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Daily Chronology of Coast Guard History

1 June

2 June

3 June

4 June

5 June

6 June

7 June

8 June

9 June

10 June

11 June

  • 1764-Sandy Hook Lighthouse, at the south point of the entrance to New York Harbor, was first lighted. Today, its octagonal tower, built by Mr. Isaac Conro of New York City with money collected by a group of New York merchants, is the oldest original light tower still standing and in use in the United States.
  • 1942-After the Battle of Midway, CGC Taney anchored at Midway Island after escorting USS Regulus (AK-14) there.  For the next four days Taney conducted SAR operations in the waters around Midway, the island itself, and then "went out into the Pacific Ocean to look for survivors reported by plane."  Taney departed Midway Island on 16 June and escorted Regulus back to Honolulu.
  • 1966-Finding itself disabled and adrift two miles from Cape Kubugakli, Alaska, the fishing vessel Katy C radioed for assistance.  A Coast Guard helicopter, after ascertaining that the ship was unable to anchor by herself, took her in tow until she was out of danger.

12 June

  • 1813- Revenue cutter Surveyor, at anchor in the York River, Virginia, was surprised by a three-barge attack force launched from the Royal Navy frigate HMS Narcissus.  Outnumbered 50 to 15, the cuttermen wounded seven and killed three of the enemy before the cutter was captured.  The British commanding officer of Narcissus was so impressed by "the determined way in which her deck was disputed, inch by inch," in hand-to-hand combat, he returned to Revenue Captain William Travis, the commanding officer of Surveyor, "the sword you had so nobly used."
  • 1917-An Act of Congress appropriated $300,000 to enable the U .S. Coast Guard to extend its telephone system to include all Coast Guard stations not then connected as well as the most important light stations with no means of rapid communication.  The Life-Saving Service had pioneered the use of the telephone beginning in the 1880s, linking the various stations along the nation's coast with the new communication device.
  • 1925-Lake Huron Lightship radio fog signal was placed in commission, being the first signal of this kind on the Great Lakes.
  • 1942-The U.S. Navy makes its first operational test with LORAN equipment with a LORAN receiver mounted in a K-2 airship on a flight from Lakehurst Naval Air Station.
  • 1975-CGC Vigorous seized the Bulgarian F/V Argonaut off the coast of New England.  More than 500 pounds of lobster were reported found aboard the fishing vessel by the Coast Guard boarding party.  Lobster was protected from foreign fishing by the Continental Shelf Fishery Resource Law.
  • 1999-The small cruise vessel Wilderness Adventurer ran aground in Glacier Bay National Park in Alaska.  All passengers and crew were safely evacuated from the stranded vessel.  The responders from the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation, Coast Guard, and Glacier Bay Tours and Cruises (which operated the vessel) then successfully refloated her and towed her to drydock.  Oil containment booms contained the 300 gallons of fuel that leaked from the vessel.  A Coast Guard spokesman later stated "This is the best-run multi-agency operation I've seen in my career.  It went well.  We still have a damaged vessel to take care of, but at least it's not at the bottom of the ocean in a national park."  The Coast Guard also investigated the accident.

13 June

  • 1903-A Gold Lifesaving medal was awarded to Captain Robert F. Longstreet "for heroic conduct at Squan Beach, New Jersey," for his efforts to rescue five fishermen from their capsized vessel on June 13, 1903. The heavily—laden vessel was observed to capsize in "heavy breaking surf caused the heavy ground swell and strong southerly wind, following a storm which had just passed along the coast." Observers went to the Squan Beach life—saving station for help, but because it was the inactive season, only Captain Longstreet was present. Nevertheless, he launched a small skiff with the help of a fisherman and rowed out the fishing vessel.
  • 1929-Coast Guard Radio Technician A. G. Descoteaux became the first person to broadcast from an aircraft.  In a Loening amphibian, he reported the takeoff of a French aircraft on a trans-Atlantic flight at Old Orchard Beach, Maine.  The account was relayed by ground equipment to an extensive national hookup and was received by U.S. and foreign listeners.
  • 1933-LT Richard L. Burke piloted a seaplane from AIRSTA Cape May to rescue an ill seaman from the fishing trawler Shawmut 130 miles offshore.  He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for this rescue.
  • 1942-Coast Guardsman John C. Cullen (Seaman 2/c) discovered Nazi saboteurs landing on beach at Amagansett, Long Island.  He reported this to his superiors.  The FBI later captured the Nazis and Cullen was awarded the Legion of Merit.
  • 1942-CGC Thetis sank the German U-boat U-157 off the Florida Keys.  There were no survivors.
  • 1943-CGC Escanaba exploded and sank off Ivigtut, Greenland, with only two survivors.  The cause for the loss has never been confirmed.

