Spill Planning and
General: The National
Response System (NRS) is the government's mechanism for preparing for, and
ensuring adequate response to releases of hazardous substances into the
environment or discharges of oil onto navigable waters of the United States. The
NRS functions through a network of interagency and intergovernmental
relationships and provides for coordinated response actions by all levels of
government and responsible parties (the spiller) to a real or potential oil or
hazardous substances incident.
A series of information pamphlets on oil spill prevention, planning, and
from the Region I
Regional Response Team provides summarizes information on oil spill response. If
you are interested in additional information on the topics in the pamphlets, the
following links provide information on different aspects of the NRS. Because
many of these links are external, please read this
disclaimer, and be aware that you will need to use the back button on
your browser to return here.
Laws and Regulations] [Response
Spill Response Techniques:
RRT I provides information on techniques to clean up oil spills,
in addition to spill prevention, planning, response organization, and
the Story on Oil Spills" from
NOAA Hazmat is for children interested in learning about oil
EPA's Oil Program
preparedness, reporting, and response from an inland perspective.
A Primer for Students
from Oil Spill
Intelligence Report provides basic information on spills and response
Response Plans: [Back
The spill response
is described by
RRT I in Spill Planning and Spill Response Roles.
Area Contingency Plans (Northeast) are the unified government
spill response plans mandated by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 and the
National Contingency Plan
The National Contingency Plan (in .pdf format, or
summary in html format) is the primary federal regulation guiding
spill response and planning efforts.
A fact sheet entitled Coordinating Contingency Planning, produced
by the National Response Team, describes how to maximize interoperability of
response plans at the industry, local, area, regional, and national levels
to a variety of pollutants.
Preparedness for Response Exercise Program (PREP) is the national
exercise program for testing spill response plans.
National Pollution Funds Center administers the $1 Billion Oil
Spill Liability Trust Fund, which allows for rapid response even if the
responsible party does not take appropriate action.
Response Equipment Caps,
or the amount of equipment required by industry plan holders, has been
recently evaluated in a study commissioned by the Coast Guard.
2000 Emergency Response Guidebook provides first response action
recommendations to first responders, based on transportation placard
Federal Oil Spill Laws
and Regulations: [Back
Agencies Involved in Oil Spill Response
in the First District: [Back
Who fills key spill response roles is explained in the
RRT I Spill Planning and Spill Response Roles brochure.
The U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Response (Washington D.C.)
establishes the policy guiding coastal zone spill planning and response
The First Coast Guard District's Marine Safety Division (Boston,
MA) oversees and assists in the implementation of spill planning and
response at five Marine Safety Offices in the District.
Five Coast Guard Marine Safety Offices/Captains of the Port in
the First District prepare for and respond to coastal zone oil spills. The
COTP zones nationwide define the coastal zone Federal On-Scene
NOAA HAZMAT provides scientific support to Coast Guard On-Scene
Coordinators through Scientific Support Coordinators located in each Coast
U.S. EPA's Oil Program (Washington D.C.) provides general
information on oil spill response. EPA provides Federal On-Scene
Coordinators for the inland zone.
National Response Team - The National Response Team is a planning
and preparedness body led by the EPA (chair) and Coast Guard (vice chair)
consisting of 16 federal agencies.
Regional Response Teams (RRT) for
Regions I and
Region II in the northeast mirror the National Response Team and
include state representatives. RRTs are co-chaired by the EPA and Coast
Guard, support and advise On-Scene Coordinators during response, and produce
Regional Contingency Plans. A similar international organization between the
US and Canada in the Northeast, the Atlantic
Joint Preparedness Team, fills a similar role for transboundary
planning and response advice.
Environmental departments from the States of
New York, and
New Jersey work closely with Federal On-Scene Coordinators in the
First Coast Guard District in spill preparedness and response activities.
Spills in the First District: