER LOG, Winter 1990, pp.  8-10.

Cicalese, Michael A., "The Mourning of the Titanic", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MARINE SAFETY COUNCIL, April 1982, Vol. 39 No. 4, p. 131.

"Close Call for Plane." THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, April 15, 1975.

"Coast Guard Ice Patrol Marking 50th Anniversary", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, February 19, 1963, p.  12.

"Coast Guard Ice Patrol Wraps up 2001 Season", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, June 30, 2001, p.  C3 (?).

"Coast Guard Launches Its Ice Patrol", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, April 7, 2001, p.  B3.

"Coast Guard May Extend Iceberg Tracking Season." JOURNAL OF COMMERCE, July 6, 1973.

"Coast Guard Officer is Service Person of the Month", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, August 12, 1997, p.  B5.

"Coast Guard Plans to 'Bomb' Icebergs", NEW YORK TIMES, New York NY, February 26, 1967.

"Coast Guard Puts a Patrol 'On Ice'", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MARINE SAFETY COUNCIL, January 1982, Vol. 39 No. 1, pp. 12-15.

"Coast Guard to Mark Loss of the Titanic." THE BALTIMORE SUN, Baltimore MD Edition, April 14, 1972.

"Coast Guard Stalks Deadly Icebergs." PILOT. April 1976.

"Coast Guard Starts Ice Patrols." THE HERALD-NEWS, Passaic NJ, February 5, 1973.

"Coast Guard Starts Tracking Icebergs Earlier This Year." NORDISK TIDENDE DEN. February 8, 1973.

"Coast Guard Team Works to Avoid Repeat of Titanic Disaster."  READING EAGLE, May 5 2002, p. A-13.

"Coast Guard Uses Cutters to Track Iceberg Locations." NORDISK TIDENDE DEN, Mars 29, 1973.

Cooney, John E. "Ice Patrol Tracking 'Bergs' Steers Ships Off Collision Course." THE WALL STREET JOURNAL, New York NY, April 8, 1976, pp. 1, 24.

Cover Photo. GAZETTE , Governors Island NY, April 19, 1979.

Cover Photo, COAST GUARD , December 1999.

Dabney, Joseph. "Annual C-130 Iceberg Hunt Helps Avoid Another Titanic." SOUTHERN STAR, Lockheed-Georgia Company. September 1, 1983. Volume 33, Number 17. pp.  4-5.

Dabney, Joseph. "Seeing Icebergs With SLAR." COMMANDANTS BULLETIN. October 14, 1983. Issue 21-83. pp.  16-20.

Daddona, Patricia, "Earth Day Event Offers A Message of Accountability", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, April 23, 2001, pp.  B1, B2.

Damtoft, Walter A., "How Flying Patrols Track Down the Icebergs", THE NATIONAL OBSERVER, April 10, 1967, p. 14.

Dane, Michael, "Icehunters", POPULAR MECHANICS, October 1993, pp.  76-79,131.

"Demolishing Icebergs."  NAVIGATION MAGAZINE, March 1927, pp. 193-197.

"Depth Sounders Most Popular Electronic Aid; Essential for Navigation, Safety, Fishing." NEWS, Groton CT, April 21, 1977.

Desh, Robert. “Comment and Discussion”, PROCEEDINGS, March 2002, Vol. 128/3/1,189, pp. 14,16.

Desh, Robert.  "International Ice Patrol Has Close Historical Tie with Airport."  RUNWAYS, Vol. 3, No. 2, Winter 2002.

________.  "International Ice Patrol Remembers Titanic."  THE TITANIC COMMUTATOR, Vol. 26, No. 158 (2002), pp. 121-123.

Devlin, John C., "Fire Bombs Fail to Split Atlantic Iceberg in Test", NEW YORK TIMES, New York NY, June 11, 1959, pp. 1, 26.

________.  "Policing Iceberg Alley."  POPULAR MECHANICS, Vol. 112, April 1960, pp. 90-94, 232, 248, 278.

Dinsmore, R.P., "International Ice Patrol Studies Radar Detection of Ice", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL, May 1959, Vol. 16 No. 5, pp. 92-93.

Douthat, Strat.  "Coast Guard Patrol Tracks Icy Peril of the Seas."  THE DAY, October 14, 1992.

________.  "Groton Group Keeps Track of North Atlantic Icebergs", THE SUN, Westerly RI Edition, August 31, 1992, p.  7.

________.  "Ice Patrol Always on the Lookout for Icebergs", THE SUN HERALD, September 21, 1992, p.  A4

Drogin, Bob, "Iceberg Hunters Wreath Honors Victims of Titanic", LOS ANGELES TIMES, Los Angeles CA Edition, April 19, 1986, pp.  1, 12

Durgin, John. "Ice Patrol Keeps Tabs on Icebergs." SUNDAY BULLETIN, Norwich CT, November ,1983.

"Early Bergs Spotted By Coast Guard." SOUNDINGS. March 1973, p. 6.

"Early Iceberg Drifts Menace Atlantic Ships."  SEAFARERS LOG, March 29, 1957.

Easly, Owen. "Icebergs Appear Early in Atlantic Lanes." LEDGER-STAR, Norfolk VA Edition, March 20, 1972.

Easley, Owen, "Icebergs Can Be Beautiful, Even to CG Spotters", LEDGER-STAR, Norfolk VA Edition, December 16, 1968.

Easley, Owen, " Iceberg Crop Threatens Ships", LEDGER-STAR, Norfolk VA Edition, December 1968.

Edgerton, Ginny. "Ice Patrol at Home On Campus." THE COMPASS. May 2, 1984. Volume 2, Number 6. p.  18.

Edwards, Norman C. Jr., "Icebergs, Radar, and Airplanes: The International Ice Patrol", AMVER BULLETIN, number 2/1986, pp.  6-7.

Edwards, Steven, "You Are Here", EQUINOX, Canadian Edition, April 1996, p.  96.

"Efforts of Ice Patrol Backed by 30 Nations." THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, April 23, 1976.

Ellis, William S., "Tracking Danger With the Ice Patrol", NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, June 1968, Vol. 133 No. 6, pp. 780-793.

Engel, A. B. "On International Ice Patrol [1939]."  U. S. Coast Guard Magazine (Apr 1939), p. 6.

Ezman, Alfred, "The Icemen Cometh", AMVER BULLETIN, Number 1/92, pp. 13-17.

Faust, Al. "Birth of a Mission." Commandant's Bulletin (Apr 14 1980), pp. 6-7.

Frazier, Ian, “Terminal Ice”, OUTSIDE, October 2002, Vol. 27 Number 10, pp.79-88, 190-193.

Fusco, Elisa and Mike Hicks, "International Ice Patrol, 85 Years of Dedicated Service", AMVER BULLETIN, Spring, Issue 1-98, pp. 16-18.

Futch, Victoria.  "On Top of Icebergs: My Internship at the International Ice Patrol."  THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), October 2002, pp. 22-23.

Gardner, A. Newell, "Detecting Icebergs With Electronic Aids", THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), Spring 1959, pp. 35-38.

Gash, William, "Fiscal 'Mayday' From Coast Guard", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, June 9, 2001, p.  A7.

Geroux, Bill, "Ice Patrol", RICHMOND TIMES-DISPATCH, Richmond VA Edition, March 29, 2001, p.  A1.

Geroux, Bill, "Iceberg Hunters", RICHMOND TIMES-DISPATCH, Richmond VA Edition, March 29, 2001, pp.  C1, C4, C5.

Golay, Michael. "Ice Patrol Helps Keep Seas Safe." THE HARTFORD COURANT, Hartford CT, April 30, 1984. pp.  1, 10.

Greenwell, Arnold.  "Icebergs, Ice Picks and the International Ice Patrol."  THE SOUTHERN AVIATOR, July 1993, pp. 30-31, 40-41, 43.

Grogan H.E. and R.E. Wood, "Remember The Monster."  U. S. Coast Guard Magazine (Aug 1956), pp. 6, 40.

Guthrie, Bruce and Steve Tomajczyk, "The Iceman", PEOPLE WEEKLY, July 20, 1998, pp.  115-116.

Haber, George. "Some Icebergs Should Be Sunk!" THE SCIENCES. January/February 1974, pp. 6-11.

Haines, Robert, "The International Ice Patrol '94", MARINERS WEATHER LOG, Winter 1994, pp.  30-33

Hamilton, Keith, "City Will Never Forget", THE DAILY ECHO (March 19, 1998), p.  10.

Hamilton, Robert A.  "Coast Guard Ice Patrol Will Mark 90th Anniversary of Titanic Sinking."  THE DAY, New London CT Edition, April 13 2002, pp. C1-C2.

________.  "Forecasters Predicting a Light Iceberg Season", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, December 9, 2000, pp.  C1, C2.

________.  "Greenland Patrol of WWII Remembered By Coast Guard", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, May 19, 2001, p.  B3.

________.  "At Height of Summer, Coast Guard Patrol Focuses on North Atlantic Ice", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, August 4, 1997, pp.  A1, A5.

________.  "International Ice Patrol Ends Tough Season", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, July 19, 2002, pp.  C1, C3.

