Daily Chronology of Coast Guard History
2001- Six U.S. Navy Cyclone-Class patrol coastal warships were assigned to Operation Noble Eagle on 5 November 2001. This was the first time since World War II that U.S. Navy ships were employed jointly with the U.S. Coast Guard to help protect our nation's coastline, ports and waterways.
2013-CGC Healy moored in Seattle, Washington, after completing a 117-day deployment in the Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea, Beaufort Sea, and Arctic Ocean. During that time, Healy's crew of 88 successfully conducted three science missions and one Coast Guard mission to further the nation’s scientific knowledge of the Arctic. The first science mission was a multidisciplinary study sponsored by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management 90 miles west of Barrow, Alaska, near Hanna Shoal. Science members collected pelagic and benthic chemical and biological samples, observed physical oceanographic properties, and analyzed the data to establish an ecological baseline for the highly productive and biodiverse area. The second science mission was a study sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) along the North Slope in the Beaufort Sea and in Canada’s Amundsen Gulf. The science party focused on identifying geological evidence of a massive flood near the Mackenzie River that occurred about 13,000 years ago and had profound effects on global climate. The third mission was sponsored by the Coast Guard Research and Development Center and took place near and in the ice pack. This mission’s focus was to assess the ability of current technologies to respond to oil spills in the Arctic. The technologies included an unmanned aerial system, an unmanned underwater vehicle, an oil recovery skimmer, and a remotely operated vehicle. The fourth science mission of the deployment was sponsored by NSF and took Healy north of Barrow on the North Slope and as far east as Amundsen Gulf. The primary mission objectives were to recover, service, and redeploy a series of scientific moorings anchored to the seafloor.
1775-The official birthday of the U.S. Marine Corps: on this date in 1775 the Second Continental Congress passed a resolution to create a "Corps of Marines." Although they were disbanded in 1783 and were not re-established permanently until 11 July 1798 the Marine Corps recognizes 10 November 1775 as its official birthday. The Marine Corps' motto is Semper Fidelis (Always Faithful). On 21 October 1921, Major Edwin McClellan, Officer-in-Charge, Historical Section, Headquarters Marine Corps, sent a memorandum to Major General Commandant John A. Lejeune, suggesting that the original birthday on 10 November 1775 be declared a Marine Corps holiday to be celebrated throughout the Corps.
1913-Lightship No. 82 was lost with all hands during a gale while on station near Buffalo, New York. Six crewmen were aboard when the lightship went down. LV-82 was commanded by Hugh M. Williams, Master.
1975- The Great Lakes ore-carrier Edmund Fitzgerald, caught in an unexpected storm on Lake Superior, sank with a loss of all 29 hands. Coast Guard units helped conduct a search for the ship and survivors although all efforts proved to be futile.
2014-CGC Reliance returned to its homeport at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, following a nine-week patrol in the Caribbean Sea supporting the Joint Interagency Task Force-South. During the deployment, the 75-member crew of Reliance was responsible for conducting counter drug operations in support of U.S. and international law. Reliance sailed with an aviation detachment from the Coast Guard's Helicopter Interdiction Tactical Squadron based in Jacksonville, Florida. The cutter worked directly with federal and international partners at JIATF-S and the Coast Guard Seventh District to combat transnational organized crime networks operating in the Caribbean Basin. Reliance's efforts directly contributed to the prevention of 14 metric tons of contraband from reaching American shores. During the Reliance's 63-day deployment, the cutter traveled over 6,000 miles, conducted three law enforcement boardings and conducted more than 100 helicopter launch and recovery evolutions while operating throughout the Western Caribbean.
1906-At the second International Radio Telegraphic Convention, which was held in Berlin, the attendees agreed to adopt the wireless signal "SOS" as the internationally recognized signal for distress at sea. Their thinking was that three dots, three dashes and three dots could not be misinterpreted.
1953-A great boon to ocean navigation for aircraft surface vessels was the completion of four new LORAN stations in the Far East. The stations were built at Mikayo Jima, Ryuku Islands; Bataan and Cantanduanes Islands, Philippines; and Anguar, Palau Island in the Carolinas chain.
1968- On 22 November 1968, a DC-8 with 107 persons on board disappeared from the radar during final approach to San Francisco International Airport. Visibility was 3/4-mile in fog and the ceiling was 300 feet. A Coast Guard helicopter located the aircraft in the water 6,100 yards from the runway with people on the wings boarding life rafts. Within seven minutes, two additional helicopters and a Coast Guard boat were on the scene. All 107 persons were saved.
1993-NATO began enforcing United Nations' Resolutions 713 and 757 that set in place an embargo against the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). Four Coast Guard LEDETs were deployed to Southern Europe to support the operation and were placed aboard NATO warships.
1942-The Coast Guard Women's Reserve, known as SPARs, was organized.
1970-Simas I. Kudirka, a Lithuanian seaman, attempted to defect from his Soviet fishing vessel to CGC Vigilant. The incident occurred during a meeting near Martha's Vineyard between the Soviets and the U.S. on fishing rights. After consulting with the First District command, the cutter's commanding officer allowed Soviet crewmen to board the cutter and forcibly remove Kudirka.
1942-Petty Officer Clifford Johnson was on liberty at the Coconut Grove Lounge in Boston on the night of 28 November 1942 when the lounge caught fire. Over 490 persons perished in what was one of the worst fires in the nation's history. Petty Officer Johnson repeatedly risked his life by entering the fire on four occasions to pull victims from the flames, receiving severe burns over his body. He spent over two years in the hospital recovering from his injuries.