14 June

  • 1775-The official birthday of the U.S. Army: it was on this date in 1775 that the Continental Congress adopted "the American continental army."  The Army's motto is: "This We’ll Defend."
  • 1906-Congress passed the first regulatory fishing law for Alaska.  The new law was enforced by the Revenue Cutter Service.
  • 1941-CGC Duane rescued 46 survivors from the torpedoed SS Tresillian.
  • 1979-The Coast Guard announced the award of a $215 million contract for 90 Short Range Recovery (SRR) helicopters to Aerospatiale Helicopter Corporation of Grand Prairie, Texas.
  • 1996-CGC Mellon seized the Polish fishing vessel Admiral Arciszewski after it was found to be illegally fishing in U.S. waters 385 miles northwest of Dutch Harbor.  CGC Steadfast escorted the fishing vessel into Kodiak.

15 June

  • 1904-Nearly 1,000 lives were lost when the steamboat General Slocum caught fire in the East River in New York.  The disaster led to improved safety regulations and life-saving equipment.
  • 1917-Congress passed and President Woodrow Wilson signed into law the Espionage Act, authorizing the Treasury Secretary to assume control of U.S. ports, control ship movements, establish anchorages and supervise the loading and storage of explosive cargoes.  The authority was immediately delegated to the Coast Guard and formed the basis for the formation of the Coast Guard's Captain of the Ports and the Port Security Program.
  • 1944-Coast Guardsmen participated in the invasion of Saipan, Marianas.  The Coast Guard-manned transports that took part in the invasion included the USS Cambria, Arthur Middleton, Callaway, Leonard Wood, LST-19, LST-23, LST-166 and LST-169.
  • 1949-Two hundred and forty-eight unidentified victims of the 1945 explosion of the U.S. Coast Guard-manned Serpens at Guadalcanal were buried in Arlington National Cemetery in what was described as the largest recommittal on record.

  • 1986-Upon assuming the office of Commandant on 30 May 1986, ADM Paul Yost banned the wearing of beards by Coast Guard personnel, to be effective on 15 June 1986.

  • 2009-Law Enforcement officers from the 14th Coast Guard District reported aboard the USS Crommelin (FFG-37) to support U.S. Coast Guard fisheries enforcement in Oceania in an operation called the "Fight for Fish" mission.  It marked the first time a Navy warship was utilized "to transit the Western Pacific enforcing fishing regulations in a joint effort with the Coast Guard to stop illegal fishing in this region."

16 June

  • 1880-An Act of Congress (21 Stat. L., 259, 263) provided that "masters of light-house tenders shall have police powers in matters pertaining to government property and smuggling."

  • 1966-The freighter Alva Cape and tanker Texaco Massachusetts collided in New York Harbor near Third Coast Guard District Headquarters on Governor's Island.  Thirty-three crewmen perished in the ensuing explosion.  Coast Guard units responded and the rescue effort garnered significant national media attention.

  • CGC Spencer returned to Boston after a 55-day patrol in the North Atlantic.  While conducting a law enforcement inspection aboard the commercial F/V Heritage, on 6 June, Spencer’s rescue and assistance team fought and helped extinguish a fire ablaze in their galley. Also during the patrol, Spencer responded to a distress call from the S/V Alien I, 300 nautical miles offshore. After steaming through the night, Spencer arrived on scene, rescued the couple onboard, and placed the vessel in tow. Spencer towed the vessel for 300 miles, and delivered Alien I and her passengers safely to Coast Guard Station Woods Hole three days later. After breaking the tow, Spencer resumed normal operations in the North Atlantic which is primarily living marine resource protection. During its patrol, the cutter’s crew conducted law enforcement operations including 51 commercial fishing vessel inspections, day and night time helicopter operations, and live gunnery fire. The crew conducted hours of training in damage control, weapons handling, navigation and seamanship, medical casualty, and engineering casualty response. Additionally, Spencer was the Coast Guard's flag ship and largest cutter participant in New York Fleet Week 2015, giving tours to more than 4,800 people and supporting 13 Fleet Week community events. This patrol directly followed an 89-day dry-dock at the Coast Guard Yard in Baltimore, Maryland.