________.  "Patrol Honors Memory of Titanic Victims", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, April 14, 2001, pp.  C1, C2.

________.  "Spring Melt Means Big Bergs to Migrate Into Southern Waters."  THE DAY, New London CT Edition, December 10 2002, B1, B6.

Haven, Charles. "On The Cayuga." U. S. Coast Guard Magazine (May 1937), 10-12.

Hays, Karl and Eamon Power, "Ice Patrol", PROPLINER, Number 79, Summer 1999, pp.  32-36.

Healy, Lisa.  "The Battle of the Bergs."  SOUNDINGS: COAST GUARD EDITION, February 6 2002.

Hebbard, Gary and Keith Gosse, "Solemn 'Titanic Drop' Marks Birth and Death", THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, pp. 1, 2.

Hebbard, Jerry.  "Iceberg Watchers."  THE TELEGRAM, May 21 2002, p. A-4.

"Hectic Season for Ice Berg Hunters."  RUNWAYS, Vol. 3, No. 1, Fall 2002, p. 15.

"Hercules: Berg Watchers of the North Atlantic." LOCKHEED LIFE. August 1983. pp.  3-4

"Heritage." PROCEEDINGS OF THE MARINE SAFETY COUNCIL , April 1976. Vol. 33 No. 4, p. 73.

Hillier, Denise. "On The Ice Patrol. Can Predict 90 per cent Accuracy." THE BEACON, Gander Newfoundland Edition, August 22, 1984. p.  1, 6.

Holford, D. J. "Iceberg Hunters." POPULAR MECHANICS MAGAZINE, August 1971, pp. 75-78,95.

Humphrey, Theresa, "Titanic Historical Society Holds A Memorial Service", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, April 13, 1987, p.  B10.

Hunt, Geoff. "Patrol Putting Damper On Iceberg Menace. THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, May 28, 1977, p. 19.

"Hunting For Icebergs." BALTIMORE EVENING SUN, Baltimore MD, May 4, 1976.

Hutchison, Jim, "Newfoundland's Phantoms of Ice", READERS DIGEST CANADA, July 1996, pp.  88-92.

"I Don't Remember How I got Back to the Hotel." THE NEW LONDON DAY, New London CT, April 18, 1984. p.  13.

"Ice, Ice, Baby."  Coast Guard (Dec 2002), pp. 4-5.

"Ice Patrol."  United States Naval Institute Proceedings (March 1937), p. 452.

"The Ice Patrol." Coast Guard Magazine (Feb 1928), p. 20.

"Ice Patrol, 1939."  U. S. Coast Guard Magazine (Feb 1939), p. 15.

"Ice Patrol - 1970." Scope (Apr-May), pp. 13-14.

"Ice Patrol Base at Argentia Being Closed Down."  United States Naval Institute Proceedings (October 1966), p. 162.

"Ice Patrol Checking Atlantic." Bangor Maine News (March 19, 1976).

"Ice Patrol Conducts Daily Atlantic Vigil." THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St John's Newfoundland Edition, April 9, 1970, p. 31.

"The Ice Patrol: An International Safety Effort." AMVER BULLETIN. Number 2/1982.

"Ice Patrol Keeps Watch on Icebergs", NORWICH BULLETIN, Norwich CT, August 1992, p.  A4.

"Ice Patrol Marks 50th Birthday", THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), January/February 1963, p.  61.

"Ice Patrol Members Get Uniform 'Wings'", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, November 10, 2001, p.  B3

"Ice Patrol Moves into Argentia", ST. JOHN'S TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, March 27, 1961.

"Ice Patrol Notes Titanic Sinking."  THE DAY, New London CT Edition, April 15, 1985, pp. 29-30.

"Ice Patrol Skipper Speaks in Norway", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, November 17, 2001, pp.  C1, C2.

"Ice Patrol Starts Checking Atlantic Ocean." NEWS AND COURIER, Charleston SC, March 19, 1976.

"Ice Patrol Starts 1976 Berg Search." JOURNAL OF COMMERCE, March 19, 1976, p.  10.

"Ice Patrol Takes to Sea Again in Late Winter", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL, January 1965, Vol. 22 No. 1, pp. 30-31.

"Ice Patrol to Begin 55th Year of Work in the North Atlantic", NEW YORK TIMES, New York NY Edition, February 9, 1969.

"Ice Patrol's Cmdr. Desh Represents U.S. at Summit", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, October 7, 2000, p.  C3.

"Iceberg!", WEEKLY READER, Senior Edition, April 10, 1998, Issue 23, pp.  2-3.

"Iceberg Alert!", WEEKLY READER, March 13, 1998, Edition 4 Issue 20, pp.  4-5.

"Iceberg Alert! Patrol Keeps Ships Safe", WEEKLY READER, January 7, 1994, Volume 75, Issue 13, pp. 1, 2, 8.

"Iceberg Experts Predict Normal Season for 2002", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, December 15, 2001, p.  C1 (?).

"Iceberg Hunters, The." SURVEYOR, American Bureau of Shipping Edition, May 1973, Vol. III No. II, pp. 20-25.

"Iceberg Hunters of the North Atlantic, The." MARINER, United Kingdom, March-April 1976, pp. 144 -147.

"Iceberg Marking Effort Starts", THE GAZETTE, March 27, 1967, pp. 21.

"Iceberg Patrol." NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC WORLD. February 1984. Number 102. pp.  20-23.

"Iceberg Patrol Latest in It's History." COAST GUARD BULLETIN, August 1939, Volume 1, Number 2, pp. 9.

"Iceberg Patrol Report for 1973 is Released by the U.S. Coast Guard." THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE, New York NY, August 30, 1973.

"Iceberg Patrol Starts Again." LLOYDS LIST, London England, March 23, 1976.

"Iceberg Patrols See a Deadly Beauty." THE NEW YORK TIMES., New York NY, April 26, 1982. New York NY.

"Iceberg Season." LONG ISLAND PRESS, New York NY, March 19, 1976.

"Iceberg Season Comes to an End."  NEW YORK TIMES, May 3 1964.

"Iceberg Season Ends; Nearly 1,400 Bergs Menanced Shipping." NEW ERA, Deep River CT, September 18, 1974.

"Iceberg Theory Upset", NEW YORK TIMES, New York NY, May 23, 1912, pp. 2.

"Icebergs", AMVER BULLETIN , 2:69, pp. 8-10.

"Icebergs." PARADE. September 18, 1977, pp. 6.

"Icebergs." THE U.S. COAST GUARD , May 1934, Volume 7 Number 7, pp 4.

"Icebergs A Major Sea Peril", SEAFARERS LOG, March 3, 1967, pp. 9.

"Icebergs in the North Atlantic."  SCIENCE NEWS, Vol. 87, June 24, 1938, p. 8.

"Icebergs off Province Threatening Shipping." THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE, New York NY, October 9, 1974.

"Icebergs Still Threaten North Atlantic Shipping." THE GUARDIAN, June 29, 1973, pp 1.

"Icebergs Still Threaten N. Atlantic Shipping." LLOYD'S LIST, July 5, 1973.

"Icebergs Wreak Havoc For N. Atlantic Oil Rigs." JOURNAL OF COMMERCE, July 26, 1985.

"Icy Menace in the North Atlantic", LIFE MAGAZINE, April 22, 1957, pp. 54-57.

"International Ice Observation and Ice Patrol Service."  United States Naval Institute Proceedings No. 164 (1916), pp. 1300-1301.

"International Ice Observation and Ice Patrol Services, 1949", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL, April 1949, Vol. 6 No. 4, pp. 79-80.

"The International Ice Patrol."  THE WIRELESS PIONEER, 1973, pp. 1, 97-100.

"International Ice Patrol." COMMANDANTS BULLETIN (Apr 21 1980), p. 11.

"International Ice Patrol", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL, March 1947, Vol. 4 No. 3, pp. 48-49.

"International Ice Patrol", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL, February 1948, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 25.

"International Ice Patrol", THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), January/February 1962, pp. 43-44.

"International Ice Patrol." THE COAST GUARD RESERVIST , March-April 1977, Vol. XXIV, No. 3, pp.  8-9

"International Ice Patrol." GOVERNORS ISLAND GAZETTE , New York NY, November 16, 1973, pp. 1, 3.

"The International Ice Patrol", AMVER BULLETIN, Number 1/90, pp.  8-10.

"International Ice Patrol, The", AMVER BULLETIN  1:69, pp. 10-14.

"International Ice Patrol", U.S. NAVAL STATION ARGENTIA FOGHORN(U.S. Navy Publication), Argentia Newfoundland edition, April 4,1969, Vol. 10 No. 13.

"International Ice Patrol - 1948", THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), July/August 1948, pp. 136-138.

"International Ice Patrol - 1959", THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), August 1959, pp. s 54-58.

"International Ice Patrol, 1961", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL, March 1961, pp.39-40.

"International Ice Patrol, 1964", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL , March 1964, pp. 39-40.

"International Ice Patrol, 1968", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL , February 1968, Vol. 25 No. 2, pp. 24-27.

