Date of Action: 17 April 1943
USCG Units Involved: USS Spencer, CG
Location: 51.25N x 27.28W
Credit by U.S. Navy? Yes
Enemy Warship's Commanding Officer: Kapitšnleutnant Heinrich Bruns
Enemy Casualties: 13 killed in action; 41 survivors
USCG Casualties: 1 killed (friendly fire)
On 17 April 1943 the CGC Spencer located the U-175 on sonar
as the U-boat attempted a submerged daylight attack from within Convoy
HX-233 as the convoy made its way across the mid-Atlantic. The U-boat's
commanding officer had the tanker S.S. G. Harrison Smith in his
periscope sights but the Spencer intervened before the U-boat
could fire a spread of torpedoes at the target. Sailing between the columns
of ships, the cutter delivered three accurate depth charge attacks on the unsuspecting
U-boat. As one of the U-175's crew later recounted, "The
(depth charges) were bad ... everything was shaking ... we came up and saw
you in the periscope, but you saw us and we knew it was all over ... our
chance to get you was gone."
Damaged heavily, the submarine surfaced and the Spencer, Duane, and many of the merchant ships' naval armed guard opened fire. The U-175's crew abandoned their submarine after opening its dive valves. The Spencer sent over a boarding party. LT Ross P. Bullard climbed aboard and determined that the U-boat was sinking too fast to salvage. Nevertheless, Bullard became the first American serviceman to board an enemy warship underway at sea since the 19th century.
Afterward, the cutters rescued the surviving 41 German crewmen. One of the Spencer's crew had been killed by "friendly fire" and several others were wounded. Admiral Sir Max Horton, Royal Navy, Commander in Chief of the Western Approaches, signaled the crew of the Spencer "well done."
Click here for a complete photographic record of this combat victory.
W. A. Haskell. Shadows on the Horizon: The Battle of Convoy HX-233. London: Chatham Publishing, 1998.
________. Schatten am Horizont: Die Schlacht um den Geleitzug HX-233. Berlin: Verlag E. S. Mittler & Sohn GmbH, 2003.