17 June

  • 1832-The practice of utilizing "surplus" naval officers as officers of the Revenue Marine was discontinued.  Revenue officer vacancies were henceforth filled by promotion from within the service.

  • 1910-An Act of Congress (36 Stat. L., 534) abolished the Lighthouse Board and created the Bureau of Lighthouses to have complete charge of the Lighthouse Service. This law constituted the organic act under which the Lighthouse Service operated thereafter.

  • 1942-The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Fleet ordered the organization of coastal pickets to combat the "submarine menace" off the Atlantic Coast.  The hodge-podge fleet of primarily small private recreational craft taken into government service under Coast Guard direction became known as the "Corsair Fleet."

  • 1983-National Narcotics Border Interdiction System (NNBIS) began operations under the direction of Vice President George Bush and the executive board consisting of Secretaries of State, Transportation and Defense, the Attorney General, the Counselor to the President, the Director of Central Intelligence, and the Director of the White House Drug Abuse Policy Office.  "U.S. Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps airborne and seaborne craft, intelligence, technology, surveillance, and manpower now are used to augment operations by the U.S. Coast Guard, Customs Service, the Drug Enforcement Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Border Patrol, and the U.S. Attorney's Office.  The system provides a coordinated national and international interagency network for prioritizing interdiction targets, identifying resources, recommending the most effective action, and coordinating joint special actions."

  • 2013-The Coast Guard 13th District and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police "E" Division signed a finalized agreement for the Pacific region Integrated Cross-border Maritime Law Enforcement program, known as "Shiprider," during a ceremony at the Peace Arch Provincial Park in British Columbia, Canada. Shiprider was a program that enabled specially-trained officials from both nations to pursue or interdict suspected criminals transiting across the shared maritime border. The concept of Shiprider was first introduced in 2005. A version of the agreement proved successful during the Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 2010.

18 June

  • 1812-The United States declared war against Great Britain.
  • 1838-The steamboat Pulaski, a passenger vessel traveling between Baltimore and Charleston, suffered a boiler explosion while at sea, killing over 100 passengers and crew.  This was one of three fatal steamboat boiler explosions within as many months that forced the Federal Government to begin regulating merchant steam vessels.
  • 1878-On 18 June 1878 Congress established the U.S. Life-Saving Service as a separate agency under the control of the Treasury Department (20 Stat. L., 163).
  • 1878-The 45th Congress enacted a rider on an Army appropriations bill that became known as the Posse Comitatus Act [Chapter 263, Section 15, U.S. Statutes, Vol. 20.]  This act limited military involvement in civil law enforcement leaving the Revenue Cutter Service as the only military force consistently charged with federal law enforcement on the high seas and in U.S. waters.  The rider prohibited the use of the Army in domestic civilian law enforcement without Constitutional or Congressional authority.  The use of the Navy was prohibited by regulation and the rider was amended in 1976 outlawing the use of the Air Force.  In 1981, however, new legislation allowed the Secretary of Defense to bring Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps support to civilian authorities in intelligence, equipment, base and research facilities, and related training.  
  • 1903-Alaska’s first coastal lighthouse, Scotch Cap Lighthouse, was first lit.  It was located near the west end of Unimak Island on the Pacific side of Unimak Pass, the main passage through the Aleutian Islands into the Bering Sea.
  • 1930-An Act of Congress provided "for the transfer of the old lighthouse at Cape Henry, Virginia, to the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities."
  • 1938-The first low power, unattended "secondary" radio aid to navigation was established at St. Ignace, Michigan.
  • 1961-An explosion in the power room of the Stannard Rock Lighthouse killed PO1c William Maxwell, one of the four Coast Guardsmen at the station at that time.
  • 1995-The 736-foot cruise ship Celebration suffered an engine-room fire and lost power while off the coast of San Salvador, Bahamas.  CGC Forward responded and was designated as the on-scene commander.  CGC Vigorous was also diverted to lend assistance.  The cruise ship's Halon system put out the fire but she was drifting dangerously close to shore.  The Forward then towed her throughout the night away from shore until the arrival of commercial tugs the next day.  A Coast Guard helicopter medevaced one passenger.  On 20 June the crew of the Forward and MSO Miami team members stood by while the 1,735 passengers still aboard were transferred from the Celebration to the cruise ship Ecstasy, which had arrived in the area.  The Ecstasy then sailed for Miami and the Celebration, with one engine then on-line, sailed to Freeport for repairs.
  • 1999-CGC Midgett departed its homeport of Seattle for a six-month deployment to the Persian Gulf.  Midgett was attached to a Navy carrier battle group and its crew brought the Coast Guard's expertise in boarding ships to the group.  Once in the Gulf, the cutter's primary mission was to enforce United Nations' sanctions against illegal Iraq petroleum shipments and conduct SAR operations.