"International Ice Patrol 1968", THE NEWFOUNDLAND JOURNAL OF COMMERCE, May 1968.

"International Ice Patrol, 1969", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL , February 1969, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 23-25.

"International Ice Patrol 1977." PROCEEDINGS OF THE MARINE SAFETY COUNCIL , March 1977, Vol. 34, No. 3, pp. 48-50.

"International Ice Patrol Begins 2002 Ice Berg Checks." THE DAY, New London CT Edition, February 2, 2002, p. 7.

"International Ice Patrol and Ice Conservation Services, 1960", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL, March 1960, Vol. 17 No. 3, p. 47.

"'International Ice Patrol' Coast Guard Has Kept Northern Routes Safe for Past 57 Years." SEALIFT, April 1970, Vol. XX No. 4, pp. 9-11, 22.

"International Ice Patrol Honored for Historic Records", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, June 29, 2002, p.  B3.

"International Ice Patrol Operations."  NAV CANADA NEWS, Vol. 6, No. 10, December, 2002, p. 2.

"International Ice Patrol Prepares for Busy Season." AMVER BULLETIN  1/2:73, p. 2.

"International Ice Patrol Promotes Safer Navigation", AMVER BULLETIN, Number 1/94, pp.  15-18.

"International Ice Patrol Resumed", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL, March 1946, Vol. 3 No. 3, pp. 35-36.

"International Ice Patrol Services - 1970." PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL, , February 1970, Vol.27 No. 2., pp. 23-25.

"International Ice Patrol Service in the North Atlantic." PROCEEDINGS OF THE MERCHANT MARINE COUNCIL , March 1975, Vol.32 No.3, pp. 39-41.

"International Ice Patrol Service in the North Atlantic Ocean." PROCEEDINGS OF THE MARINE SAFETY COUNCIL , April 1976.Vol. 33 No. 4 pp. 66-69.

"International Ice Patrol Stationed at Summerside." THE GUARDIAN, Charlottetown Price Edward Island Edition, May 6, 1970, p. 2.

"Int'l Ice Patrol Season Ends." AMVER BULLETIN, 9/10:73, p. 9.

Jones, Andrew. "Find Iceberg No. 827!" READERS DIGEST. October 1976. pp 183-187.

Jones, David, "International Ice Patrol - A Team Effort", NAVAL OCEANOGRAPHY COMMAND NEWS (U. S. Navy Publication), May 1993, pp.  17, 21.

Jones, Jennifer.  "MACS Personnel Assist with International Ice Patrol."  THE CONTACT, Vol. 37, No. 23, June 7, 2002, p. 1.

"Just Like Bacon."  THE NEW YORKER, July 23, 1949, pp. 16-17.

Kaplan, H. R., "International Ice Patrol - Legacy of the Titanic", SCIENCE WORLD, April 14, 1967, Vol. 14 No. 10, pp 10-12.

Keeley, Martin. "Experts Follow Floating Menaces." OFFSHORE. August 1981. pp.  54, 57, 61-62, 66.

Kelly, Larry, "Groton Ice Patrol Serves World", THE RESIDENT, Groton CT Edition, June 10-23, 1998, pp.  4, 28.

Kenward, Rachel, "International Ice Patrol in 88th Year", OCEAN NAVIGATOR, May/June 2001, Issue Number 114, pp. 15, 18.

Kenward, Rachel and Chris Strong, "International Ice Patrol", MARINERS WEATHER LOG, April 2001, Volume 45, Issue Number 1, pp.  4-8.

Koch, Felix J. "Riding Out Dangerous Seas Aboard the International Ice Patrol of the U.S. Coast Guard." Coast Guard Magazine (Mar 1928), pp. 26-27, 29.

Lester, Marianne. "Searching For Icebergs." THE TIMES MAGAZINE (Supplement to the Navy Times), July 12, 1976. pp. s 10-14, 16.

“Les Vaisseaux de Glace”, LES DEBROUILLARDS, June/July 2002, Number 215, pp. 16-17

"Longest Ice Patrol."  U. S. Coast Guard Magazine (Oct 1939), p. 12.

London, Sol. " 60th Anniversary of Titanic Tragedy Today as Ice Patrol Aircraft Safeguard Sealanes."  Lockheed Corporate Headquarter (press release), Burbank CA, April 14, 1972.

"LT. CMDR. Stephen R. Osmer..." The Union Leader (Manchester, NH Edition, July 24, 1986).

Markle, Sandra. "Iceberg Alley", Instructor Feb 1986), pp. 93-95.

Marks, Steven. "Coast Guard Tracks Icebergs in Grand Banks."  The Compass 27, No. 59 (February 15, 1984), p. 12.

"The Marion Oceanographic Expedition." THE SCIENTIFIC MONTHLY, April 1930, Volume XXX, pp. 381-384.

Massaro, John J. "Depth Sounder in 1912: No Such Thing." HARTFORD COURANT, Hartford CT, September 27, 1974.

Matheny, Norman. "In Search of Giant Icebergs." CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR. May 7, 1976.

McKenna, Larry, "Islands of Ice", OCEAN NAVIGATOR, March/April 1998, pp.  79-80, 82-86.

Miley, N. L., "Iceberg Research and Survey Patrols," The Bulletin (Nov/Dec 1965), pp. 409-416.

Miller, James Nevin, "Coast Guard Lays a Ghost", MECHANIX ILLUSTRATED, February 1947, pp. 56-58, 88.

Miller, Martin, "Iceberg Dead Ahead", LOS ANGLES TIMES, Los Angles CA Edition, April 15 1998, pp.  E1, E2, E3.

"Mission North Atlantic." VIA PORT OF NEW YORK, February 1974, pp. 6-9.

Moffatt, Bill. "The Icebergs are Coming!  The Icebergs are Coming! But we are ready." STAR WEEKLY SUNDAY SUPPLIMENT, National Canada Edition, May 15, 1970.

Moffatt, Bill. "Role of Ice-Patrol Outlined at CFB S'side." THE JOURNAL PIONEER, Price Edward Island Edition, May 5, 1970.

Mooney, Michael, "Titanic Gone, But Not for Gotten", AMVER BULLETIN, Number 1/92, p.  40.

Mooney, Michael, "A Titanic Memorial", MARINERS WEATHER LOG, Winter 1992, pp.  18-20.

Morgan, Charles W. "Keeping Track of Labrador's Icebergs". 1970.

Morris, Bill, "My Best Photos for PS", POPULAR SCIENCE, September 1962.

Morrison, Donald McG., "Oceanography - A Traditional Function of the U.S. Coast Guard", 1962.

Mulcahy, Michael. "Mission Impossible: International Ice Patrol." SEA TECHNOLOGY. June 1976. pp. 26-28.

Muro, Mark, "Danger in the North Atlantic", THE SUNDAY BOSTON GLOBE, May 11, 1986, pp.  95, 100.

Murphy, Donald, "Tracking Killer 'Bergs", THE POLAR TIMES, Spring-Summer 1996, pp.  3, 4.

Murray, J. J., "Ice Patrol - A Titanic Legacy", MARINERS WEATHER LOG, Winter 1992, pp.  21-2.

NAVAL AFFAIRS, January 2004, Vol. 83 Number1, cover photo

Neely, Elizabeth, "Titanic Remembered", COMMANDANT'S BULLETIN, Issue 11-87, May 22, 1987, p.  23.

"New Device for Iceberg Hunt."  United States Naval Institute Proceedings  (May 1966), p. 166.

"New Radar Being Tested for Liferaft Detection." THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, April 25, 1985, Volume 106, Number 19.

Noble, Dennis L. and K. M. Palfrey, "Even The Officers Where Sick", THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), January/February 1975, pp. 37-40.

"Not Forgotten", COLUMBUS DISPATCH, April 1998.

"On The Ice Patrol." U.S. COAST GUARD MAGAZINE , August 1930, Vol. 3, No. 10, p. 12.

Osmer, Stephen R. "The Aerial Ice Patrol: No More Titanics!" United States Naval Institute Proceedings  (March 1976), pp. 102-106.

Osmer, Stephen, "Crossing Boarders in the Ice Hunt", COMMANDANT'S BULLETIN, Issue 11-87, May 22, 1987, pp.  24-27.

Osmer, Stephen, "Tracking Icebergs and More", COMMANDANT'S BULLETIN, Issue 17-87, September 30, 1987, pp.  12-13.

Osmer, Stephen, "International Ice Patrol Hunting Icebergs for 75 Years", COMMANDANT'S BULLETIN, March 31, 1988, pp.  29-31.

Osmer, Stephen, "International Ice Patrol", NOC NEWS, March/April 1988, pp.  16-17.

Papier, Deborah, "Scoping The Scene in Iceberg Alley", INSIGHT, May 8, 1989, pp.  54-55.

Pazniokas, Mark, "Iceberg Season", THE HARTFORD COURANT, Hartford CT Edition, April 2, 1996, pp.  E1, E3.

Pazniokas, Mark, "Specialists Chart Annual Migration of Hazardous Icebergs", THE SEATTLE TIMES, Seattle WA Edition, April 21, 1996.

