WIX / WMEC / WSC-157
Builder: American Brown Boveri Electric Corporation, Camden, New Jersey
Beam: 23' 6"
Draft: 7' 6"
Displacement: 232 tons
Commissioned: 3 March 1927; 17 February 1941
Decommissioned: 27 May 1933 & transferred to USN; 1978 (see below)
Disposition: Lost in collision on 20 October 1978
Propulsion: 2 x 6-cylinder; 300-HP; later replaced with 2 General Motors diesels; 800-HP; twin propellers
Performance & Endurance:
Max: 10.0 knots (1927); 13.0 knots (1945)
Cruising: 8.0 knots; 3,500 mile range (1945)
Complement: 30 (1930); 46 (1945)
Electronics: SF-1 radar; QCO-1 sonar (1945); SPS-23 radar, no sonar (1960)
Armament: 1 x 3"/23 caliber dual-purpose gun; 2 depth charge racks (1942); 1 x 40mm/60; 2 x 20mm/80; 2 x Mousetraps (1945); 1 x 40mm/60 (1960)
This class of vessels was one of the most useful and long lasting in the service with 16 cutters still in use in the 1960’s. The last to be decommissioned was the Morris in 1970; the last in service was the Cuyahoga, sunk in 1978. They were designed for the outer line of patrol during Prohibition, trailing mother ships. They gained a reputation for durability only enhanced by their re-engining in the late 1930’s; their original 6-cylinder diesels were replaced by significantly more powerful 8-cylinder units that used the original engine beds and gave the vessels 3 additional knots. All served in World War II, but two ( the Jackson and Bedloe) were lost in a storm in 1944. Ten were refitted as buoy tenders during the war and reverted to patrol work afterward.
On 29 May 1933 Cuyahoga arrived at the Washington Navy Yard following her six years of chasing rum runners to assume the duties with the Navy as a tender for the Presidential Yacht USS Potomac. She was returned to Coast Guard jurisdiction on 17 May 1941 and recommissioned by the Coast Guard at the Washington Navy Yard on that day. She was assigned her new permanent station at Baltimore, Maryland and arrived there on 20 May 1941.
On 17 January 1942 her permanent station was changed from Baltimore to Norfolk, Virginia, where she reported to Commander Defense Area Group for duty. During the war the Cuyahoga was on escort duty attached to Commander Eastern Sea Frontier and Commander Caribbean Sea Frontier. From October 1942 to June 1945 she spent the majority of her time in the Caribbean Sea, usually escorting vessels between Guantanamo Bay, Trinidad and Paramaribo. During the war the Cuyahoga was armed with one 3"/23 caliber antiaircraft gun and two depth charge racks.
Following the war, the Cuyahoga once more operated out of Norfolk until May of 1946 when she, along with the Calypso, was placed "In Commission-Reserve" status due to personnel shortages. In April 1947 the Cuyahoga was transferred from Norfolk to the Coast Guard Yard at Curtis Bay, Maryland and worked with the Field Testing and Development Unit except for occasional engineering and other operational activities.
From 1957 to 1959 she was assigned to New London, Connecticut for training officer candidates. Later in 1959 she assumed her station at Yorktown, where she continued to provide training for officer candidates. She was the last of her class still in commission at the time of her loss.
The Last Voyage:
At about 2100 hours on 20 October 1978, in an area about 3 1/2 miles northwest of Smith Point, which marks the mouth of the Potomac River as it empties in the Chesapeake Bay, catastrophe occurred.
The Argentine coal freighter Santa Cruz II, a 521-foot bulk carrier, hit the Cuyhoga on her starboard side between amidships and the stern. A consensus of accounts indicated that the cutter was dragged backwards for a minute and then fell away from the tanker, rolled on her side, and sank within a couple of minutes. The Santa Cruz rescued 18 survivors from the water and stayed on the scene until help arrived. The remaining 11 men embarked on the Cuyhoga were lost. For days after the accident, a Marine Board of Inquiry convened in Baltimore, Maryland, at the Marine Safety Office to investigate the accident.
After some delay due to heavy seas and high winds, two massive floating cranes were used to raise the Cuyhoga, which was in 57 feet of water. After an initial inspection, the ship was placed on barges and towed 65 miles to Portsmouth for a full inspection.
MKCS David B. Makin
YN1 William M. Carter
SS1 Ernestino A. Balina
SA Michael A. Atkinson
FA James L. Hellyer
SA David S. McDowell
OC James W. Clark
OC John P. Heistand
OC Edward J. Thomason
OC Bruce E. Wood
LI Wiyono Sumalyo, Indonesian Navy
Survivors of the collision were:
CWO Donald K. Robinson
BM1 Roger E. Wild
QM2 Randy V. Rose
MK2 Stephen D. Baker
SN Kevin J. Henderson
SA Jeffery I. Fox
SA Michael E. Myers
OC Arne O. Denny
OC Peter S. Eident
OC Earl W. Fairchild, Jr.
OC Michael E. Moser
OC Frederick J. Riemer
OC Joseph L. Robinson
OC Robert P. Rutledge
OC Timothy C. Stone
OC Earl C. Thomas
OC Lawrence V. Williams
LT Jonathan Arisasmita, Indonesian Navy
The Marine Casualty Report, number USCG 16732 / 92368 and dated 31 July 1979, concluded:
The Commandant has determined that the proximate cause of the casualty was that the commanding officer of the USCGC CUYAHOGA failed to properly identify the navigation lights displayed by the M/V SANTA CRUZ II. As a result he did not comprehend that the vessels were in a meeting situation, and altered the CUYAHOGA's course to port taking his vessel into the path of the SANTA CRUZ II.
The Cuyahoga was later sunk off the coast of Virginia as an artificial reef.
Photographs [click on description to view photo]:
Cuyahoga, 11 February 1945. Caption states: "CGC Cuyahoga ready to depart from C.G. Yard." Neg. No. 53.
Cuyahoga, 7 April 1974. No caption/number.
Cuyahoga wreck. No date/number/caption.
Cuyahoga wreck. Color. No date/number/caption.
Donald Canney. U.S. Coast Guard and Revenue Cutters, 1790-1935. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1995.
Cutter History File. USCG Historian's Office, USCG HQ, Washington, D.C.
Robert Scheina. U.S. Coast Guard Cutters & Craft of World War II. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1982.
Robert Scheina. U.S. Coast Guard Cutters & Craft, 1946-1990. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1990.
U.S. Coast Guard. Record of Movements: Vessels of the United States Coast Guard: 1790 - December 31, 1933. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1934; 1989 (reprint).