19 June

  • 1845-The Secretary of the Treasury had Lieutenants Thornton A. Jenkins and Richard Bache detailed from the Navy and sent abroad to procure information that might tend to the improvement of the lighthouse system of the United States. Subsequently, when the Secretary submitted the report of these two naval officers and asked that a board be appointed to consider thoroughly the matter of lighthouse improvements.  No legislative action resulted.
  • 1876-The first Gold Life Saving Medals ever awarded were presented to private citizens Lucien M. Clemens and his brothers Hubbard M. Clemons and Al J. Clemons.  On 1 May 1875 the Clemens' brothers "displayed the most signal gallantry in saving two men from the wreck of the schooner Consuelo" in an open rowboat.  Five others on board the schooner perished when the schooner capsized in the heavy seas "with the wind blowing a gale from the northeast" before the brothers arrived on scene.  The medals were awarded by the Treasury Department.
  • 1992-In a joint operation with INS, the Coast Guard assisted in the seizure of the 167-foot Belize-registered freighter Lucky No. 1, her 15-man crew, and 117 illegal Chinese migrants that were aboard.  The seizure took place off Oahu.
  • 2008-The U.S. Coast Guard announced the launch of an ORBCOMM concept demonstration satellite, equipped with Automatic Identification System (AIS) capability, from Kapustin Yar, Russia, on this date in 2008. The satellite attained a proper orbit was expected to start transmitting operational data within the next three months. The U.S. Coast Guard Nationwide Automatic Identification System (NAIS) Project sponsored equipment on the satellite to test the feasibility and effectiveness of AIS message reception and reporting from space for ship tracking and other navigational activities. The NAIS project improved maritime domain awareness for the U.S. Coast Guard and Department of Homeland Security by using the integrated network of AIS equipment and user interface services that display and exchange AIS-equipped vessel information for maritime safety and security. Data collected by the NAIS supports the nation’s maritime interests by promoting vessel and port safety through collision avoidance, and through detection, traffic identification, and classification of vessels out to 2,000 nautical miles from shore.
  • 2014-CGC Tahoma returned to its homeport in Portsmouth, New Hampshire after a 64-day deployment in the Caribbean Sea. During the deployment, the 100-member crew of Tahoma worked under tactical control of Coast Guard Sector San Juan, Puerto Rico and conducted flight operations, patrolled drug and migration, conducted sea boarding, and assisted in the transfer or repatriation of 26 Haitian migrants. The crew also participated in training and law enforcement operations, migrant interdiction and counterdrug operations in support of Operation Unified Resolve, and conducted Tailored Ship’s Training Availability (TSTA). The crewmembers completed a total of 148 drills and exercises, earning the prestigious Battle “E” for excellence in five areas of professional expertise.

20 June

  • 1874-An Act of Congress provided for lifesaving stations on the coasts of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and Florida, as well as on the Great Lakes and the Pacific Coast.
  • 1874-The first Life Saving Medal enactment was passed, which was updated in 1878 and 1882.  Ship masters were also required to report accidents and death in order to gather data to aid in evaluating sites for search and rescue stations.
  • 1906- Congress passed the Sponge Fishing Act and directed that the Revenue Cutter Service enforce it.
  • 1918-An Act of Congress (40 Stat. L., 607, 608) changed the designation of Lighthouse Inspectors, who were in charge of the 19 lighthouse districts, to that of Superintendents of Lighthouses.
  • 1964-CGC Reliance, the first of the Coast Guard's new 210-foot medium endurance cutter class, was commissioned. 
  • 1966-CGC Point League attacked and crippled a North Vietnamese junk attempting to run the Navy’s Market Time blockade.  The action continued into the next day as the junk stranded itself on the shore and its crew fired a demolition charge, destroying their ship.