Phillips, Jim. "Keeping An Eye On Growlers." THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, May 27, 1978, pp 17.

Piscitelli, Tony. "On An Annual Hunt for Icebergs." THE SUNDAY REPUBLICAN MAGAZINE, Waterbury CT, July 1, 1984, pp.  1, 3-5.

"Queensgarth", THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, 09 May 1960.

"Radar", AIR SEA RESCUE BULLETIN, April 1946, Vol. III, No. 4, pp. 1-12.

Rancourt, Linda, "Patrol Charts Icebergs' Path", THE DAY, New London CT Edition (April 12, 1987), pp.  H1, H2.

Rancourt, Linda. "Coast Guard takes to Air to Keep Shipping Lanes Safe." THE NEW LONDON DAY, New London CT (April 18, 1984), pp.  13, 14.

Rancourt, Linda. "Coast Guard Transport Plane Skids off Runway." THE NEW LONDON DAY, New London CT, March 1985.

Rancourt, Linda. "International Ice Patrol: Iceberg Trackers Now Headquartered in Groton." THE NEW LONDON DAY, New London CT, November 1983.

Rancourt, Linda. "On Ice/ Patrol Tracks Big Floes From 8,000 Feet." THE NEW LONDON DAY, New London CT, April 17, 1984. pp.  9-10.

Rancourt, Linda. "Remembrance. Ice Patrol Plane Pays Tribute Over a Grave At Sea." THE NEW LONDON DAY, New London CT, April 16, 1984. pp. 1, 10.

"Re-establishment of International Ice Patrol", THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), April 1946, pp. 2-4.

"Remembering."  THE DAY, New London CT Edition, April 16, 2002.

Rezori, Azzo. "U.S. Coast Guard Vessel Running Into Unexpected", THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St John's Newfoundland Edition, May 1986.

Ricketts, N. G., "Iceberg Ho! Part 1", AIR SEA RESCUE BULLETIN, March 1946, Vol. III, No. 3, pp. 1-8.

Ricketts, N. G., "Iceberg Ho! Part 2", AIR SEA RESCUE BULLETIN, April 1946, Vol. III, No. 4, pp. 33-40.

Robinson, Gregory, "The Big Chill", FIRST WORD (First Coast Guard District Publication), June 1991, pp.  8-11.

Robinson, Gregory, "Ice Patrol- Coast Guard Tests New Iceberg-tracking Radar", COMMANDANT'S BULLETIN , July 1991, pp.  38-39.

Rodriguez-Florido, Lourdes, "Ice Patrol Commemorates Historic Titanic Sinking", THE DAILY ADVANCE, Elizabeth City NC Edition, April 27, 1997, pp.  1A, 7A.

Ruffman, Alan.  "Of Bergy Bits and Growlers."  SCIENCE, Vol. 192, April 2, 1976, p. 7.

Ryan, Michael.  "Iceberg Wranglers."  SMITHSONIAN, February 2003, pp. 80.83.

"Sailor Beware!" THE NEW YORK TIMES, New York NY, Editorial, May 17, 1972.

Sargent, Colin. "Springtime Is Iceberg Season!" Fathom: Surface Ship and Submarine Safety Review. Spring 1982. p.  2-6.

Schwartz, Jerry.  "Fired Up Over Finding Icebergs."  THE SEATTLE TIMES, May 6, 2002, p. A-5.

________.  "Iceberg Hunters."  THE PATRIOT LEDGER, May 11-12, 2002, p. 28.

________.  "Ice Patrol Watch Keeps Seas Safe."  THE SAGINAW NEWS, May 11, 2002, p. D-2.

________.  "Patrol Scours Ocean in Hunt for Icebergs."  AKRON BEACON JOURNAL, May 5, 2002, p. A-12.

Schwartz, Werner, "U.S. Coast Guard to Start Iceberg Patrol March 10", THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, March 6, 1967.

"Sea Patrol Plots Migration Of Icebergs", THE OAKLAND TRIBUNE, Oakland CA Edition, April 7, 1996, pp.  A20.

"Search for Icebergs." OBSERVER REPORTER, Washington PA, May 10, 1976.

"Search for Icebergs Led to Depth Sounders." GONDOLIER, Fort Lauderdale FL, December 1974.

"Season of Iceberg Tracking Ends", COAST GUARD , September 2001, p.  7.

Seely, Bruce. "Coast Guard Maintains Lookout to Clear Atlantic Shipping Lanes." DAILY ADVANCE, Elizabeth City North Carolina Edition, May 31, 1970.

Seely, Bruce. "Purpose of Ice Patrol Outlined." THE JOURNAL PIONEER, Prince Edward Island Edition, May 14, 1970.

Seymour, Eric A., "Looking For An Iceberg", THE ATLANTIC ADVOCATE, February 1961, pp. 43-48.

Sherk, Susan. "The Iceberg Watch." Newfoundland TV Facts, St. John's Newfoundland, March 4, 1980. p.  6.

Shubow, Leo, "Some Memories of Titanic", BOSTON PICTORIAL REVIEW, Boston MA, May 13, 1962.

Shubow, Leo. "With the Ice Patrol", BOSTON TRAVELER, Boston MA Edition, April 14, 1937.

Shubow, Leo. "Storm-Buffeted Schooner Towed Safely Into Harbor." BOSTON TRAVELER, Boston MA Edition, May 25, 1953.

Shubow, Leo. "Chilly Hunt thrill To Oceanographic Staff." BOSTON TRAVELER, Boston MA Edition, May 26, 1953.

Shubow, Leo. "Guardsmen Hold Breath as Ship Clears Ledge." BOSTON TRAVELER, Boston MA Edition, May 27, 1953.

"Since 'Titanic' No Ship Has Hit A Berg, Coast Guard Ice Patrol Can Take A Bow", U. S. COAST GUARD MAGAZINE , April 1956, Volume 29, Number 6, pp. 20-22, 40, 42.

"Since 1972, The Tradition Continues", THE TITANIC COMMUTATOR, Volume 25 Number 154, p. 109.

"Sinking of the Titanic Recalled In Greenwich." THE DAILY ITEM, Port Chester NY, April 17, 1977.

"Small Unit, Big Mission: The 'Berg Hunters", RUNWAYS (St. John's Newfoundland Airport News Letter), Spring/Summer 2001, Volume 2 Number 7, pp. 14-15.

Smith, Donald A. "Purposeful Expedition." NAVY TIMES. 1 July 1970.

Smith, Edward H. "The International Ice Patrol." MARINE AGE (Mar 1939), p. 11.

________. "The North Atlantic Ice Menace and the Work of Protection Conducted by the U.S. Coast Guard." U. S. NAVAL INSTITUTE PROCEEDINGS (May 1929), pp. 393-405.

Smith, Jim, "Air Patrol Charts Path of Killer Ice", THE NEWS AND OBSERVER, February 16, 1969.

Snyder, Betty. "Searching the Atlantic For Frozen Danger." NAVY TIMES. 18 June 1975, pp. 17, 30.

"Some People Save Ships", WEEKLY READER, March 7, 1986, Edition 2, Volume 55, Issue 21, p. 1.

Spencer, Duncan. "Atlantic's Ice Patrol: Guard Against Menacing Beauty." THE SUNDAY STAR, Washington DC Edition, March 22, 1970, p. D3.

Stathos, Harry. "Iceberg Season Bumps Into Spring." DAILY NEWS. March 19, 1976.

Steadham, Edward, "Iceberg Patrol", THE BRIDGEPORT POST, Bridgeport CT Edition, June 13, 1988, pp. 33, 35.

Stewart, Blanche Evans and Edward J. Kruska, "The Titanic and the Birth of the International Ice Patrol", THE COAST GUARD RESERVIST , April 1997, p. 16.

Stewart, Blanche Evans and Edward J. Kruska, "The Titanic and the Birth of the International Ice Patrol", THE TITANIC COMMUTATOR, August-October 1997, pp. 42-43.

"Survey to Probe Radar Detection of Icebergs", THE BULLETIN (Coast Guard Alumni Association), Spring 1959, pp. 34-35.

Thayer, Neal, "Ice Patrol is 76", PROCEEDINGS OF THE MARINE SAFETY COUNCIL, July/August 1990, pp. 9-11.

"THS, Ice Patrol Pay Tribute to TITANIC's Dead." THE TITANIC COMMUTATOR, September 1976. Vol. II No. 13, pp. 3, 5-6, 8-9.

Thomas, Tony, "Danish Vessel Hits Berg; 'They Can Last 60 Seconds'", THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, January 31, 1959.

"Titanic Buffs Mark Sinking." THE REPORTER DISPATCH, White Plains NY, April 17, 1977.

"Titanic is Remembered, The." THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, April 15, 1975.

"Titanic Memorial Trip Delayed", THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, April 16, 1987.

"Titanic Tribute", THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, April 15, 1997, p. 4.

"Titanic Wreath Drop Still On Hold", THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, April 20, 1987.

"Tracking Bergs." TIMES, Reading PA, March 12, 1979.

"Tracking Icebergs." THE NEW YORK TIMES, New York NY, January 30, 1979.

