Veterans Recruitment Act (VRA)
Veterans Recruitment Appointment (formerly Veterans Readjustment
Appointment) is a special authority by which agencies may, if they wish,
appoint an eligible veteran without competition. The candidate does not have
to be on a list of eligibles, but must meet the basic qualification
requirements for the position. The VRA is a convenient method of appointment
for both the agency and the veteran. However, use of the authority is
entirely discretionary and no one is entitled to a VRA appointment.
- A VRA appointee initially is hired for a 2-year period. Successful
completion of a 2-year VRA appointment leads to a permanent civil
service appointment. (Please note, however, that a veteran may be
employed without competition on a temporary or term appointment based on
VRA eligibility. A temporary or term VRA appointment does not lead to
conversion to a permanent position.)
- The following are eligible for a VRA appointment:
- A veteran who served on active in the Armed Forces during a war
declared by Congress, or in a campaign or expedition for which a
campaign badge has been authorized; a veteran who, while serving on
active duty in the Armed Forces, participated in a military operation
for which the Armed Forces Service Medal was awarded; and a veteran
separated from active duty within the past 3 years. There is no minimum
service requirement, but the individual must have served on active duty,
not active duty for training.
- A veteran selected for a VRA who has less than 15 years of education,
must agree to participate in a training or educational program.
- Agencies can use the VRA authority to fill white collar positions up
through GS-11 and equivalent jobs under other pay systems.
Conditions of Employment - A VRA appointment is an excepted service
appointment. After 2 years of substantially continuous service under a
VRA appointment, provided performance has been satisfactory, the
appointment may be converted to the competitive service.