21 June

  • 1944-Cutters 83415 and 83477 assigned to Rescue Flotilla One wrecked off coast of Normandy, France during a storm - no lives were lost.  This is the storm that wrecked the artificial harbor constructed by the Allies off the coast of Normandy.
  • 1979-On 21 June 1979, SN Ina J. Toavs was awarded the Coast Guard Medal, the first woman to receive the award.

  • 2013-Coast Guard Group/Air Station North Bend, located out of North Bend, Oregon, was officially renamed Sector North Bend, "to match the Coast Guard standards of mission support and execution." Group/Air Station North Bend was the final "legacy group in the Coast Guard to be transitioned under the multi-year sector modernization effort."

22 June

  • 1818-Boarding parties from the Revenue cutter Dallas seized the privateer Young Spartan, her crew, and the privateer's prize, the Pastora, off Savannah, Georgia.  The crew of the Pastora had been set adrift and their fate remained unknown.  The New York Evening Post noted that the crew of the privateer had committed offenses "that can only be expiated by making their exits on the gallows." (July 3, 1818 issue).
  • 1936-Congress passed an act to define jurisdiction of Coast Guard.  In one of of the most sweeping grants of police authority ever written into U.S. law, Congress designated the Coast Guard as the federal agency for "enforcement of laws generally on the high seas and navigable waters of the United States."
  • 1940-Port Security responsibilities were undertaken again for the first time since World War I when President Franklin Roosevelt invoked the Espionage Act of 1917.  The Coast Guard was to govern anchorage and movement of all vessels in U.S. waters and to protect vessels, harbors, and inland or coastal waterways of the U.S.  The Dangerous Cargo Act gave the Coast Guard jurisdiction over ships with high explosives and dangerous cargoes. 
  • 1948-Congress enacted Public Law 738, which authorized the operation of floating ocean stations for the purpose of providing search and rescue communication and air-navigation facilities, and meteorological services in such ocean areas as are regularly traversed by aircraft of the United States.
  • 1965-Coast Guard forces in Vietnam fired their first shot of the war when LT John M. Cece, commanding CGC Point Orient, gave the order to "commence fire" while patrolling the 17th Parallel.  The cutter was assigned to Coast Guard Squadron One.
  • 1977-Secretary of Transportation Brock Adams introduced Ensign Beverly G. Kelley and Boatswain's Mate 3/c Debra Lee Wilson during a press conference as two of 12 women who had been assigned to sea duty.  "This is the first time in Coast Guard history that women have been sent to sea."   Both women had orders to report to the Morgenthau later that year.
  • 1982-The first successful hostage rescue at sea occurred when a combined Coast Guard-FBI boarding party deployed from CGC Alert took control of the 890-foot Liberian-flagged motor tanker Ypapanti.  The incident began on 16 May 1982 when the Ypapanti anchored off the entrance to Delaware Bay after it was denied entrance to U.S. waters by COTP Philadelphia, due to the lack of required safety equipment aboard.  Initially the CGCs Hornbeam, Active and Point Franklin responded.  After the situation stabilized, Active and Point Franklin departed while Hornbeam stood by the tanker to monitor the situation and to act as on scene commander; she was relieved on 29 May by Alert.  During the next few days the tanker's crew mutinied and seized control of the tanker from the master in a wage dispute.  After a prolonged period of unsuccessful negotiations and threats by the crew to kill various officers and to set fire to the vessel, the Alert went alongside the tanker on 22 June 1982.  A senior Coast Guard negotiating team went aboard to present one last wage / repatriation offer to the crew.  When this offer was rejected a combined Coast Guard / FBI boarding team went aboard from the Alert and took control of the Ypapanti without injury.  The vessel was then returned to the control of the master and 12 loyal crewmen.  Twenty-four mutineers were detained on board the Alert and were transferred to the custody of the INS in Cape May.