"Tracking Icebergs", SCHOLASTIC NEWS, Edition 3, January 25, 1991, p. 4.

"Tracking The Bergs." COSMOPOLITE HERALD, Girard PA, March 7, 1979.

"Tragedy Remembered." THE DAILY NEWS, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, April 15, 1975, p.10.

Turnbull, Jim, "Coast Guard Patrols Iceberg Alley", NAVAL AVIATION NEWS, January-February 2001, pp. 26-29.

Tuxhorn, R.  "Ice Patrol."  AMVER BULLETIN, No. 2-95, p. 28.

________.  "Tracking Iceberg Danger", MARINERS WEATHER LOG, Fall 1995, pp. 29-34.0

“US Coast Guard; The 2002 International Ice Patrol Season Opened on 19 February”, MSS5000 NEWS

"U.S. Coast Guard Inaugurates Aerial Ice Survey", THE BULLETIN, October 1948, pp. 190-191.

"U.S. Coast Guard to Commemorate 72nd Anniversary of Titanic Sinking." THE BEACON, Gander Newfoundland edition, April 11, 1984, Volume 26, Number 15.

"U. S. Ice Patrol to Operate From CFB S'side." THE JOURNAL PIONEER, Prince Edward Island Edition, April 28, 1970.

Wainright, Sam C. "Science Professor Visits the International Ice Patrol." THE BULLETIN (Oct 2004), pp. 33-34.

"Warning on Icebergs Issued by Coast Guard." JOURNAL OF COMMERCE, Prince Edward Island Edition, April 8, 1974.

"Weather Channel to Spotlight Ice Patrol", THE DAY, New London CT Edition, October 28, 2000, p.  C1.

Wellman, Jim, "Ice Castles and the Titanic", DOWNHOMER, Newfoundland Canada Edition, June 2000, Volume 13 Number 1, pp.  12-15.

Wheless, Al. "Airports Long Way Apart." VIRGINIAN-PILOT. September 1971.

Wheless, Al. " 'Free Life' Target of Ice Patrol." VIRGINIAN-PILOT. (27?) September 1971.

Whitney, Scott.  "Air Station Begins Ice Patrols."  COAST GUARD, March 2002, p. 7.

Wilford, John Noble. "Iceberg Patrol Carries Out A Hazardous, Tedious Task." NEW YORK TIMES, New York NY, April 23, 1976. pp. 37, 40.

Witt, Howard, "Stalking Bergy Bits", CHICAGO TRIBUNE, Chicago IL Edition, April 13, 1989, pp.  1, 17.

Wolf, H. H. "The Iceberg Was A Monster", U. S. COAST GUARD MAGAZINE , June 1956, Volume 29, Number 8, pp. 25, 55.

Worth, L.D., "CGd Responds to Record Iceberg Flow." NAVY TIMES. October 4, 1972, p. 28.

"Wreath Drop Still Delayed", THE WEEKEND EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, April 18, 1987.

"Wreath to Mark Titanic Sinking", NEWARK STAR-LEDGER, Newark NJ, April 14, 1972, pp 10.

"Wreck of the Notting Hill, 1884." THE EVENING TELEGRAM, St. John's Newfoundland Edition, May 28, 1974.

Wuethrich, Bernice, "Lack of Icebergs Another Sign of Global Warming?", SCIENCE, Volume285, July 2 1999, p. 37.

Zeusler, F.A., "Standing Iceberg Guard in the North Atlantic", THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, July 1926, Vol. L No. 1, pp. 1-28.


Books & Government Publications:

Anderson, Madelyn K. Iceberg Alley. New York: Julian Messner 1976. [Juvenile]

Bell, Kensil. Ice Patrol: Jim Steele’s Adventures with the U.S. Coast Guard. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1937.

Bertholf, E.P. Reports of Vessels on Ice Patrol in the North Atlantic Ocean. April, May, June, 1913. Washington: GPO, 1913.

Chapman, Allen. The Radio Boys with the Iceberg Patrol or Making Safe the Ocean Lines. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1924. Juvenile.

Dyson, James L. The World of Ice. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1962.

Floherty, John J. White Terror: Adventures with the Ice Patrol. New York: J.B. Lippincott Company 1947.

Green, Richard Cortis.  Ice Patrol [An illustrated narrative recounting the 1938 International Ice Patrol]. By the author, 2005.

Morrison, Robert E. "Marine Science Activities Program: International Ice Patrol," in U.S. Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service. United States Coast Guard: Prepared for the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, United States Senate. 97th Cong., 2nd sess. Washington: GPO, 1982. pp. 187-198.

Poole, Lynn and Gray Poole. Danger! Icebergs Ahead! New York: Random House 1961.

Pritchett, Clark W. Economic Value of the International Ice Patrol. Groton, CT: U.S. Coast Guard Research and Development Center, January 1997.

Shannon, Terry and Charles Payzant. Ride the Ice Down! U.S. and Canadian Icebreakers in the Arctic Sea. San Carlos: Golden Gate Junior Books, 1970. Juvenile.

Shubow, Leo. Iceberg Dead Ahead! Boston: Bruce Humphries, Inc., Publishers, 1959.

United States. Coast Guard. Public Information Division. International Ice Patrol. Washington: GPO, 1956.

________. Department of Transportation. Coast Guard. Report of the International Ice Patrol in the North Atlantic Season of 1967. Bulletin No. 53. CG-188-22. Washington: GPO, 1969. [Hereafter published seasonally]

________. Treasury Department. Revenue Cutter Service. Reports of Vessels on Ice Patrol in the North Atlantic Ocean. [R.C.S. Bulletin No. 1: April, May, June, 1913; R.C.S. Bulletin No. 3: From February to August 1914]. Washington: GPO, 1913-1915.

________.________. U.S. Coast Guard. International Ice Observation and Ice Patrol Service in the North Atlantic Ocean From February to July 1915. Bulletin No. 5. Washington: GPO, 1916.

________.________.________.International Ice Observation and Ice Patrol Service in the North Atlantic Ocean, Seasons of 1916 and 1919. Bulletin No. 7. Washington: GPO, 1920.

________.________.________.International Ice Observation and Ice Patrol Service in the North Atlantic Ocean, Season of 1920. Bulletin No. 8. Washington: GPO, 1920. [Hereafter published annually through 1941; publication resumed in 1946 and continued through 1959. The service then became known as the International Ice Patrol.]

________.________.________.Report of the International Ice Patrol Service in the North Atlantic Ocean-[Season of 1960]. Publication CG-188. Washington: GPO, 1961. [Hereafter published annually]

United States Congress. Senate. Hearings on Titanic Disaster, to Investigate Collision of White Star Liner with Iceberg and Rescue of Passengers, Officers and Crew by Steamer Carpathia. S. Doc. 726, 62nd Cong., 2nd sess., 1912, Serial 6167.


D)   Expeditions, Exploration, Alaska & Bering Sea patrols, Polar Operations

Articles:

Aitkens, Steve. "Deep Freeze '93." Commandant's Bulletin (Apr 1993), pp. 41-41.

"Aleutian Voyage." Coast Guard Magazine (Oct 1937), p. 31.

Allard, Dean C. "To the North Pole!" Naval Institute Proceedings 113 (Sep 1987), pp. 56-65.

Atzinger, Jack. "The Story of an Arctic Circle Crossing." Coast Guard Magazine 19 (Jan 1946), pp. 50-52.

"To Baffin Bay, Cutter Marion, Commanded by Lieutenant Commander Edward H. Smith, U.S.C.G., Makes Trip to Study Ice Origins in Northern Waters." Coast Guard Magazine (Aug 1928), pp. 14-15.

Barber, Robert F. "Mercy Mission in the Far North." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Sep/Oct 1983), pp. 35-37.

Barlow, G.W. "A Twenty Thousand Mile Cruise in the Pacific." Coast Guard Magazine (Dec 1953), pp. 33-39.

Barnett, Glenn R. "Operation Deep Freeze." Navigator XIX (Jan 1972), pp. 2-4.

Bartlett, Charles H. "Oceanographic Cruise of the General Greene." Coast Guard Magazine (Dec 1932), p. 20.

Baumbaugh, Daniel E. "Alaska Veterans of the United States Coast Guard." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (June 1999), pp. 31-32.

Benham, Thomas W. "On the Old Cutter Rush in Alaska." Coast Guard Magazine (June 1931), p. 4.

[Bering Sea] Sweeny, Gerald E. "Cruise of the Hermes." Coast Guard Magazine 15 No. 2 (Dec 1941), p. 42.

[Bering Sea] "Cruise of the Aurora."  Coast Guard Magazine 14 No. 4 (Feb 1941), p. 40.

Bertholf, Ellsworth P. "The Rescue of the Whalers: A Sled Journey of 1600 Miles in the Arctic Regions." Harper's New Monthly Magazine (June, 1899).

Billeaudeaux, Andrew. "Deep Freeze." Commandant's Bulletin (May 1990), pp. 1-6.

Bingman, C.E. "At Sea On the Angel of the Arctic [Northland]." Coast Guard Magazine (Apr 1932), pp. 5-6, 34; (May 1932), pp. 9, 45-48.

