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Dix, 1927

WSC-136


John A. Dix (1798-1879):  Dix was appointed to be the 24th Secretary of the Treasury and served in that capacity from January 15, 1861 until March 6, 1861.  Dix was a former postmaster and Senator from New York, and was reputed to be "a cultivated writer, a fluent vigorous speaker, a man of great courage, prompt decision and proved executive ability." 
Entering office during a financial panic, he quickly obtained the much needed loans from banks and the American people that his predecessor had failed to secure.  He won further confidence in the North by dispatching a message to a Treasury customs official in New Orleans to take possession of a Treasury Department revenue cutter there.  "If anyone attempts to haul down the American flag," he ordered, "shoot him on the spot."  Dix was in office less than three months, resigning at the end of Buchanan's presidency.  Buchanan's successor, President Abraham Lincoln, rewarded his performance as Secretary of the Treasury with the commission of Major General in charge of Alexandria and Arlington, Virginia during the Civil War.


CLASS: Active Class Patrol Boat

BUILDER: American Brown Boveri Electric Corp., Camden, NJ

COMMISSIONED: 5 March 1927

LAUNCHED: 27 January 1927

DECOMMISSIONED: 13 January 1948 and sold 16 June 1948

DISPLACEMENT: 232 tons

PROPULSION: 2 x 6-cylinder, 300 hp engines

LENGTH: 125 feet

BEAM: 23 feet, 6 inches

DRAFT: 7 feet, 6 inches

COMPLEMENT: 3 officers, 17 men

ARMAMENT: 1 3"/27 (1927); in WWII two dc racks were added


CLASS HISTORY:

This class of vessels was one of the most useful and long- lasting in Coast Guard service with 16 cutters still in use in the 1960ís. The last to be decommissioned from active service was the Morris in 1970; the last in actual service was the Cuyahoga, which sank after an accidental collision in 1978. They were designed for trailing the "mother ships" along the outer line of patrol during Prohibition.  They were constructed at a cost of $63,173 each. They gained a reputation for durability that was only enhanced by their re-engining in the late 1930ís; their original 6-cylinder diesels were replaced by significantly more powerful 8-cylinder units that used the original engine beds and gave the vessels 3 additional knots.  All served in World War II, but two, the Jackson and Bedloe, were lost in a storm in 1944.  Ten were refitted as buoy tenders during the war and reverted to patrol work afterward.


CUTTER HISTORY

First stationed at Boston, MA, until sent to New London, CT, in 1955, she was at Panama City, FL (1936-37) and Erie, PA (1940). She was assigned to CARIBSEAFRON during World War II and home ported at Willemstad, Curacao, equipped for minesweeping. In 1945 she was transferred to Provincetown, MA.


SOURCES:

Cutter History File.  USCG Historian's Office, USCG HQ, Washington, D.C.

Robert Scheina.  U.S. Coast Guard Cutters & Craft of World War II.  Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1982.

Robert Scheina.  U.S. Coast Guard Cutters & Craft, 1946-1990.  Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1990.


Last Modified 11/17/2014