23 June

  • 1716-The Province of Massachusetts authorized the erection of the first lighthouse in America.  It was built on Great Brewster Island in Boston Harbor.
  • 1817-The cutter Active forced a South American privateer posing as an armed merchantman to leave the Chesapeake Bay and American waters.
  • 1895-USRC Windom was launched.  She was the service's first attempt at "modern" ship construction and was designed by the Coast Guard's Engineering Division, complete with in-house staff naval architects and engineers.  Windom was the first cutter to have a modern powerplant, in this case a triple-expansion steam engine, and a fully watertight hull with transverse and longitudinal bulkheads.  She was capable of making a top speed of 15 knots.
  • 1934-CGC Nike departed on a thousand-mile trip to the sea after it became the Coast Guard's first patrol boat built on an inland waterway.  It was built at Point Pleasant, West Virginia and was launched into the Ohio River after being christened by Mrs. Charles O. Weisenberger, wife of the president of the Marietta Manufacturing Company which built Nike.  The cutter was bound for Pascagoula, Mississippi to replace the recently decommissioned cutter Tuscarora, which itself had been in service for over 35 years.
  • 1939-Congress created the Coast Guard Reserve which later became what is today the Coast Guard Auxiliary.

24 June

  • 1914-Congress authorized the Secretary of Treasury to "detail for duty on revenue cutters such surgeons and other persons of the Public Health Service as. . .necessary" and for cutters with such medical personnel aboard to extend medical and surgical aid to crews of American vessels engaged in deep sea fisheries.  This Act of Congress (38 Stat. L., 387) regularized procurement and assignment procedures of Public Health Service personnel to revenue cutters, launching a partnership between the two services that continues to this day.
  • 1930-An Act of Congress provided "that light keepers and vessel officers and crews, who during their active service were entitled to medical relief at hospitals and other stations of the Public Health Service, may be given such relief after retirement as is now applicable to retired officers and men in other branches of the Government service, under joint regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Commerce."
  • 1938-Under an Executive Order of this date, "about 35 positions of steward on lighthouse tenders were brought under the classified civil service."
  • 1995-CGC Juniper was launched, the first of the new 225-foot Juniper Class buoy tenders.

25 June

  • 1935-Coast Guard aviator LT Richard L. Burke set a world record when he flew the Coast Guard Grumman JF-2 (V-167) at 173.945 miles per hour over a 100 kilometer course with a 500 kilogram load in 21 minutes and 20 seconds, besting the previous record by roughly 14 miles per hour.
  • 1936-"The act of June 25, 1936 was in reality an amendment to the Seamen’s Act of 1915, and had been called the Merchant Marine Act of 1936. This law provided for (1) "qualifications, examinations, and issuance of certificates of service or efficiency to unlicensed personnel; (2) the issuance of continuous discharge books to all seagoing personnel," a three-watch eight-hour day, and certain citizenship requirements. The act greatly increased the workload of the shipping commissioners, particularly in providing for the issuance of discharge books and various certificates. This had the effect of both increasing the efficiency of unlicensed personnel and raising the dignity of the profession."
  • 2002-U.S. Deputy Secretary of Transportation Michael Jackson, joined by U.S. Coast Guard Commandant Thomas H. Collins, announced the award of the Integrated Deepwater System (IDS) contract.  It was the largest acquisition project in the history of the Coast Guard.
  • 2014-"The Coast Guard took a step toward introducing the C-27J into its medium range surveillance fleet with the commissioning of the C-27J Asset Project Office (APO) at Elizabeth City, N.C., June 25, 2014. The C-27J APO’s primary mission is to provide a purposeful, sequential plan to incorporate 14 C-27Js into Coast Guard operations. The aircraft are being transferred from the U.S. Air Force as required by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. Among the C-27J APO’s responsibilities will be development of Coast Guard-specific operational and maintenance procedures, training plans, technical manuals and crew duties."

26 June

  • 1944-LCDR Quentin R. Walsh and his commando unit forced the surrender of Fort du Homet, a Nazi stronghold at Cherbourg, France, captured 300 German soldiers and liberated 50 U.S. paratroopers who had been captured on D-Day.  For his heroic actions Walsh was awarded the Navy Cross.
  • 1948-In order to implement the expanded postwar activities of the Coast Guard in the field of aids to navigation, Congress approved Public Law 786, which provided legislative authority for the Coast Guard to establish and operate maritime aids for the armed forces and LORAN stations essential for the armed forces and maritime and air commerce of the United States.
  • 1978-The first U.S. ocean-monitoring satellite, SEASAT-A, was launched into earth orbit from Vandenberg AFB.