Birkett, J.F. "Land of the Midnight Sun." Naval Institute Proceedings 55 (May 1929), p. 432.

Boerner, O.F. "Coast Guard Cutter Eastwind Crosses Arctic Circle. Polar Bear Initiation, the Right Way!" Coast Guard Magazine (Dec 1955), pp. 6-8.

Brigham, Lawson W. "Project NEWP..." Commandant's Bulletin (May 1994), pp. 31-33.

________. "The Russians Open the Arctic for Business." Naval Institute Proceedings 119 (Jan 1993), pp. 92-93.

Brown, Jesse K. "Lonely Guardians of the North." Technical World 22 (Feb 1915), pp. 900-904.

Byrd, Richard E. "The All-Out Assault on Antarctica." National Geographic Magazine CX (Aug 1956), pp. 141-180.

________. "Our Navy Explores Antarctica." National Geographic Magazine XCII (Oct 1947), pp. 429-455.

Campbell, W. "A Shaky Shaft or...Why the Eastwind Didn't Go to Glasgow." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (May-June 1969), pp. 27-31.

"A [John C.] Cantwell Letter." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Jan-Feb 1966), pp. 32-37.

Cantwell, John C. "Captain Healy’s Reindeer." The Marine Corps Gazette (May 1935), pp. 26-29, 58-60.

________. "'Reindeer!' The Story of the Introduction of Domestic Reindeer to Alaska from Siberia by the U.S. Coast Guard..." Coast Guard Magazine (Mar 1935), pp. 1-2, 37-40.

"Cayuga Right on the Job [evacuates nationals from Spain]." Coast Guard Magazine (Sep 1936), p. 21.

"CGC Kalmath off on Bering Sea Patrol." Coast Guard Magazine (Aug 1955), p. 24.

Charleston, Maxwell S. "Greenland: Land of Awe and Grandeur." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Oct 1997), pp. 26-27.

Clark, Edward F. "The Coast Guard in Alaska." Coast Guard Magazine (Apr 1941), p. 30.

Carlson, W.S. "Ice Survey by the U.S. Coast Guard." Science CLXVIII (Apr 17, 1970), pp. 396-397.

Clevenger, Mark T. "Polar Sea on Patrol in 1979." Naval Institute Proceedings 105(Dec 1979), pp. 119-120.

"Coast Guard [icebreaker Eastwind] Assists in Arctic Trip." Coast Guard Bulletin VIII, 7 (Jan 1953), p. 149.

"Coast Guard Icebreaker [Eastwind] Sails Within 445 Miles of [North] Pole to Set Record." Coast Guard Bulletin VI, 4 (Oct 1950), p. 46.

"The Coast Guard in Northern Waters." Naval Institute Proceedings 76 (Jan 1950), pp. 76-85.

"Coast Guard to Participate in Antarctic Expedition." Coast Guard Bulletin II, 1 (July 1939), p. 5.

Cocke, Albert K.  "The Log of the Bear."  The Torch (Jan 1969), pp. 13-18.

"Cold Challenge to Courage." Naval Aviation News (Dec 1955), pp. 1-7.

Compton, Roy, Jr. "International Ice Operations." Commandant's Bulletin (Jan 22 1988), p. 39.

Coonse, Timothy. "The Star's the Limit: The Journey of the Coast Guard Icebreaker Polar Star Around the World - The Hard Way." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (May/June 1983), p. 45.

Crawford, Edward. "Attu, the Land of Wind and Snow." Coast Guard Magazine (Oct 1955), pp. 12-13.

"The Cruise of the Kukui." Coast Guard Bulletin IV, 8 (Feb 1949), pp. 90-92.

"The Cruise of the Unalga [Bering Sea Patrol]." Coast Guard Magazine (Jan 1928), p. 30.

Crutcher, Kenneth E. "With the Northwind on the Bering Sea Patrol." Coast Guard Magazine (Jan 1949), pp. 18-19.

Daly, R. W. "The Paraguayan Expedition, 1858-9." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (May 1942), pp. 39-42.

"'Deep Freeze,' the Eastwind's Role in Antarctic Seas." Coast Guard Magazine (Mar 1956), pp. 13-16.

"Deep Freeze '80 Ends." Commandant's Bulletin (Mar 31 1980), p. 3.

DeOtte, D.F. "The Northland Makes Good [ in polar ice ]." Coast Guard Magazine (Aug 1928), p. 18.

Devilbiss, Andy. "Northern Exposure: The CGC Polar Sea Summers in the Arctic." Coast Guard (Oct 1996), pp. 28-31.

Dirschel, John. "The Winter Cruise of Polar Sea." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Nov/Dec 1981), pp. 25-30.

"Duane's Alaskan Cruise." Coast Guard Magazine (Oct 1939), p. 37.

"Eastwind on Arctic Expedition." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Sep 1948), p. 171.

"Eastwind Completes Antarctic Tour." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Mar-Apr 1963), pp. 53-54.

"Eastwind Gathers Oceanic Data in Antarctica." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Jan-Feb 1963), pp. 59-60.

Egli, Dane S. "North to Alaska." Naval Institute Proceedings 107 (Dec 1981), pp. 125-126.

Ehrman, Willie. "Cruise of the Northland." Coast Guard Magazine (Dec 1940), p. 40.

Fagan, John J. "A Star's Journey." Commandant's Bulletin (Mar 31 1988), pp. 32-35.

"First Attempt to 'Circle the Arctic' Gets Icy Reception from Soviets." Sealift (Nov 1967), pp. 14-15.

Ford, A.B. "Polar Star: Deepfreeze 81." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (May-June 1981), pp. 29-30.

Frooks, Dorothy. "Alaska-America's Attic...'Coast Guard Country' in the Far North." Coast Guard Magazine (May 1940), pp. 12-15.

Gabbett, Cecil M. "'We Tackle Anything!'" Coast Guard Proves to be Doctor, Postman, Preacher, Policeman, Judge, & Jury [Bering Sea Patrol]." Coast Guard Magazine (Feb 1931), pp. 10-13, 15.

Garrett, Jeffrey M.  "Science and Innovation in the Arctic [ Healy ]."  Naval Institute Proceedings 128 (Jan 2002), pp. 66-70.

Gillett, C.R. "The Glacier in Antarctica." Naval Institute Proceedings 102 (Mar 1976), pp. 99-102.

"Glacier Heads South for the Holidays." Commandant's Bulletin (Dec 22 1980), pp. 6-7.

"In Glacier Land. Cutter Marion Returns after Trip of Northern Adventure..." Coast Guard Magazine (Oct 1928), pp. 54-56.

Gosnell, H.A. "Unalaska in 1886: Captain [Charles A.] Abbey of the Old Corwin Tells About 'Ounalaska' [sic] in His Day." Coast Guard Magazine (Feb 1938), pp. 24-25.

"On Graf Zeppelin [ LCDR Edward H. Smith to go as ice specialist on Arctic flight ]." Coast Guard Magazine (Dec 1929), p. 9.

"The [ General ] Greene's Cruise [ research in Greenland waters ]." Coast Guard Magazine (Oct 1931), pp. 28-29.

"Greenland Cosmic Ray Expedition: Coast Guard Participates With Use of ‘Eastwind.’" Coast Guard Bulletin VIII, 7 (Jan 1953), pp. 152-153.

Hancox, R.J. "The Westwind and Operation Deepfreeze III." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Mar-Apr 1958), pp. 34-36.

Hatch, Alden. "The Dirtiest Duty of the Coast Guard." Saturday Evening Post CCXX (Nov 29, 1947), pp. 36-37.

Hildebrand, Bob. "Arctic West." Commandant's Bulletin (May 27 1983), pp. 14-16.

________. "What's an Arctic West?" Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (May-June 1983), p. 45.

"Historic Journey of the Manhattan." Proceedings of the Merchant Marine Council 27 (Feb 1970), pp. 26-27.

Howell, J. "Polar Sea Circumnavigates North American Continent." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Feb-Mar 1986), pp. 23-7.

Imlay, Miles. "A Seal Patrol Resurrects the Leonidas Robinson Tragedy." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Jan-Feb 1966), pp. 23-32.

Johnson, Paul H. "The Overland Expedition: A Coast Guard Triumph." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Sep-Oct 1972), pp. 63-71.

Johnson, Robert Erwin. "Haida's Arctic Cruise." The American Neptune XXXVII, No. 2 (Apr 1977), pp. 95-110.

Killey, Gwen L. "Opening the Door to Alaska: The Cruises of the Revenue Cutter Thomas Corwin." Naval History (Fall 1988), pp. 23-27.

Lee, Christopher L. "Deep Freeze 1980: Diary of an Icebreaker." Naval Institute Proceedings 106 (Oct 1980), pp. 140-143.

Leepson, Marc. "The Future of Antarctica." Editorial Research Reports (June 25, 1982), pp. 471-488.

Leonard, John N. "Marooned in the Ice: Westwind's recent voyage to Antarctica was a replay of 'Operation Deep Squeeze 1914' and the spirit of 'Today for you, tomorrow for me.'"  Commandant's Bulletin 20-84 (Sep 28 1984), pp. 16-18.