27 June

  • 1851-The British bark Henry stranded off Bridgehampton Beach, Long Island with 204 persons on board. All were safely landed with government surf boat.
  • 1935-Coast Guard aviator LT Richard L. Burke set a world record for altitude in an amphibious aircraft when he reached 17,877.243 feet with a 500 kilogram load on this date in 1935.  He piloted Coast Guard Grumman JF-2 (V-167).
  • 2003-CGC Walnut, homeported in Honolulu, returned home after being deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.  She deployed to the North Arabian Gulf in January with an oil spill recovery system in the event the regime of Saddam Hussein committed any acts of environmental terrorism.  When those threats did not materialize, the cutter conducted maritime interception operations enforcing U.N. Security Council resolutions, participated in the search for two downed United Kingdom helicopters, and patrolled and provided assistance to captured Iraqi offshore oil terminals being secured by Coast Guard port security personnel.   The cutter’s crew completely replaced 30 buoys and repaired an additional five along the 41-mile Khawr Abd Allah Waterway.  This ATON mission vastly improved the navigational safety of the waterway for humanitarian aid, commercial, and military vessels sailing to the port and was a critical step to economic recovery for the people of Iraq.
  • 2014-CGC Assateague returned to home port in Apra Harbor, Guam following a six-day exclusive economic zone enforcement patrol. While underway the cutter patrolled the western-most area of the exclusive economic zone extending 200 nautical miles west of Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana's Island chain, ensuring no foreign fishing vessels were fishing within waters of the United States and that all U.S. fishing vessels were doing so in accordance with the United States' applicable maritime laws. Additionally, during its transit north, the cutter transported supplies to the Pagan Installation Project, which consists of a joint partnership with the Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Geological Survey, NOAA, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands government. The project, which is being done on the remote island of Pagan in the northern part of the CNMI chain, is being done to install seismic sensors, monitoring stations, and seismic cables in an effort to monitor volcanic activity. To facilitate their efforts, Assateague crewmembers met with project managers in Saipan to pick up 700 pounds of five gallon water jugs, 1,200 pounds of cement bags, tents and camping supplies and various sized batteries, which were all then transported to Pagan. These items were greatly needed due to the sheer isolation and remoteness of Pagan, which houses only seven permanent residents and is 170 miles north of Saipan, the closest inhabited island with modern amenities.

28 June

  • 1946-Peacetime cruises for the cadets of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy at New London Connecticut, were revived.

29 June

  • 1820-On 29 June 1820 the Revenue cutter Dallas captured the 12-gun brig-of-war General Ramirez, which was loaded with 280 slaves, off St. Augustine.  The 8 July 1820 issue of the Savannah Republican noted:

    "On the 28th ultimo, while the Cutter DALLAS was lying in the St. Mary's River, Captain Jackson received information that the Brig of war GENERAL RAMIREZ, supposed to be a piratical vessel was hovering off St. Augustine.  The Cutter forthwith got under way in pursuit of the Brig having first obtained 12 United States soldiers from Fernandina to strengthen the Cutter's force.  At half past three the next day, she hailed the Brig and received for answer, "This is the Patriot Brig GENERAL RAMIREZ----." Captain Jackson finding a number of blacks on board took possession of the vessel and brought her into St. Mary's, arriving on the 1st instant.  Captain Jackson found on the Brig about 280 African slaves.  The Captain and crew, 28 in number, acknowledged themselves Americans." 