Lloyd, Steve. "Adrift in the Aleutians: The Loss of the Revenue Cutter Tahoma." Wreck & Rescue Vol. 7, No. 1 (May 2004), pp. 10-17.

MacDonald, Edwin A. "Exploring Antarctica's Phantom Coast." National Geographic CXXI (Feb 1962), pp. 251-273.

________. "Icebreakers South." Naval Institute Proceedings 87 (Aug 1961), pp. 58-67.

________. "The Role of Icebreakers in the Antarctic." Antarctic Journal of the United States V (Jan-Feb 1970), pp. 8-13.

Mashburn, Everett F. "The Northwind's Expedition into the Far North." Coast Guard Magazine (Jan 1947), pp. 22-27.

McClelland, J.J. "Polar Sea Tackles Arctic Deployment." Commandant's Bulletin (Nov 1990), p. 16.

McDonald, Edwin A. "Exploring Antarctica’s Phantom Coast." National Geographic (Feb 1962), pp. 250-273.

McPhilamy, Sean M.  "Antarctica [Polar Sea]."  Mariners Weather Log, Vol. 45, No. 2 (Aug 2001), pp. 47-48.

McNaab, J.W., Jr. "The Coast Guard in Antarctica." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Nov-Dec 1961), pp. 46-49.

Moore, Robert G. "Polar Star - Sitrep II." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Mar-Apr 1978), pp. 18-24.

Moreth, Ed. "Around the World in 69 Days: It took 7,773 miles and 69 days around the coldest and most desolate continent on earth, but the Coast Guard icebreaker Polar Star has completed . . ." Commandant's Bulletin (June 24 1983), pp. 10-13.

Murphy, John F. "Two Reflections of a Man." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Jan-Feb 1965), pp. 5-14; (Mar-Apr 1965), pp. 110-120.

Noble, Dennis L., & Truman Strobridge. "The Arctic Adventures of the Thetis." Arctic Journal of the Arctic Institute of North America 30, No. 1 (Mar 1977), pp. 3-12.

________.________. "The Thetis in Alaskan Waters." Alaska Journal, No. 1 (1979), pp. 50-57.

"On Bering Sea Patrol with the Spencer." Coast Guard Magazine (July 1938), p. 30; (Aug 1938), p. 26.

"On Graf Zeppelin [E.H. Smith to go as ice specialist]." Coast Guard Magazine (Dec 1929), p. 9.

Oglesby, Joseph E. "Report on Operation Deep Freeze I." Sperryscope XIV (Spring, 1956), pp. 6-9.

O'Leary, James H. "Aviation in Antarctica." Naval Aviation News (Feb 1980), pp. 22-29.

"Operation Deep Freeze." Coast Guard Magazine (Nov 1955), pp. 16-17.

"Overland Expedition Relieves 300 Whalers Trapped in Ice." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin Centennial Issue (1976), pp. 12-13.

Parsons, Robert.  "High-Tech Icebreaker [USCGC Healy] Completes Second Arctic Science Cruise." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin 65, No. 1 (Feb 2003), pp. 25-26.

"Participation of Cutters in Two Scientific Expeditions Cancelled." Coast Guard Bulletin, 3 (Sep 1939), p. 17.

Pittenger, Richard F. "Arctic Infrastructure: The Need for Dedicated Arctic Research Support; Oceanographers Dream of Continuous Access North of the Arctic Circle." Oceanus (Fall, 1994 ), pp. 29-33.

Poe, W. Ed. "Northwest Passage: The Voyage of the Cutter Spar (W-403)." Sea Classics 18, No. 2 (Feb/Mar 1985), pp. 12-19, 76-77.

"Polar Sea Breaks Ice Record." Commandant's Bulletin (14 Jan 1980), p. 3.

"Polar Sea Returns." Commandant's Bulletin (June 8 1981), pp. 7-9.

"Polar Sea Smashes Northern Record." Commandant's Bulletin (Mar 30 1981), pp. 10-17.

"Polar Sea Strives for Arctic Record [ Arctic West Winter Operations 1981 ]." Commandant's Bulletin (Feb 2 1981), p. 5.

"Polar Star Deployed on Winter Operations in Arctic West." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Mar/Apr 1981), pp. 24-25.

"To the Pole by Zep. LCDR E.H. Smith, USCG, is Lone American Chosen..." Coast Guard Magazine (July 1931), pp. 3, 45.

Pollard, Dave. "'Men Against the Arctic.'" Coast Guard Magazine (Feb 1956), pp. 5-8.

Powell, Charles. "Arctic Winter West 1985." Commandant's Bulletin (June 21 1985), pp. 8-9.

Pullen, Thomas C. "What Price Canadian Sovereignty?" Naval Institute Proceedings 113 (Sep 1987), pp. 66-72.

Rau, John and Trevor Armbrister. "A Journey to Antarctica." Sea Power XXV (Apr 1982). [*****]

Reed, Byron L. "The Contribution of the Coast Guard to the Development of Alaska." Naval Institute Proceedings 55 (May 1929), pp. 406-410.

"Report from the Bering Sea [ Northwind ]." Coast Guard Magazine (Sep 1953), pp. 12-14.

Schwaiger, Michael.  "Salmon, Sage-Brush, and Safaris: Alaska's Territorial Judicial System and the Adventures of the Floating Court, 1901-1915." Alaska Law Review Vol. 26:1 (2009 ), pp. 98-133.

Sheinberg, Rubin, & Peter Minnick. "Operation Ocean Motion: The CGC Harriet Lane Becomes the First 270-Foot Cutter to be Tested in Alaskan Waters." Commandant's Bulletin (Feb 1996), pp. 6-7.

"Seal Poachers [Bering Sea Patrol]." Coast Guard Magazine (Feb 1932), pp. 22-24.

Serig, Howard W., Jr. "Deep Freeze." Naval Institute Proceedings 112 (Aug 1986), 79-81.

Shepard, Isabel A. "In Olden Days: A Page from the Diary of a Woman Passenger Aboard a Cutter [ Rush ] in 1889." Coast Guard Magazine (Aug 1929), pp. 2-4, 42-44.

Stein, Gary C. "A Desperate and Dangerous Man: Captain Michael A. Healy’s Arctic Cruise of 1900." Alaska Journal 15 (Spring 1985), pp. 39-45.

Stockton, Charles H. "The Arctic Cruise of the U.S.S. Thetis in the Summer and Autumn of 1889." National Geographic 2, no. 3 (1890), pp. 171-198.

Stuart, W.M. "Winter Cruises." Coast Guard Magazine (Nov 1937), pp. 16-18.

Sutton, William. "Serving Science Near the South Pole." Naval Institute Proceedings 128 (Aug 2002), pp. 50-53.

Tebeau, Peter A. "The Glacier Challenge -- Preserving the Coast Guard's Polar Legacy." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin 65, No. 1 (Feb 2003), pp. 26-27.

Thatch, James H., III. "A Ship for All Seasons: And a Continued U.S. Polar Presence." Sea Power (Aug 1994), pp. 37-40.

Thomas, Charles W. "The Coast Guard in Operation Highjump." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Sep 1947), pp. 293-298.

________. "Operation Deep Freeze I." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Jan 1956), pp. 17-22.

Tobin, Florence. "Alaska, the Last Frontier." Coast Guard Magazine (Sep 1942), pp. 6-9.

Toledo, Brenda. "CGC Polar Sea Makes History at the Top of the World." Commandant's Bulletin (Feb 1995), pp. 8-9.

Toon, Frank L. "To the Pole by Zeppelin Lieutenant Commander E.H. Smith, U.S.C.G., is Lone American Chosen for Scientific Research Flight..." Coast Guard Magazine (July 1931), pp. 3, 45.

Tuttle, Tom. "Uncharted Territory: Forty Years Ago, Three Cutters Became the First American Ships to Forge a Northwest Passage." Coast Guard (Nov 1997), pp. 22-25.

"U. S. S. Unalaga [ relieves Influenza epidemic in Alaska ]." Coast Guard Magazine (Feb 1929), p. 24.

Venzke, Norman. "Arming Our Icebreakers." Naval Institute Proceedings 104 (July 1978), pp. 86-87.

Venzke, Norman. "Polar Star Sitrep." Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Nov-Dec 1976), pp. 28-29.

________. "What is Operation Deep Freeze?" Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association The Bulletin (Sep-Oct 1972), pp. 54-62.

Welch, Roger T. "Down From the Aurora Borealis, the Algonquin Returns from the Land of the Midnight Sun." Coast Guard Magazine (Nov 1927), pp. 8-9.

Wells, R. D. "Surveying the Eurasian Arctic." [Northwind surveying waters off the northern waters of the Soviet Union, 1963-1965.] Naval Institute Proceedings (Oct 1966), pp. 80-85.

Westhoff, J. "Bound for the Poles: The Polar Star Sets Off on a Voyage to Both Poles..." Commandant's Bulletin (June 1991), p. 7.

Wheeler, Steve. "Pole Patrol." Commandant's Bulletin (July 1996), p. 4.

Wischemann, William. "An Old Salt Looks Back Upon Yesterday's Service [Rush on Bering Sea Patrol]." Coast Guard Magazine (Mar 1950), pp. 4, 6.

Zeusler, F.A. "Alaska Names." Naval Institute Proceedings 67 (Oct 1941), pp. 1428-1431.

________. "Bogolof Island." Naval Institute Proceedings 68 (Apr 1942), pp. 494-496.

________. "Ice in the Bearing Sea and Arctic Ocean." Naval Institute Proceedings 67 (Aug 1941), pp. [*****]

Books & Government Publications:

Allen, T.D. Prisoners of the Polar Ice. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1962.

Anderson, Madelyn Klein. Iceberg Alley. New York: Julian Messner, 1976.

Bailey, George W., USRM. Report Upon Alaska and Its People Giving Statistics as to the Numbers, Location, Pursuits, & Social Condition of the Inhabitants; The Climate, Productions, & General Resources of the Country; and of the Commerce, Ocean Currents, Etc. Washington: GPO, 1880.

Bockstoce, John. Whales, Ice, & Men: The History of Whaling in the Western Arctic. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1986.

Bursey, Jack. Antarctic Night: One Man’s Story of 28, 224 Hours at the Bottom of the World. New York: Rand MacNally & Co., 1957.

Calhoun, Bruce. Northwest Passages. San Francisco: Miller Freeman Publications, Inc., 1969.

Cantwell, J.C. Report of the Operations of the U.S. Revenue Steamer Nunivak on the Yukon River Station, Alaska, 1899-1901. Washington: GPO, 1902.

Carlton, Rosemary. Sheldon Jackson: The Collector. Juneau: Alaska State Museums, 1999.

Caswell, John E. Arctic Frontiers: United States Explorations of the Far North. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1956.

Dufek, George J. Operation Deepfreeze. New York: Harcourt, Brace, & Company 1957.

Erskine, Wilson F. Katmai. New York: Abelard-Schuman, 1962.

Farmer, R. Deep Freeze 1978 Cruise Report. San Francisco: U.S. Coast Guard, 1978.

Friis, Herman R. United States Polar Exploration. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1970.

Garrett, R.R. Deep Freeze 1980 Cruise Report. Wilmington: U.S. Coast Guard, 1980.

Gay, James T. American Fur Sea Diplomacy: The Alaskan Fur Seal Controversy. New York: P. Lang, 1987.

Gorman, James. Ocean Enough and Time: Discovering the Waters Around Antarctica. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., 1995.

Jeffrey Hartman, Captain, USCG (Ret.).  Guarding Alaska: A Memoir of Coast Guard Missions on the Last Frontier.  Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, 2012.

Healy, Michael A. Report of the Cruise of the Revenue Marine Steamer Corwin in the Arctic Ocean in the Year 1884. Washington: GPO, 1889.

________. Report of the Cruise of the Revenue Marine Steamer Corwin in the Arctic Ocean in the Year 1885. By Capt. M.A. Healy, U.S.R.M., Commander. Washington: GPO, 1887.

Hooper, Calvin L. Report of the Cruise of the U.S. Revenue Steamer Corwin in the Arctic Ocean, by Captain C.L. Hooper, U.S.R.M. November 1, 1880. Washington: GPO, 1881.

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Hunt, William R. Arctic Passage, the Turbulent History of the Land and People of the Bering Sea 1697-1975. New York: Scribner’s Sons, 1975.

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Jaffe, Phil.  The 1954 Historic Arctic Adventure of the Northwind.  Tempe, AZ: Third Millennium Publishing, 2003.

Juge, Dick.  The Historic Northwest Passage and the CGC STORIS: The Story of a Young Man Growing Up in the Coast Guard in the 1950s.  Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2007.

Kirwan, L.P. A History of Polar Exploration. New York: W.W. Norton, 1959.

Lewans, Todd. The Last Run: A True Story of Rescue and Redemption on the Alaska Seas. Harper Collins, 2004.

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Report of the International Polar Expedition to Point Barrow, Alaska, In Response to the Resolution of the House of Representatives of December 11, 1884. 48th Congress, 2d Session. Ex. Doc. No. 44. Washington: GPO, 1885.

Ricketts, Noble G., & Parker D. Trask. The "Marion" Expedition to Davis Strait and Baffin Bay Under Direction of the United States Coast Guard 1928, Scientific Results, Part 1: The Bathymetry and Sediments of Davis Strait. Washington: USCGP, 1932.

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Sherwood, Morgan B. Exploration of Alaska 1865-1900. New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1965.

Smith, Edward H. The Marion Expedition to Davis Strait and Baffin Bay Under Direction of the United States Coast Guard 1928, Scientific Results, Part 3: Arctic Ice, with Especial Reference to its Distribution to the North Atlantic Ocean. Washington: GPO, 1931.

________., Floyd M. Soule, & Olav Mosby. The Marion and General Greene Expeditions to Davis Strait and Labrador Sea Under Direction of the United States Coast Guard 1928-1931-1933-1934-1935, Scientific Results, Part 2: Physical Oceanography. Washington: GPO, 1937.

Smith, William D. Northwest Passage. New York: American Heritage Press, 1970.

Soule, Gardner. Antarctica. New York: Franklin Watts, 1985.

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________. USCGC Eastwind (WAGB 279) Report on Arctic Operations, East 1968. Boston: U.S. Coast Guard, 1968.

________. USCGC Glacier Cruise Book: Deep Freeze '73. Long Beach: U.S. Coast Guard, 1973.

________. USCGC Glacier Cruise Book: Deep Freeze '75. Long Beach: U.S. Coast Guard, 1975.

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________. USCGC Glacier Cruise Report: Deep Freeze 1980. Long Beach: U.S. Coast Guard, 1980.

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________. USCGC Polar Sea Deep Freeze 1982 Cruise Book. U.S.C.G.C Polar Sea, 1982.

________. USCGC Polar Sea Cruise Report: Deep Freeze 1987. Seattle: U.S. Coast Guard, 1987.

________. USCGC Polar Sea (WAGB-11) Report of Deep Freeze 1994 Deployment. U.S. Coast Guard, 1994.

________. USCGC Polar Sea Arctic Ocean Section 1994 Cruise Book. U.S.C.G.C. Polar Sea, 1994.

________. USCGC Polar Sea (WAGB-11) Deep Freeze 1995 Cruise Report 7 December 1994-16 March 1995. U.S. Coast Guard, 1995.

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________. Research and Statistics Section. Operations Division. Bering Sea Patrol. Washington: GPO, 1942.

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________.________. Cruise of Revenue Cutter Bear and Overland Relief Expedition for Relief of Whalers at Point Barrow, Alaska. H. Doc. 511, 56th Cong., 2nd sess., 1901, Serial 4167.

________.________. Medals for David H. Jarvis, Ellsworth P. Bertholf, and Samuel J. Call, Revenue Cutter Service, for Overland Expedition to Point Barrow, Alaska, for Relief of Whalers. H. Rp. 2336, 57th Cong., 1st sess., 1902, Serial 4406.

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________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze '63, 1962-1963. Washington: U.S. Navy 1963.

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________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze '65, 1964-1965. Washington: U.S. Navy 1965.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze '67, 1966-1967. Washington: U.S. Navy 1967.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze '68, 1967-1968. Washington: U.S. Navy 1968.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze '69, 1968-1969. Washington: U.S. Navy 1969.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze '75. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1975.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze 1978. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1978.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze 1979. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1979.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze 1980. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1980.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze 1981. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1981.

________. Naval Support Force Antarctica. Report on Operation Deep Freeze 1982-1983. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1983.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze 1983-1984. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1984.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze 1984-1985. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1985.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze 1985-1986. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1986.

________.________. Report of Operation Deep Freeze 1986-1987. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1987.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze 1987-1988. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1988.

________.________. Report on Operation Deep Freeze 1988-1989. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1989.

________.________. Report of Operation Deep Freeze 1989-1990. San Francisco: U.S. Navy 1990.

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Wilson, Graham, ed.  Where the Ice Never Melts: The 1888 and 1889 Voyages of the US Cutter Thetis.  Yukon, Canada: Wolf Creek Books, 2003.

Wishart, Andrew. The Behring [sic] Sea Question: The Arbitration Treaty and the Award: With a Map. Edinburgh: W. Green, 1893.

Wyman, Walter A. A Cruise of the U.S. Practice Ship S.P. Chase: Being the First Impressions of a Surgeon at Sea, & Experiences on a Sailing Vessel of the Revenue Cutter Service on a Voyage to Spain and the Azore Islands. New York: The Grafton Press, 1910.

Unpublished Papers, Dissertations & Theses:

Noble, Dennis. "Fog, Men, and Cutters: A Short History of the Bering Sea Patrol." Paper in possession of the Coast Guard Historians Office, 1989.

Reynolds, George Richard.  "The United States Coast Guard in the Northwest, 1854-1900."  Master of Arts Thesis, University of Washington, 1968.


E)   Misc.

Books & Government Publications:

Obedin, Harry E. Peter Penguin and the Polar Sea. Seattle: Polar Books, 1989.


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