  • 1944-CDR Frank A. Erickson landed a helicopter on the flight deck of CGC Cobb. This was the first rotary-wing aircraft-shipboard landing by Coast Guard personnel.
  • 1950-The Coast Guard adopted a Navy directive relative to security measures, including precautions against possible sabotage at installations and aboard ships.
  • 1982- The Soviet Union launched COSPAS I, the first search and rescue satellite ever launched.  In combination with later SARSAT satellites, a new multi-agency, international, search and rescue service was made operational.
  • 2013-A Coast Guard Advanced Interdiction Team (AIT) returned home from a four-month counter piracy deployment to the Middle East. The team was comprised of three units: Maritime Safety and Security Team (MSST) Los Angeles-Long Beach, MSST San Diego, and the Pacific Tactical Law Enforcement Team (PACTACLET) out of San Diego. Under the direction of the U. S. Navy’s 5th Fleet, the team served aboard the U.S. Naval guided missile destroyer USS Stockdale, working side by side with the ship’s Visit, Board, Search and Seizure (VBSS) team assigned to Combined Task Force 151. While on board the Stockdale, the team’s primary mission was to fight maritime terrorism and counter piracy. The AIT and VBSS conducted joint training for counter piracy, illegal activity interdictions, and boardings. The training also included space accountability for hidden compartments, mock medical emergencies, and planning and executing mission contingencies. CTF-151 was a multi-national task force working under Combined Maritime Forces to conduct counter-piracy operations in the Southern Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Somali Basin, Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean.  Augmented by members from the Coast Guard, the joint-unit team was engaged in stemming illegal piracy and armed robbery at sea.

30 June

  • 1932-The Steamboat Inspection Service and Bureau of Navigation were combined to form the Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection (47 Stat. L., 415).  The new agency remained under the control of the Commerce Department.
  • 1933-The airways division, which had been conducted as a division of the Lighthouse Service, but under the administrative supervision of the Assistant Secretary for Aeronautics, Department of Commerce, was separated from the Lighthouse Service. (USLHS AR 1933, p. 97). 
  • 1933-The Coast Guard reported that during its existence, from 28 January 1915 through the end of the Fiscal Year (30 June) of 1933 the service had either  "rescued from peril" or "saved" the lives of 60,982 persons and the value of vessels and cargoes the Coast Guard saved or assisted was $659,632,287 (CGM, April, 1934, p. 28).
  • 1939-"The total personnel of the Service as of June 30, 1939, was 5,355, consisting of 4,119 full—time and 1,156 part—time employees, the former including 1, 170 light keepers and assistants; 56 light attendants; 1,995 officers and crews of lightships and tenders; 113 Bureau officers, engineers and draftsmen, and district superintendents and technical assistants; 226 clerks, messengers, janitors, and office laborers; 157 depot keepers and assistants, including watchmen and laborers; and 482 field-force employees engaged in construction and repair work."
  • 1939-"At the end of the year, the total number of lighthouse tenders was 65, of which 64 were in commission and ‘.1 was out of commission and advertised for sale. Of the vessels in commission, 42 were steam-propelled, 18 had diesel engines, and 4 had diesel-electric drive. The average age of the fleet of tenders is 19.52 years. There are 10 tenders, aggregating 8,535 tons, 35 years of age and over. Thirty lighthouse tenders are equipped with radiotelegraph; 38 with radio direction finders; and 55 with radiotelephones."
  • 1939-"Lightships were maintained on 30 stations during the year. At the close of the year, the total number of lightships was 43, which included 9 relief ships and 4 ships out of commission."
  • 1939-"The total number of aids to navigation maintained by the Lighthouse Service at the close of the fiscal year was 29,606, a net increase of 849 over the previous year."
  • 1942- The Coast Guard's Beach Patrol Division was established at Coast Guard Headquarters under the command of Captain Raymond J. Mauerman, USCG.
  • 1946-The general World War II demobilization task was completed with all Separation Centers decommissioned, resulting in a reduced number of Coast Guard personnel  to 23,000 officers and enlisted personnel from a wartime peak of about 171,000 on 30 June 1945.
  • 1946-By this date, all lightships removed from their stations as a war measure had been restored, except Fire Island Lightship which had been replaced by a large-type whistle buoy offshore and a radio-beacon on shore at Fire Island Light Station, New York.
  • 1946-The U .S. Navy returned the Coast Guard’s eleven air stations to the operational control of the Coast Guard.
  • 1947-The Fourth Coast Guard District, which comprised parts of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware and was based out of Philadelphia, was abolished and the functions, responsibilities, and facilities in this area were transferred to the Third Coast Guard District, based at New York, New York.  Additionally the Seventeenth Coast Guard District was abolished, and the Territory of Alaska, which it comprised, was added to the Thirteenth Coast Guard District, which included Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
  • 1987-As part of a major reorganization and consolidation effort the Coast Guard disestablished the Third and Twelfth Coast Guard districts.

Last Modified 12/21/2016